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The Very Latest On That Argali Suit

Written By John J. Jackson III, Conservation Force Chairman & President
(posted June 2001)
 
Conservation Force has filed an intervention in the argali lawsuit that was filed by animal rightists against the US Fish and Wildlife Service. The intervenors are the Government of Mongolia, the Foundation for North American Wild Sheep (FNAWS), the Grand Slam Club/OVIS (which have recently merged into one nonprofit organization of 3,433 sheep hunters) and Conservation Force itself on behalf of its more than 50 supporting organizations, such as the International Sheep Hunters Association, the International Foundation for the Conservation of Wildlife and the British Columbia Wild Sheep Society, plus a number of individuals.

The individual intervenors include three renown biologists, Dr. Raul Valdez, Dr. Bart O'Gara, and Dr. James Teer, who have long worked with Conservation Force on sheep issues. Five individual hunters are named as intervenors as well, Douglas C. Stromberg, Ron Bartels, Ben Seale, Clark S. Ullom, and Lee G. Lipscomb. A special thanks is owed to all of the intervenors for their participation in this case.

Of course, the Foundation for North American Wild Sheep has an incomparable record of "putting sheep back on the mountain." The intervention gives it credit for being the "Ducks Unlimited" of sheep hunting. Its thousands of members do more argali and international wild sheep hunting and expend more on argali conservation and hunting than all others combined. Through its auction system, it has made significant and direct contributions to argali conservation in Mongolia, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, the three countries in issue in the litigation. FNAWS also had filed a comment in 1993 opposing the uplisting of argali in those three countries as endangered. Its Board of Directors unanimously agreed to FNAWS' intervention in cooperation with Conservation Force. Both FNAWS, its leading affiliates and Grand Slam Club/OVIS are supporters of Conservation Force. Yours truly is providing all the legal representation pro bono.

Though these exemplary sheep organizations have taken the lead for strategic purposes on behalf of the hunting and conservation community, we need the whole hunting community to support the defense.

The antis' suit has three purposes, two of which can affect all hunters who travel. First, it aims to stop all argali trophy imports, either by having them all listed as "endangered," or attacking the fulfillment of the information requirements of the Special Rule governing argali imports. Second, it wants the court to rule that the issuance of import permits for threatened species taken outside the country should be as limited as the hunting of threatened species within the USA - i.e., permits should be issued only when a population is above carrying capacity and there is no other way to relieve it. Third, it wants the court to rule that all permit applications of all threatened species must be pre-published in the Federal Register and open to public comment, which is how "endangered" species permit applications have long been treated.

Our intervention states that we cannot expect huntable populations of argali to continue to exist in the future if the Endangered Species Act is used to block the revenue and conservation incentives that arise from the hunting of importable argali. Generally, hunters will not bear the high price of the hunt if they cannot return with their trophy. The collection of the trophy is a significant part of the hunt that is so important that hunters will not bear the costs and risks without it. Hunters cannot in good conscience shoot an argali when the trophy is wasted. The import of the trophy for personal display reflects the respect and high regard held by the hunter for both the hunt and the game species. It honors the hunt and the argali. A successful hunt is expected to be celebrated, which is what a trophy does. The import of the trophy assures that it is forever a permanent part of the life of the hunter, hence the high prices that mean so very much to the conservation of the species.


DATELINE: US WEST
News Analysis Update
On Nonresident Hunters' Rights Cases

The two nonresident hunters' rights cases are both on appeal in different federal appellate circuits. The cases, one in Wyoming and the other in Arizona, now present somewhat different interests and issues. The Wyoming case entitled Wyoming Outfitters and Guides Association, et al. v. Wyoming Game and Fish Commission, et al., 00-8066, is the one I am personally handling. We filed a 14,000-word brief in the federal 10th Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver in March. The state filed its brief in response, and we filed the final reply brief in May. The decision is expected this year.

