Operators must submit all lion trophies to Zambia's Department of National Parks and Wildlife (DPNW) for measurement within two months of the hunt along with the completed trophy size record form documenting specific measurements, the GPS of the kill and PH, operator and client information. They must also provide six photos of the trophy showing a side view of the entire body; head, neck and shoulder shots, including mane development; the face and frontal view of the teeth and nose. The DPNW then ages the lion before it may be shipped to clients, much like it is done in Tanzania. Lion hunts are a minimum of 14 days. PHs must also submit lion sighting forms.
Under the new guidelines female lions and leopards, and male lions under the age of four may not be hunted and are not exportable if taken. PHs and concession holders/operators face penalties for illegal offtake, including stiff fines and license suspensions or cancellations, plus withdrawals of unmet lion quotas for the rest of the season and suspension of quotas for the following year. The penalties are on a sliding scale depending on whether it is the first, second or third offense. A concession holder can lose his lion quota through the end of his concession period with a third offense, so the penalties have real teeth to them.
Operators who take lions aged between four and five years face smaller fines, with export is at the discretion of the director of the DNPW. The DNPW's Lion Aging Evaluation Committee makes........(continued)