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Getting an Enhancement Import Permit Requires Asking the Right Questions Before A Hunt

Written By John J. Jackson III, Conservation Force Chairman & President
(posted July 2017)
 

Markhor from a community conservancy hunt in Tajikistan were issued import permits based on proof the hunts are not detrimental to their populations.

Conservation Force is known for its "test" import permitting to establish new hunting destinations and the import of trophies of additional species or populations. It is the demonstrated use of hunting as a conservation "tool" or FORCE. John Jackson established the first elephant "enhancement" trophy import permit over 25 years ago by proving that the hunting enhanced the survival of those elephant in the respective countries. Since then, we have documented tourist hunting enhancement of leopard, markhor, wood bison, black rhino, argali, red lechwe, Arabian oryx, Eld's deer, etc. (other species still in the works are African lion, polar bear, black-faced impala, cheetah, Cape mountain Zebra, etc.) The enhancement is the heart of what has come to be called "conservation hunting."

We work with range state authorities, rural communities, NGOs, scientists, brokers and outfitters to gather necessary information so International Affairs of FWS will approve the trophy import permits. You, the hunting client, can help as well. Asking the right questions before the hunt will confirm the hunt is both sustainable and beneficial for the species. Sharing information with Conservation Force will strengthen our presentation to the FWS in support of your permit application. Below is a list of possible questions to ask yourself, and your booking agent, operator, or PH, before and during a hunt.


Conservation Force fought to get import permits issued for Canadian wood bison.

This is a sizable list of questions. No need to ask them all. Clearly, there is no need to ask about restocking in a prime area full of game, or about anti-poaching or community revenue sharing in an area without poaching or local villages. Some questions may seem onerous. All hunters benefit by demonstrating the legality, sustainability and conservation value of hunting.

We believe you really do need to ask these questions for three reasons. First, no one wants to be a news headline. Some of these questions are obvious, but unfortunately, incidents like "Cecil the lion" happen. Most recently, eleven argali and ibex trophies were interdicted on the border of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The hunts are alleged not to have been licensed. The operator is being investigated by the Tajik government.  The second set of questions investigates the underlying legality of your hunt. (Conservation Force has previously published a chart on how to avoid seizure and forfeiture of your trophies for innocent permitting errors, available at www.conservationforce.org.)

Second, these questions stem from the legal requirements that must be met to import CITES- or ESA-listed trophies. Obviously, the hunting must be sustainable or serve a management objective. The CITES Convention has elevated that premise to an export and import permit requirement. For CITES-listed species, the exporting country must determine that the take and export are "not detrimental to the survival" of the species. For Appendix I-listed species, the FWS (Division of Scientific Authority of International Affairs) must make a similar finding. (Actually, the DSA must determine the import is "for purposes" that are not detrimental, which International Affairs has interpreted to require a comprehensive biological and management analysis.) Therefore, hunters need to consider the non-detriment or sustainability of the hunt. (International Affairs has ruled that the terms are synonymous.) The first set of questions below evaluate this factor, focusing on the area of the hunt.

Third, for ESA-listed species, the legal standard is even higher. To issue an import permit for endangered-listed species, the ESA requires the hunting "enhance the survival of" that species. The FWS has self-imposed a regulatory requirement of proof of "enhancement" for import of many threatened-listed species as well. Therefore, trophy import permit applications need to demonstrate the benefits of the hunt for the species before the FWS Division of Management Authority will issue an import permit for the trophy. This is documentation that the hunting serves as a conservation tool or is conservation hunting.

Many hunters also personally want to ensure their hunt benefits the species. Benefits may be biological, such as removing post-reproductive males to increase breeding (rate of reproduction and population numbers). The hunting may justify habitat preservation or expansion-such as for the Cape mountain zebra, whose future largely depends on increased private ownership. Hunting revenues commonly fund government management efforts. Lawful hunting may underwrite anti-poaching efforts at the national, operator and communal level. It also provides meat and many other benefits to rural communities that incentivize conservation practices and even increase tolerance of dangerous animals. The questions below are intended to evaluate these types of benefits.

Having this information empowers a hunter to respond to critics. Imagine you are on a flight. You chat with your seatmate. He asks why you are going to that place. You tell him-you're going to hunt a lion, or a zebra, or a markhor, etc. Your seatmate frowns. He hates "trophy hunting," and thinks it is a horrible, wasteful thing. How do you respond?