The plaintiffs are nonresident elk and deer hunters who have booked hunts or purchased them at conservation auctions and then not been able to draw a license. Their outfitters and the outfitters association, WYOGA, are also plaintiffs because of their for-profit commercial interest and their part in the interstate hunting industry.

Nine forms of discrimination are separately alleged to violate both the Dormant Commerce Clause and the Equal Protection Clauses of the US Constitution. For example, the discrimination against nonresident hunters includes the fact that there is no quota on residents, who can purchase an unlimited number of elk licenses across the counter, while nonresidents must separately enter a draw for a very limited number of licenses. That is a difference in issuance method, as well as in the number of licenses given out.

Another fact is, the nonresident elk draw has been capped at 7,200 elk for 14 years even though the elk population has more than doubled and is currently 25 percent above management objective. Resident groups are adamant against giving nonresident hunters more licenses, however. They are even against providing nonresidents booked with licensed outfitters the same treatment as residents, or "set-asides" as in other western states.

At the threshold, the trial court dismissed the outfitters on the basis they did not have standing because they could not prove the discrimination caused a direct injury to themselves. Then the trial court dismissed the nonresident hunters on the basis their recreational activity was not interstate commerce, thus not protected under the Dormant Commerce Clause of the US Constitution. The trial court incorrectly held that the Commerce Clause claim could only be based on the commercial attributes of the outfitters that it dismissed.

On appeal, we are arguing that the outfitters do have standing because they are in fact injured by the discrimination against their clients and that they themselves are also the target of local animosity for their representative connection to nonresidents, who are stereotyped to be wealthy outsiders. We are arguing that nonresident recreational hunters and their outfitters are component parts of an enormous interstate hunting industry that amounts to one of every seven hunters and that provides most conservation revenue in the western states and which is therefore protected by the Dormant Commerce Clause. We are also arguing that the outfitters should not have been dismissed and also that recreational hunting, like recreational camping in a recent US Supreme Court case, are a covered activity because of its interstate travel component. We are arguing that "two million out-of-state recreational hunters choke the highways and airports during the hunting season, traveling from state to state and purchasing preparatory supplies from all parts of this nation."

In Camps Newfoundland v. Maine, 520 U.S. 564 (1997), the US Supreme Court held that nonresidents' interstate travel to camp and to enjoy the outdoors purely for recreation constituted "articles of commerce" in the "stream of commerce." Therefore, discriminatory protectionism favoring residents over nonresident outdoor recreationists was illegal. Significantly, the Wyoming trial court held that the Equal Protection Amendment was not violated because it was legitimate for the state to prefer its own citizens over others to ensure and award their support of the state's conservation programs. On appeal, we are arguing that such a purpose for discrimination is not independent and legitimate. As in the Terk case, which we won in New Mexico, we are arguing that the intentional discrimination against a minority class (recreational nonresident hunters) to get the support of those being favored (resident hunters) is neither "independent" of the discrimination itself nor a "legitimate" rationale. It has to be both to pass the Equal Protection Amendment test. Any and all discrimination could be justified on the basis that those being treated more favorably may be more supportive of the governing body that favors them over others, but such a justification is not "independent" of the rationale for the discrimination. It is one and the same.

The case is the best ever developed that bears directly on the equality of recreational hunting rights of nonresidents, yet it remains a "long shot" because of the centuries of American legal jurisprudence against nonresidents. We have handled this case for you, the hunter who travels. In many western states, nonresident hunters contribute more funding of wildlife conservation per capita and per class than all others though they use just a fraction of the resource.

The case has proven to be a major undertaking by yours truly. I have provided more than 1,000 hours of pro bono legal services. When divided into 40-hour work weeks, it equals half a year of free legal services spread over a two and one-half year period. Though I have given Conservation Force full credit for the immense effort from its inception, Conservation Force has only received a few hundred dollars in financial contributions for a campaign providing hundreds of thousands of dollars of legal services!