Having done your diligence, you offer far more than a basic argument about hunting benefits. You provide specifics. Does your seatmate know the area you are hunting is as large as Yosemite National Park? That it invests x-dollars each year in anti-poaching, and company scouts arrested x-number of poachers last year? That the hunting operator employs x-number of rural residents in a country with over 70% unemployment? That the local village did not kill a lion last year that had eaten a half-dozen cattle because of the school the hunting operator is building, and the compensation the operator paid out to the cattle owners? Or, does he know the area you are hunting is managed by a local tribal system that employs residents as game guards (x-number of them now)? These local residents obtain x-dollars per year-80% of the funds-from limited, sustainable hunting? Does he know this system has saved a species of wild goat from near extinction?

Put simply, if you ask the right questions, you are more than a hunter. You are a hunter-conservationist. You know your contribution will make a positive difference for the future of the species and hunting destination. Your diligence and decision-making now will pave the way for population growth, further sustainable use, and support better trophies in the future.

Potential questions about legality

Incidents like that in Tajikistan underscore the importance of checking and re-checking your hunt paperwork. Potential questions include: Does the PH have your license in hand? Is each shooter individually licensed or permitted? (Generally, license privileges are not transferable among family or party members.) Does the area of the hunt match the area identified in the license? Is this the same area where you intended to hunt (and checked the sustainability of the hunt)? Is a quota in this area still available for use? Is the quota required to be noted on the license-and is it? Does the operator/PH's name and all dates match the details of your hunt? Are there any questionable typos, omissions, etc.? Is the issuing entity the appropriate entity to issue hunting licenses in the country/region?

In a similar vein, make sure to ask about other regulations that could apply to your trophy. Are there sex, age or size limits on lawful or exportable trophies such as length of tusk, horn curl length, body length, weight of antlers or tusks, etc.

Potential questions about non-detriment

Population numbers are a big part of the sustainability assessment, but they are not the only component. It is also important to know where the numbers came from, and what criteria are being used to determine the quota, as all of this must be explained to the FWS. Potential questions include: What is the population of the species in the hunt location? How is this estimate determined? Are there regular surveys or some other way of establishing the population level and trend? How reliable is this monitoring? What is the species' recent population trend? Is it at least stable in the hunt area? Ask for a copy of the most recent population survey and perhaps, the number of trophy age and sex.

What entity or authority sets the lawful hunting quota? What is the quota? What factors are considered in setting it? Are other offtakes (e.g., poaching, problem animal control) included in the computation/calculation? Is the quota area-based? How is it set relative to the population trend/growth rate and population goals? 

Is there a management plan for the species? Is there a coordinator and or implementing committee? Ask for a copy-you may find it fascinating.

If you can obtain any documentation of the population monitoring and quota-setting, that information can significantly assist the permit application process by giving us hard documentation to provide to the FWS.

Potential questions about enhancement

The benefits of a hunt vary by species, country, area and type of management system. The questions below will not apply in every context. Different types of land ownership or tenure will raise different questions-the benefits from a wood bison hunt in Canada and a lion hunt in Mozambique will obviously differ. But you may wish to ask about the hunting's contributions and the operator's investment in the species' survival.


This lion from Mozambique will serve as a test for import permits for that range nation's lion population.

Potential questions include: How long has the operator or PH been in business? How long in this particular area or block? Ask for a copy of the concession agreement. Was this always a hunting/wildlife area, or was it used for something else? Is the operator current in any required reporting to the local or national wildlife authority? Ask for a copy of the last periodic operator report to the wildlife authority. What fees does the operator pay to the national wildlife authority for this hunt or species? 

Does the operator invest in any habitat or population development efforts (e.g., digging boreholes in dry climates, replanting in an area that has been cleared for agriculture, grading or burning to improve the cover, or restocking species)? Has the revenue from hunting encouraged the operator to stock any additional species, or increase the population of a species? Does the operator manage the species in any way?

How is the poaching controlled? What is the operator's commitment to anti-poaching? Does the company maintain a scout team? How are they trained and equipped? How often do they patrol? Who pays for these scouts? Does the operator contribute towards national or local law enforcement efforts? How? Does the operator contribute towards local community anti-poaching efforts or village rangers? How? Does the operator contribute to anti-poaching in any other ways (e.g., aerial surveillance, informer rewards, etc.)?

Are there rural communities in the area or nearby? What is the operator's commitment to community employment and investment? Is this contractual, or voluntary? Are there any agreements related to this species?  (Get a copy.) What are the community's rights with respect to the hunting area? Do local communities participate in any of the decision-making in the area that will instill a proprietary interest in the species or responsible habitat stewardship?

How big is the camp staff? Are they local people?

Does the operator share revenues or fees with the community? What is the percentage rate and amount? Does the company have a policy of contributing any specific amount of funds to local villages? How is the contribution made-in cash or as projects? What are examples of recent projects? Does the operator contribute any hunted meat to local villages?

Does the operator assist local villages with any problem animal deterrence or control? How? How often? Does the operator maintain a compensation fund for damage to crops or livestock (or people!) caused by dangerous game? What are examples of recent disbursements? Are there issues with livestock grazing in this concession? How does the operator deal with this? 

If you obtain useful information, please share it with Conservation Force. Hunters know that hunting is a conservation tool. But much of the world does not. We need to document this fact to satisfy regulators. But we also need to share this information to educate those who do not understand the essential conservation role that lawful hunting plays in many range nations.

Check Your FWS-issued Permits for Errors!

In the past few months, Conservation Force has found errors in at least five import permits issued by the US Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS). The errors have included using the wrong permit form, listing a different country than where the trophy was taken, and writing an incorrect date of the hunt. Be sure to check your FWS import permit carefully once it issues! The FWS will revise a permit for free if the error is on their end. Simply submit a form 3-200-52.


Conservation Force 2017
2017
January National Geographic Portrays Lions as Savage Beasts
January Conservation Force Presents to State Legislators on Unlawful State Trophy Bans
January Convention on Biodiversity CoP 13
January Safari Hunting Brings Benefits: Opposing View
January FWS Makes Finding on Antis' Petition to Up-List All African Leopard to Endangered
January PHASA Presents Coenraad Vermaak Award to President of Conservation Force
February In Remembrance of Dr. Graham Child
February Conservation Force Adds Another Staff Attorney to Its Team
February Peter Hathaway Capstick Hunting Heritage Award
February Mongolia Argali Populations Stable and Increasing
March Conservation Force and Partners Demonstrate the Leopard Should Not Be Up-Listed, but Should Be De-Listed in the SADC Countries
April The Time Has Come for Congress to Take the Lead
April Renee Snider Joins Conservation Force Board of Directors
April FWS Finally Acts on Certain Zimbabwe Elephant Permits
April Moving Ahead with Conservation Force's Land Conservation Program
May Is the US Fish & Wildlife Service Acting Responsibly?
May Clarifying a Proposed Lion Cull on the Bubye Valley Conservancy
May Strategies to Effectively Handle the Next Cecil
June Wanted: Test Permit Applications for Cape Mountain Zebra and Canadian Wood Bison
June Conservation Force Submits Two ESA Petitions to Expedite Imports of Species Down-Listed at CITES CoP17
June Taking Permitting Issues to The Top - Letter to Secretary Zinke
June Five 'Wildlife Protection' Organizations Petition to List Giraffe Under 'Endangered'
June Tanzania Revises Tourist Hunting Regulations to Export Leopard Trophies
July Getting an Enhancement Import Permit Requires Asking the Right Questions Before A Hunt
July Important Issues at Upcoming CITES 29th Animals Committee Meeting
July In Memoria of Theunis Botha
August A Tribute to Bert Klineburger, Father of International Hunting
September Successful Participation in 29th Animals Committee Meeting
September Conservation Force Makes a Compelling Argument on Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Imports before the FWS Director
September Conservation Force Responds to USAID Study on How To Combat Illegal Wildlife Trafficking