The second case arises in Arizona and is on appeal in the federal 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. That suit is being handled by James Scarantino engaged by US Outfitters. Most issues and plaintiffs have been voluntarily dropped from the claim. Though the case still bears our name, Conservation Force, et al. v. Duane Shroufe, et al. (Commissioners), 0017082, Conservation Force was asked by counsel to voluntarily withdraw to narrow the issues and expedite the case, which we did. The plaintiffs initially included an array of interests including recreational hunters and outfitters, but no longer does. US Outfitters was dismissed from the case by the Court at an early stage in the proceedings. The court's dismissal of the outfitters' interest on standing was not appealed.

When initially filed, that case included claims under both the Equal Protection Amendment and the Dormant Interstate Commerce Clause of the US Constitution. When the trial court dismissed the Commerce Clause claim, the plaintiffs' counsel also voluntarily dropped all the claims under the Equal Protection Amendment. He strategically narrowed the appeal to a claim by a few individuals who hunt for the sole purpose of acquiring elk antlers for selling them interstate for profit. Though the original claim included recreational hunting, the appeal explicitly excludes it. It's now only a claim by nonresident commercial antler harvesters who claim the discrimination in licensing of nonresidents is impinging on their livelihood from interstate antler sales.

The brief explicitly states that the District Court erred when it treated "plaintiffs' activities as 'recreational hunting' when the undisputed evidence shows that they (those appealing) are engaged solely in commercial activity . . ." "The nonresidents (remaining in case) are not 'recreational hunters.' They have no interest in harvesting the animals except to derive profit from the activity . . . it is their business and their livelihood." This change will no doubt surprise the state and may prove to be a winning strategy and may advance the underlying jurisprudence by getting the appellate court to apply more recent US Supreme Court Commerce Clause cases to the issuance of hunting licenses to some nonresidents.

It most certainly is a simpler case. Nevertheless, it no longer applies directly to the right of nonresident hunters hunting for recreation, or to their hunting brokers, outfitters and guides who are commercially dependent upon the licensing of nonresident recreational hunters. The case barely relates to the original filing. It is an interesting turn of events that we thought you should know.


Briefly Noted

In an unanimous decision, the Board of Directors of the British Columbia Wildlife Federation (BCWF) voted to inform the provincial ministers that for the first time in over 46 years they will be the first provincial ministers responsible for Fish and Wildlife who will not be invited to speak at the group's annual general meeting. The BC Wildlife Federation is the largest and longest standing voluntary conservation organization in the province. Make no mistake, its members and affiliate organizations are outraged at the politically motivated closure of grizzly bear hunting on the eve of the election, and they hold the ministry politicians in absolute disdain.

The President of the BCWF, Ivar Larson, recently stated, "Political intervention and pandering to the agenda of animal rights groups has destroyed the credibility and integrity of scientific wildlife management in British Columbia by agreeing to the closure of the hunting of grizzly bears." "This particular government crossed the line when they moved their political agenda forward against the advice of senior Ministry of Environment staff and the Grizzly Scientific Advisory Panel by imposing a three-year moratorium on the hunting of grizzly bears." "This meddling in reliable scientific wildlife management through political interference has sounded an alarm bell throughout the province and indeed Canada and the world. The high esteem in which the province's scientifically based wildlife conservation program was held provincially, nationally and internationally is now lost."

Meanwhile, knowledgeable and respected experts in British Columbia believe that the existing grizzly population estimate of 10,000 to 13,000 bear is conservative. The population may be in the range of 16,000 to 18,000 bear and increasing. Regardless, no basis has been shown for the antis' estimate of 4,000 to 6,000 bears.

I was recently in British Columbia and spoke with ministry politicians. What I heard appalled me. One described the UK-based EIA (Environmental Investigative Agency) as a "stakeholder" in British Columbia. Another thought the EIA was a responsible and respected "environmental organization" that should be consulted and included in policymakers' circle. Another person at the political level told me that neither grizzly bear or other wildlife management was any longer governed by biology. He advised the Guides and Outfitters Association of British Columbia to wake up to the reality that the use and management of wildlife in the province from here out will be a moral determination governed by the balance of public sentiment of what is right and wrong!