Conservation Force 2016
2016
January The Value of Conservation Hunting Explained through Conservation Force's Three-Part Formula
February FWS Issues First Tajik Markhor Permit, Recognizing Conservation Benefits of Tajikistan’s Community Conservancy Program
February Polar Bear Five-Year Status Review – Perhaps a Chance to Reevaluate the Threatened Listing
February FWS Lists the African Lion
March Zimbabwe Finalizes Its National Elephant Action Plan
March The Importance of Community Based Conservation to the Future of Elephant Management in Zimbabwe
March The Role of Sport Hunting in Elephant Conservation
March Ranks Close Against Hunting of Captive Bred Lion: Scientists Act
April Cecil's Law and EU Declarations - What Is the Risk, Where Is the Truth?
May USFWS Accepting Comments on Reclassification of African Elephant as Endangered
May Lion (and Leopard) Workshops - Kasane, Lusaka, Maputo and Dar es Salaam
May Modernizing the Pittman-Robertson Act
June New Jersey Likely to Adopt Ban on Four of Big Five Trophies
June Statement to the Advisory Council on Wildlife Trafficking
June First Tier of Supporters
June Scientists Finally Disclose Cecil Not Lured from Park
July New Elephant Import Regulations By US Fish & Wildlife Service Go Into Effect
July New Jersey Bans State Residents' Possession and Import of Big Four Trophies
July Court Dismisses Suit Challenging Delta Airlines Trophy Embargo
July Black Rhino Hunting Permits Available Again in Namibia
July Michael Cassidy Elected to Head US Delegation of CIC
August Conservation Force Sues the State of New Jersey to Void Anti-Trophy Law
August Conservation Force Appeals Dismissal of Delta Lawsuit
August Conservation Force's Biggest Supporters
August More Onerous Trophy Seizure and Forfeiture Procedures Proposed
August Conservation Force Creates its First Chapter: Taxidermists For Conservation
September The Leopard in the Lime Light
September Why Do We Hunt?
September VICTORY in New Jersey Suit to Void Anti-Trophy Law
October New Jersey Trophy Ban Case Successfully Closed
October USFWS Makes Necessary Non-Detriment Findings for Import of Tajikistan Markhor
October IUCN World Conservation Congress in Hawaii (WCC)
October Cecil Rally a Flop
October New Jersey Senator Lesniak Proposes New Elephant Ban in the State
October Former Secretary General of CITES Calls for Support for Sustainable Use
November CITES Conference of the Parties 17: Decisions Affecting Hunting
November Communities on the Edge: How a Wildlife Trade Conference Denied a Role to Communities
December Study Documents Significant Hunting Operator Contributions to Wildlife & Communities


Conservation Force 2015
2015
January Two Recent Zimbabwe Elephant Workshops Should Prompt USFWS to Allow Hunting Trophy Imports Again
January Iconic Conservation Hero Ian Player Passes
January Status Report on Elephant Import Suspensions
January Trophy Seizures and Forfeitures by USFWS Continue
February Report on the CAMPFIRE Workshop in Zimbabwe
February Another Successful Sheep Show
March Dateline: Tanzania - Don’t Blame the Victim, Don’t Punish the Elephant – Conservation Force Argues the Tanzania Suspension at FWS
April It’s Simple: Hunting is Conservation
April Conservation Force’s Pre-Application to be an Accredited Land Trust is Accepted
April Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force Shows its True Colors
April New Corporate-Conservation Sponsor: Ripcord Travel Protection Program
April Congressional Action to Exempt Three Amigos from Permitting Upheld by Federal Court
May FWS Issues Two More Black Rhino Import Permits
May Antis File Petition to List All Elephant as Endangered
May EU Trophy Import Permits Now Required
May Electronic Registration of Firearms and Ammo for International Travel
May U.S. Customs and Border Protection Website Information
May Two More Negative Elephant Import Decisions Made By FWS
May From Safari Club International Foundation
June Highlights from the Fifth Meeting of the Advisory Council on Wildlife Trafficking
June More on the CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World
June Airlines Embargo Trophies
June Australia Bans Lion Imports
June Two Anti-Hunting Organizations File Separate Suits to Stop Import of Black Rhino Trophies
June Conservation Force Hosts Sebungwe Workshop
July What's Going on Within Conservation Force, and Much More You Need to Know
July Whose Elephants Are They? - Part Two: Lessons from the Sebungwe (Zimbabwe)
July Update on Airline Trophy Embargoes
July Free Legal Aide to Import 2015 Tanzania Elephant Trophies
August Significant Suspensions of Trophy Imports Under New EU Regulations
August Release of IUCN Red List
August European Union Accession to CITES
August Two Past CITES Secretariat Generals Urge CITES Action on Airline Embargoes
August Conservation Force Facebook Page Up and Running
September Cecil-Mania: Setting the Record Straight
October South Africa: The Brewing Storm: New, Compounding Threats to Wildlife Conservation
October Rupert Brown Joins Board of Advisors
October PETA Enhancement Suit Dismissed
October CITES Matters: Next Conference, Polar Bears, Lions
October Longtime Conservation Partner Robin Hurt Warns of Inappropriate Reaction to Cecil Incident
November Proposed New Elephant Import Regulations
November Airline Embargoes Contrary to Public Policy and Law
November Review of Lions in the Balance
November Conservation Force and Partners Sue Delta to End the Illegal Trophy Embargo
December The Measure of Safari Hunting's Positive Impact upon Communities - More than the Media Reports


Conservation Force 2014
2014
January Firestorm Email Attacks by Media and Antis
January CIC Milan 61st General Assembly/Crime Summit
January USFWS Re-Notices Proposed ESA Downlisting of Markhor
January Markhor Import Permit Appeal
January Hunter Proud Foundation & Osprey Filming Company
January Intervention in Latest Three Amigos Suit
February Antis’ Antics Have Perverse Negative Effect on Rhino Conservation
March Speech Upon Receiving the Houston Safari Club International Hunter of the Year Award
March Hunting: A Great Debate
April Illegal Wildlife Trade and Poaching
April Conservation Force Solves Liberia Trophy Import Problems
April Elephant Hair and Skin Bracelets Importable
April Conservation Force First Quarter 2014 Report
May USFWS Implements Catastrophic Suspension of Elephant Imports from Tanzania and Zimbabwe
May Letter to USFWS from Robin Hurt
June First Formal Action on Elephant Import Suspension Taken by Conservation Force
July Import Permits Issued for Sulaiman Markhor of Torghar Project
July Trophy Definition to Again Include Worked, Manufactured or Handicraft Items
July Comments Opposing Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Import Suspension
July USFWS Produces Letter of Inquiry to Tanzania on Elephant Populations
August Status of Elephant Import Suspensions for Zimbabwe and Tanzania
August The True Status of White Rhino Populations
August Win the Wild, A Fictionalized Account of How South Africa Reclaimed Its Wildlife Heritage
September Final Zim Finding: Most and Best Available Information Ignored
October Dateline: Africa: Facts About Elephant Enhancement in Tanzania
October Tanzania: Elephant Up, Poaching Down
October CIC Caprinae Atlas of the World Available in USA
October Memorial Donation
October What Listings the Protectionists Want at the Next CITES CoP
November Founding Conservation Force Board Member Donald Lindsay Passes
November Dateline Pakistan: USFWS Special Rule Downlists All Straight-Horned Markhor to Threatened
November The Role of Trophy Hunting in the Downlisting of Straight-horned Markhor
December Conservation Force & Partners Refute Negative USFWS Enhancement Finding on Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Imports
December USFWS Rejects Request for Reconsideration of Tanzania Permit Denials
December Revealed: USFWS “Information” that “Poaching Levels are Increasing” in Zimbabwe are Merely News Articles and Anecdotal Reports
December ESA 12-Month Finding and Proposal to List all Lion as Threatened


Conservation Force 2013
2013
January US Fish and Wildlife Service Announces 90-Day Finding on ESA Listing for African Lion
February Why Hunt Wild Cats: Arguments Previously Made By USFWS and African Nations
March World Conservation Force Bulletin Enters Its 18th Year
March Mozambique and Cameroon Hippo Trade Suspended by CITES
March Final Findings of National Survey Reports A Record Number of Big Game Hunters
March 2012 Zambia Elephant Trophy Imports Approved
March On Receiving The Peter Hathaway Capstick Hunting Heritage Award
April A CITES CoP16 Report: Key Wins, Some Losses for the Hunting Community
April What Was Truly at Stake with the Polar Bear Proposal
May USFWS Grants First Black Rhino Import Permit
May Evaluating Namibia’s Rhino Program
May Rhino Populations Grow Despite Poaching
June CIC General Assembly Adopts Recommendations for African Lion and White Rhino
June Double Quotas Not Yet Resolved in USA
June Equal Allocation of New Mexico Nonresident Licenses for Rocky Mountain and Desert Bighorn Sheep, Oryx and Ibex Challenged Again
June Wood Bison Cases Still in Court
June Black Rhino Public Education
July USFWS Denies Petitions to Remove Private, Captive Populations of Species from ESA: Scimitar-horned Oryx, Dama Gazelle and Addax Denied
July Polar Bear Litigation Developments
July Finally, All Gray Wolves Proposed for Removal from ESA
July Status of the Petition to List the Lion as Endangered: African Lion Workshop
August Court Turns Deaf Ear to Polar Bear Enhancement Permit Applicants for Gulf of Boothia
August Newly Published Monograph on Hunting & Conservation
August Family Hunts Under One License are Illegal
August Wildlife for the 21st Century, Volume IV
September Downlisting of Straight-Horned Markhor Delayed; USFWS to Issue Revised Proposed Rule to Reclassify Species Under ESA
September New Trophy Seizure Issues Arise
September New Mexico Nonresident Terk Case Revving Up
September Polar Bear Listing Now Before US Supreme Court
October US Fish & Wildlife Lists White Rhino as Threatened
October Two Articles on Black Rhino Trophy Imports
October Defense of Terk Decision Needs Support
October Two Colorado State Senators Recalled for Passage of Firearms Restrictions
October Cheetah Numbers Increasing
November US Supreme Court Denies Polar Bear Writ
November Court Should Hold Feds Accountable for Questionable ESA Listing
November Succession and Development: “What will We Do When You are Gone?
November Black Rhino Auction: A Dream Come True
December Unintended Consequences May Arise from Presidential Executive Order to Combat Wildlife Trafficking
December The Crush: Whose Ivory was Destroyed and Will It Truly Curtail Poaching?
December Climate Change Used to Reopen Wolverine Listing Proposal
December Conservation Force Wins FOIA Suit for Records Revealing Why USFWS Stalled Markhor Downlisting
December Suit Threatens Three Amigos Permitting Process; Conservation Force and Allied Organizations to Intervene