Doesn't all this raise the interest of animals to the same level as humans? We are not sure if animals informally have been given rights in British Columbia on par with humans, or even greater rights; or whether they have just been politically used by an outgoing political party to the long-term detriment of the species feigned to be protected.

By the time you read this, there should be a new BC political party in office that has promised to reopen grizzly hunting. Nevertheless, the fight is far from over. - John J. Jackson, III.


For more information on Conservation Force and/or the services available through Jackson’s alliance with The Hunting Report, write:

Conservation Force
One Lakeway Center
Suite 1045
Metairie, LA 70002.
Tel. 504-837-1233. Fax 504-837-1145.
E-mail: cf@conservationforce.org
Web: www.ConservationForce.org



Conservation Force 2014
2014
January Firestorm Email Attacks by Media and Antis
January CIC Milan 61st General Assembly/Crime Summit
January USFWS Re-Notices Proposed ESA Downlisting of Markhor
January Markhor Import Permit Appeal
January Hunter Proud Foundation & Osprey Filming Company
January Intervention in Latest Three Amigos Suit
February Antis’ Antics Have Perverse Negative Effect on Rhino Conservation
March Speech Upon Receiving the Houston Safari Club International Hunter of the Year Award
March Hunting: A Great Debate
April Illegal Wildlife Trade and Poaching
April Conservation Force Solves Liberia Trophy Import Problems
April Elephant Hair and Skin Bracelets Importable
April Conservation Force First Quarter 2014 Report
May USFWS Implements Catastrophic Suspension of Elephant Imports from Tanzania and Zimbabwe
May Letter to USFWS from Robin Hurt
June First Formal Action on Elephant Import Suspension Taken by Conservation Force
July Import Permits Issued for Sulaiman Markhor of Torghar Project
July Trophy Definition to Again Include Worked, Manufactured or Handicraft Items
July Comments Opposing Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Import Suspension
July USFWS Produces Letter of Inquiry to Tanzania on Elephant Populations
August Status of Elephant Import Suspensions for Zimbabwe and Tanzania
August The True Status of White Rhino Populations
August Win the Wild, A Fictionalized Account of How South Africa Reclaimed Its Wildlife Heritage
September Final Zim Finding: Most and Best Available Information Ignored
October Dateline: Africa: Facts About Elephant Enhancement in Tanzania
October Tanzania: Elephant Up, Poaching Down
October CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World Available in USA
October Memorial Donation
October What Listings the Protectionists Want at the Next CITES CoP
November Conservation Force & Partners Refute Negative USFWS Enhancement Finding on Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Imports
November USFWS Rejects Request for Reconsideration of Tanzania Permit Denials
November Revealed: USFWS “Information” that “Poaching Levels are Increasing” in Zimbabwe are Merely News Articles and Anecdotal Reports
November ESA 12-Month Finding and Proposal to List all Lion as Threatened
November Founding Conservation Force Board Member Donald Lindsay Passes
November Dateline Pakistan: USFWS Special Rule Downlists All Straight-Horned Markhor to Threatened
November The Role of Trophy Hunting in the Downlisting of Straight-horned Markhor