Conservation Force 2012
2012
January HSUS Threatens Conservation Force’s Asian Projects and Partners
January Markhor III Suit Filed to Compel 12-Month Downlisting Finding
January Serious Irregularities in Administrative Records and Scientific Findings
January Can You Offer for Sale or Sell an “Endangered” Listed Species Without a Permit?
February Conservation Force Partners with SAVE Valley Conservancy
February New Mexico Further Restricts Nonresident Hunting
February An Open Letter to Ranchers and Hunters of ESA Listed Exotics in The US
March Trophy Seizure Threat Reaches New High; USFWS Conduct Reaches New Low
March Some Court Success in Seizure Cases
March New Study Quantifies the Importance of Lion Hunting
March Onsite Report: The Etosha Meeting of African Lion Working Group
March Conservation Force Legal Action Update
April USF&WS Proposes New CITES Regulations
April Update on Three Amigos: Dama Gazelle, Addax and Scimitar-horned Oryx
April CF Board Members Selected To Important IUCN Posts
April Help Needed For Conservation Force Intern Program
May Wood Bison II Litigation Successfully Concluded: Court Overturns USFWS Enhancement Permit Denials
May Markhor III Suit Settled
June Dr. James Teer, Founding Member of Conservation Force, Dies
June Canadian Wood Bison Downlisted! Trophies Now Importable
July National Fish & Wildlife Conservation Congress in Canada
July Hunting for an Acceptable Image: Building Public Acceptance for Sustainable Use of Wildlife
July USFWS Considering Positions for CITES CoP16
July Antis Again Challenge “Trophy” Definition
August Promising Polar Bear Developments: Scientists Stand Corrected
August Last Brief in Markhor I Suit Filed
August Power Outages – Shortfalls
September Success! USFWS Proposes the Downlisting & Importation of Torghar Markhor Without an ESA Import Permit
October The National Survey Shows Increase in Hunters and Big Game Hunting
October South Africa’s Protected Area Act of 2003 Hurts Wildlife & Habitats
October CIC President Bernard Lozé: “Banning Lion Hunting Endangers The Survival of Lions in the Wild!”
October Update on Our Freedom of Information Act Suits
November CITES CoP16 Proposals Published: White Rhino, Polar Bear, Elephant, Pyrenean Chamois, Leopard Permits
November Remarks of Deborah Lyons, Deputy Head of Mission, at the Inuit Delegation - Polar Bear Reception at Embassy of Canada, Washington, D.C., September 20, 2012
November 3 Amigos: USFWS Makes 90-Day Finding to Review Downlisting Those Species in USA
November PH Stu Taylor Recovery Fund Established
December Worked Elephant Ivory Tusks Not Importable: US Court Holds Import Violated Four Laws and Orders Forfeiture of Zimbabwe Elephant Tusk
December Waning Status of Hunting-Based Conservation in Botswana: Latest Developments
December Bill Poole Enshrined Into the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame


Conservation Force 2011
2011
January Court Rules No Fees Due in Permit Cases
January Delays & Revelations In Wood Bison Suit
February A Step-by-Step Guide On Who Is Responsible For What
February Billy Ray Parnell Purple Heart Program
March Wood Bison Initiative Enters Final Stage
March Lead Issue Taken to Court
March Both Markhor Cases Moving Forward
March Zambia Initiative Success
April Africa: Antis Petition Listing Of African Lion on ESA
April Success in Iran
April Scientists Recant Tipping Point Theory That Doomed the Polar Bear
April Plains Bison Listing Petition Denials
April The Osprey Filming Company
May Special Coverage On Polar Bear: Sustainable Use On Trial
June Special Coverage On Elephant Imports: Challenging The USFWS Definition of “Trophy”
July USFWS Makes Positive Markhor Finding
July New Eruption Atop Mountain of Seizures
July USFWS Enforces Validation Requirement On CITES Permits
July Pakistan Export Permits Don’t Have a Validation Section
August US District Court Denies All Challenges to Listing the Polar Bear as “Threatened”
August Permit Exclusions Eliminated for “The Three Amigos”
September Important Developments at 25th Meeting of the CITES Animals Committee
September Abusive Use of Polar Bear Drowning Misinformation
September Cheetah Import Permits Denied Again
October Special Coverage: Getting To The Root Of The Trophy Seizure Crisis – The History and Genesis Of The Problem
November District Court Denies Relief In Zambia
and Mozambique Elephant Import Suits
December Success! Zambia Elephant Import Permits Issued By USFWS
December Update on Seizure and Forfeiture Crisis


Conservation Force 2010
2010
January Special Report: Addressing The US Trophy Seizure Crisis
February Federal Court Rules Hunters’ Interests In Trophies Not Legally Protected
March CF Creates Permanent Litigation Division
March Special Report: Conservation Force Chairman Receives International Statesman Award
March Briefly Noted
April Conservation Force Institutes Industry-Commercial Services Sponsorships
April Briefly Noted
April Dr. Dale Toweill Joins Conservation Force Board of Advisors
May Special Report: Focus On CITES CoP15
June 57th CIC General Assembly: Expanding Scope, Participation & Influence
June Briefly Noted
July The Supreme Court Invalidates Overly Broad Cruelty Law In Light of the Acceptability of Hunting
August Status of Wood Bison Suits Against USFWS
September The Important Historical Role of Hunters To Both Public and Private Land Conservation
September Pakistan: New Markhor Down-listing Petition Filed
October CBD Pushes To Ban All Lead Ammo & Fish Gear
November Important New Development in Trophy Seizure Crisis
November Anticlimactic Polar Bear Court Hearing
December A Tool For Lion Hunters: The Pocket Guide To Aging Lions
December Polar Bear Listing Cases Status
December St. Petersburg Hosts 58th CIC General Assembly


Conservation Force 2009
2009
January 2008 In Review Bio-political Developments
February Crisis Over Trophies In Transit Resolved
February Two Important Legal Actions
March Lion Campaign Kicks Off In The Nick of Time
March Polar Bear Update: Law Suit Sets New Precedent On Listings
March Briefly Noted
April "Challenges and Solutions for the Conservation of Lions and Other Large Carnivores in Sub-Saharan Africa" February 17th-18th Maroua, Cameroon
May Trophy Seizures & Forfeiture Crisis: Problems and Resolutions
May Briefly Noted
June Cheetah & Black-faced Impala Permits Denied
June Briefly Noted
July National Action Plans Save Lion Initiative
July Briefly Noted
August Tanzania To Enforce Age Limits On Trophy Lions
August Three Antelope Case A Win For Conservation
August Briefly Noted
September The Unrealized Potential of Conservation Hunting
September North America: Latest Developments On Polar Bear
October Mozambique: Niassa Elephant Trophy
November Africa: Suit Filed Over Zambia Elephant Import Permits
November Arctic: USF&WS Proposes CITES Uplist Polar Bear
November Polar Bear Lawsuits Challenging the Listing Decision
December Special Report: African Lion Spared the CITES Axe, For Now
December Bill Poole: “A Lion of a Man”
December Special Report: CITES Proposals for CoP15, March 2010