Conservation Force 2013
2013
January US Fish and Wildlife Service Announces 90-Day Finding on ESA Listing for African Lion
February Why Hunt Wild Cats: Arguments Previously Made By USFWS and African Nations
March World Conservation Force Bulletin Enters Its 18th Year
March Mozambique and Cameroon Hippo Trade Suspended by CITES
March Final Findings of National Survey Reports A Record Number of Big Game Hunters
March 2012 Zambia Elephant Trophy Imports Approved
March On Receiving The Peter Hathaway Capstick Hunting Heritage Award
April A CITES CoP16 Report: Key Wins, Some Losses for the Hunting Community
April What Was Truly at Stake with the Polar Bear Proposal
May USFWS Grants First Black Rhino Import Permit
May Evaluating Namibia’s Rhino Program
May Rhino Populations Grow Despite Poaching
June CIC General Assembly Adopts Recommendations for African Lion and White Rhino
June Double Quotas Not Yet Resolved in USA
June Equal Allocation of New Mexico Nonresident Licenses for Rocky Mountain and Desert Bighorn Sheep, Oryx and Ibex Challenged Again
June Wood Bison Cases Still in Court
June Black Rhino Public Education
July USFWS Denies Petitions to Remove Private, Captive Populations of Species from ESA: Scimitar-horned Oryx, Dama Gazelle and Addax Denied
July Polar Bear Litigation Developments
July Finally, All Gray Wolves Proposed for Removal from ESA
July Status of the Petition to List the Lion as Endangered: African Lion Workshop
August Court Turns Deaf Ear to Polar Bear Enhancement Permit Applicants for Gulf of Boothia
August Newly Published Monograph on Hunting & Conservation
August Family Hunts Under One License are Illegal
August Wildlife for the 21st Century, Volume IV
September Downlisting of Straight-Horned Markhor Delayed; USFWS to Issue Revised Proposed Rule to Reclassify Species Under ESA
September New Trophy Seizure Issues Arise
September New Mexico Nonresident Terk Case Revving Up
September Polar Bear Listing Now Before US Supreme Court
October US Fish & Wildlife Lists White Rhino as Threatened
October Two Articles on Black Rhino Trophy Imports
October Defense of Terk Decision Needs Support
October Two Colorado State Senators Recalled for Passage of Firearms Restrictions
October Cheetah Numbers Increasing
November US Supreme Court Denies Polar Bear Writ
November Court Should Hold Feds Accountable for Questionable ESA Listing
November Succession and Development: “What will We Do When You are Gone?
November Black Rhino Auction: A Dream Come True
December Unintended Consequences May Arise from Presidential Executive Order to Combat Wildlife Trafficking
December The Crush: Whose Ivory was Destroyed and Will It Truly Curtail Poaching?
December Climate Change Used to Reopen Wolverine Listing Proposal
December Conservation Force Wins FOIA Suit for Records Revealing Why USFWS Stalled Markhor Downlisting
December Suit Threatens Three Amigos Permitting Process; Conservation Force and Allied Organizations to Intervene


Conservation Force 2012
2012
January HSUS Threatens Conservation Force’s Asian Projects and Partners
January Markhor III Suit Filed to Compel 12-Month Downlisting Finding
January Serious Irregularities in Administrative Records and Scientific Findings
January Can You Offer for Sale or Sell an “Endangered” Listed Species Without a Permit?
February Conservation Force Partners with SAVE Valley Conservancy
February New Mexico Further Restricts Nonresident Hunting
February An Open Letter to Ranchers and Hunters of ESA Listed Exotics in The US
March Trophy Seizure Threat Reaches New High; USFWS Conduct Reaches New Low
March Some Court Success in Seizure Cases
March New Study Quantifies the Importance of Lion Hunting
March Onsite Report: The Etosha Meeting of African Lion Working Group
March Conservation Force Legal Action Update
April USF&WS Proposes New CITES Regulations
April Update on Three Amigos: Dama Gazelle, Addax and Scimitar-horned Oryx
April CF Board Members Selected To Important IUCN Posts
April Help Needed For Conservation Force Intern Program
May Wood Bison II Litigation Successfully Concluded: Court Overturns USFWS Enhancement Permit Denials
May Markhor III Suit Settled
June Dr. James Teer, Founding Member of Conservation Force, Dies
June Canadian Wood Bison Downlisted! Trophies Now Importable
July National Fish & Wildlife Conservation Congress in Canada
July Hunting for an Acceptable Image: Building Public Acceptance for Sustainable Use of Wildlife
July USFWS Considering Positions for CITES CoP16
July Antis Again Challenge “Trophy” Definition
August Promising Polar Bear Developments: Scientists Stand Corrected
August Last Brief in Markhor I Suit Filed
August Power Outages – Shortfalls
September Success! USFWS Proposes the Downlisting & Importation of Torghar Markhor Without an ESA Import Permit
October The National Survey Shows Increase in Hunters and Big Game Hunting
October South Africa’s Protected Area Act of 2003 Hurts Wildlife & Habitats
October CIC President Bernard Lozé: “Banning Lion Hunting Endangers The Survival of Lions in the Wild!”
October Update on Our Freedom of Information Act Suits
November CITES CoP16 Proposals Published: White Rhino, Polar Bear, Elephant, Pyrenean Chamois, Leopard Permits
November Remarks of Deborah Lyons, Deputy Head of Mission, at the Inuit Delegation - Polar Bear Reception at Embassy of Canada, Washington, D.C., September 20, 2012
November 3 Amigos: USFWS Makes 90-Day Finding to Review Downlisting Those Species in USA
November PH Stu Taylor Recovery Fund Established
December Worked Elephant Ivory Tusks Not Importable: US Court Holds Import Violated Four Laws and Orders Forfeiture of Zimbabwe Elephant Tusk
December Waning Status of Hunting-Based Conservation in Botswana: Latest Developments
December Bill Poole Enshrined Into the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame


Conservation Force 2011
2011
January Court Rules No Fees Due in Permit Cases
January Delays & Revelations In Wood Bison Suit
February A Step-by-Step Guide On Who Is Responsible For What
February Billy Ray Parnell Purple Heart Program
March Wood Bison Initiative Enters Final Stage
March Lead Issue Taken to Court
March Both Markhor Cases Moving Forward
March Zambia Initiative Success
April Africa: Antis Petition Listing Of African Lion on ESA
April Success in Iran
April Scientists Recant Tipping Point Theory That Doomed the Polar Bear
April Plains Bison Listing Petition Denials
April The Osprey Filming Company
May Special Coverage On Polar Bear: Sustainable Use On Trial
June Special Coverage On Elephant Imports: Challenging The USFWS Definition of “Trophy”
July USFWS Makes Positive Markhor Finding
July New Eruption Atop Mountain of Seizures
July USFWS Enforces Validation Requirement On CITES Permits
July Pakistan Export Permits Don’t Have a Validation Section
August US District Court Denies All Challenges to Listing the Polar Bear as “Threatened”
August Permit Exclusions Eliminated for “The Three Amigos”
September Important Developments at 25th Meeting of the CITES Animals Committee
September Abusive Use of Polar Bear Drowning Misinformation
September Cheetah Import Permits Denied Again
October Special Coverage: Getting To The Root Of The Trophy Seizure Crisis – The History and Genesis Of The Problem
November District Court Denies Relief In Zambia
and Mozambique Elephant Import Suits
December Success! Zambia Elephant Import Permits Issued By USFWS
December Update on Seizure and Forfeiture Crisis


Conservation Force 2010
2010
January Special Report: Addressing The US Trophy Seizure Crisis
February Federal Court Rules Hunters’ Interests In Trophies Not Legally Protected
March CF Creates Permanent Litigation Division
March Special Report: Conservation Force Chairman Receives International Statesman Award
March Briefly Noted
April Conservation Force Institutes Industry-Commercial Services Sponsorships
April Briefly Noted
April Dr. Dale Toweill Joins Conservation Force Board of Advisors
May Special Report: Focus On CITES CoP15
June 57th CIC General Assembly: Expanding Scope, Participation & Influence
June Briefly Noted
July The Supreme Court Invalidates Overly Broad Cruelty Law In Light of the Acceptability of Hunting
August Status of Wood Bison Suits Against USFWS
September The Important Historical Role of Hunters To Both Public and Private Land Conservation
September Pakistan: New Markhor Down-listing Petition Filed
October CBD Pushes To Ban All Lead Ammo & Fish Gear
November Important New Development in Trophy Seizure Crisis
November Anticlimactic Polar Bear Court Hearing
December A Tool For Lion Hunters: The Pocket Guide To Aging Lions
December Polar Bear Listing Cases Status
December St. Petersburg Hosts 58th CIC General Assembly


Conservation Force 2009
2009
January 2008 In Review Bio-political Developments
February Crisis Over Trophies In Transit Resolved
February Two Important Legal Actions
March Lion Campaign Kicks Off In The Nick of Time
March Polar Bear Update: Law Suit Sets New Precedent On Listings
March Briefly Noted
April "Challenges and Solutions for the Conservation of Lions and Other Large Carnivores in Sub-Saharan Africa" February 17th-18th Maroua, Cameroon
May Trophy Seizures & Forfeiture Crisis: Problems and Resolutions
May Briefly Noted
June Cheetah & Black-faced Impala Permits Denied
June Briefly Noted
July National Action Plans Save Lion Initiative
July Briefly Noted
August Tanzania To Enforce Age Limits On Trophy Lions
August Three Antelope Case A Win For Conservation
August Briefly Noted
September The Unrealized Potential of Conservation Hunting
September North America: Latest Developments On Polar Bear
October Mozambique: Niassa Elephant Trophy
November Africa: Suit Filed Over Zambia Elephant Import Permits
November Arctic: USF&WS Proposes CITES Uplist Polar Bear
November Polar Bear Lawsuits Challenging the Listing Decision
December Special Report: African Lion Spared the CITES Axe, For Now
December Bill Poole: “A Lion of a Man”
December Special Report: CITES Proposals for CoP15, March 2010


Conservation Force 2008
2008
January CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
January Polar Bear Developments
February Conservation News Developments
March Breaking News On Argali Draws
April Polar Bear Decision: Some Thoughts About That Continuing Delay
April CAMEROON: All About The New CAMNARES Program
May Conversation Force to Intervene
May Briefly Noted
June Polar Bear Listing: Assessing The Impact And Mapping A Way Forward
June CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
August Update On Kashmir Markhor
August Polar Bear Imports: Immediate Ban Upheld
August A Word About The Bob Kern Trial
September Study Analyzes Work Of NGO’s In African Wildlife Conservation
September Tanzania: Elephant Permit Crisis Averted
September Briefly Noted
October New Efforts To Reverse The Polar Bear Listing
October USF&WS Seizing Some Utilitarian Trophy Items
November Nation-by-Nation Plans To Save African Lion
November Hunting For Truth: Why Rationalizing The Ritual Must Fail
November Briefly Noted
November USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
November Leadership, People and Science
December USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
December Briefly Noted


Conservation Force 2007
2007
January Largest Hunting Development in the World
January Philippe Chardonnet Elected to Conservation Force Board
January PHASA AGM: An On-Site Report
February Polar Bear and Trophy Imports Both In Jeopardy
March A Second Threat to Polar Bear Import
March Guide To Aging Lions Is Now Available
March Briefly Noted
April Understanding The Issues And Proposals
April Our Polar Bear Comment: A Report
June Namibia: Help Is Available On Seized Leopards
June Belgrade: All About The Latest CIC General Assembly
June Special Report: New Conservation DVD Is Getting Attention
June CITES Meeting: The Latest Developments
June What Do You Say To A Liberal Intellectual Who Has Never Hunted?
July What Really Happened at CITES COP14 In The Hague
August Markhor Import Denial Raises Big Questions
September White House Orders National Hunting Conference
October Reflections On 10 Years Of Conservation Force
October Bear Listing Proposal: USGS Releases Reports
November Petitions to Free Siezed Trophies Successful
November Polar Bear Crisis Heats Up
November Briefly Noted
December Important Development in Markhor Conservation
December A Commentary On The National Geographic Article About “Hunters: For Love of the Land”


Conservation Force 2006
2006
January Highlights of 2005
February Protectionist File Suit To List All Polar Bear Under the Endangered Species Act
March ESA Listing Pending Polar Bear Crisis Is Growing
April The Real Significance If Polar Bear Are Listed
May One Important Nonresident Rights Case Continues
June Comment On “Draft Norms & Standards for the Regulations of the Hunting Industry in South Africa
July Symposium May Affect The Future Of Hunting; Progress Reported On Black Faced Impala
August Assessing The Impact Of Interior Dept. Turnover
September Mozambique Elephant Trophy Import Permit Applications Denied
October BC Bear Report And “Stricter Domestic Measures:” An Analysis Of The Connections
November UK Meetings Focus On Hunting/Conservation
December Wildlife ‘Compact’ Has Downsides / Gala Tanzania Banquet / Last Nonresident Suit


Conservation Force 2005
2005
January The End of Nonresident Hunting Rights
February African Elephant Downlisted to Vulnerable
March Southwest Alaska Profile In Conservation
April The Truth About That Polar Bear Petition
May The Legally Structured Role of Hunting and Fishing in the US and Abroad
June Nonresidents Stripped of Constitutional Rights in Congress
July Black Rhino Hunting Development
August Elephant Hunting Is Fully Open In Zambia / Getting A Handle On “Sustainable Use”
September Russia: The “Real Skinny On That Hunting Closure
October Hurricane Katrina Threatens Conservation Force
October USFW&S Denies Permits For Black-Faced Impala
November First African Lion Workshops Are Successful; IUCN Polar Bear Listing Upgraded
December US Lists New Foreign Species As Endangered


Conservation Force 2004
2004
January Permits To Import Certain Endangered Species Understanding That Draft Trophy Import Policy Change
February Musings of an Old Hunter
March Giant Saltwater Crocodile Hunting May Open
April Who Said What: A Compendium Of Comments
May African Lion Targeted At CITES Meeting
June The Truth About Senator John Kerry
June Two Hunters’ Legacies
July Argali Suit Finally Finished: Positive Gains
July Case Study of a Man-Eating Lion Killing 35 People
September Cats/Canids Bill Introduced; NRA To Push Hunting; Important CITES COP 13 Developments
October Will Lion Hunting Survive? And More....
November What Really Happened At COP13
December More To Come On African Lion


Conservation Force 2003
2003
January On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
February Conservation of the African Lion: Contribution to a Status Survey
March A Reflection on Positive Developments
April DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC, News Analysis, The Argali Case: Court, Hears Mongolia's Appeal
May Conservation News Briefs - A Special Tribute To Gunbearers
June What You Need To Know About Trophy Imports
July Insights From Wildlife Conflict Studies, A Different Perspective For Problem Solving
August How Many Hunters Are There, Really?
September The Antis’ Argali Suit Has Been Dismissed
October Update On The Argali Case
November The Political Future
December Antis Tell Court They Would Rather See Elephants Euthanized Than in a Zoo


Conservation Force 2002
2002
January The Truth About That British Columbia Grizzly Bear “Ban”
February DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - Cameroon Elephant Permits Denied
March SPECIAL REPORT - New USF & WS Director
April The Saga of the Saiga
May The Role And Value Of Hunting
June On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
July Special Report: The Argali Suit - Part I
August Special Report: A Preview Of COP 12
September Zimbabwe Hunting Will Continue – But Zimbabwe Needs You Now
October Understanding Trophy Hunting: A Powerful Conservation Tool
November London March to Save Hunting Breaks All Records
December Santiago, Chile - What Really Happened At CITES COP 12


Conservation Force 2001
2001
March Idaho Approves Nonresident Moose Hunting: A Practical Lesson In Our Democracy
April Special Report On Hunting Why We Do It; Its Conservation Benefits
May Antis Sue To Stop All Argali Trophy Imports
June The Very Latest On That Argali Suit
July Why We Hunt: - Two Important Perspectives
August The Animal Rights 2001 Conference - Terrorism And A Radical Agenda At A Hilton Hotel
September Legal Matters - Update On The Argali Lawsuit
October DATELINE: WASHINGTON Mongolia, Others Denied Role In Argali Lawsuit
November DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - European Trophy Crisis Is Narrowly Averted
December People And Predators. Can They Live Together?




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Hunting Reports & Articles
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Hunting Reports & Articles
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