Conservation Force 2008
2008
January CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
January Polar Bear Developments
February Conservation News Developments
March Breaking News On Argali Draws
April Polar Bear Decision: Some Thoughts About That Continuing Delay
April CAMEROON: All About The New CAMNARES Program
May Conversation Force to Intervene
May Briefly Noted
June Polar Bear Listing: Assessing The Impact And Mapping A Way Forward
June CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
August Update On Kashmir Markhor
August Polar Bear Imports: Immediate Ban Upheld
August A Word About The Bob Kern Trial
September Study Analyzes Work Of NGO’s In African Wildlife Conservation
September Tanzania: Elephant Permit Crisis Averted
September Briefly Noted
October New Efforts To Reverse The Polar Bear Listing
October USF&WS Seizing Some Utilitarian Trophy Items
November Nation-by-Nation Plans To Save African Lion
November Hunting For Truth: Why Rationalizing The Ritual Must Fail
November Briefly Noted
November USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
November Leadership, People and Science
December USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
December Briefly Noted


Conservation Force 2007
2007
January Largest Hunting Development in the World
January Philippe Chardonnet Elected to Conservation Force Board
January PHASA AGM: An On-Site Report
February Polar Bear and Trophy Imports Both In Jeopardy
March A Second Threat to Polar Bear Import
March Guide To Aging Lions Is Now Available
March Briefly Noted
April Understanding The Issues And Proposals
April Our Polar Bear Comment: A Report
June Namibia: Help Is Available On Seized Leopards
June Belgrade: All About The Latest CIC General Assembly
June Special Report: New Conservation DVD Is Getting Attention
June CITES Meeting: The Latest Developments
June What Do You Say To A Liberal Intellectual Who Has Never Hunted?
July What Really Happened at CITES COP14 In The Hague
August Markhor Import Denial Raises Big Questions
September White House Orders National Hunting Conference
October Reflections On 10 Years Of Conservation Force
October Bear Listing Proposal: USGS Releases Reports
November Petitions to Free Siezed Trophies Successful
November Polar Bear Crisis Heats Up
November Briefly Noted
December Important Development in Markhor Conservation
December A Commentary On The National Geographic Article About “Hunters: For Love of the Land”


Conservation Force 2006
2006
January Highlights of 2005
February Protectionist File Suit To List All Polar Bear Under the Endangered Species Act
March ESA Listing Pending Polar Bear Crisis Is Growing
April The Real Significance If Polar Bear Are Listed
May One Important Nonresident Rights Case Continues
June Comment On “Draft Norms & Standards for the Regulations of the Hunting Industry in South Africa
July Symposium May Affect The Future Of Hunting; Progress Reported On Black Faced Impala
August Assessing The Impact Of Interior Dept. Turnover
September Mozambique Elephant Trophy Import Permit Applications Denied
October BC Bear Report And “Stricter Domestic Measures:” An Analysis Of The Connections
November UK Meetings Focus On Hunting/Conservation
December Wildlife ‘Compact’ Has Downsides / Gala Tanzania Banquet / Last Nonresident Suit


Conservation Force 2005
2005
January The End of Nonresident Hunting Rights
February African Elephant Downlisted to Vulnerable
March Southwest Alaska Profile In Conservation
April The Truth About That Polar Bear Petition
May The Legally Structured Role of Hunting and Fishing in the US and Abroad
June Nonresidents Stripped of Constitutional Rights in Congress
July Black Rhino Hunting Development
August Elephant Hunting Is Fully Open In Zambia / Getting A Handle On “Sustainable Use”
September Russia: The “Real Skinny On That Hunting Closure
October Hurricane Katrina Threatens Conservation Force
October USFW&S Denies Permits For Black-Faced Impala
November First African Lion Workshops Are Successful; IUCN Polar Bear Listing Upgraded
December US Lists New Foreign Species As Endangered


Conservation Force 2004
2004
January Permits To Import Certain Endangered Species Understanding That Draft Trophy Import Policy Change
February Musings of an Old Hunter
March Giant Saltwater Crocodile Hunting May Open
April Who Said What: A Compendium Of Comments
May African Lion Targeted At CITES Meeting
June The Truth About Senator John Kerry
June Two Hunters’ Legacies
July Argali Suit Finally Finished: Positive Gains
July Case Study of a Man-Eating Lion Killing 35 People
September Cats/Canids Bill Introduced; NRA To Push Hunting; Important CITES COP 13 Developments
October Will Lion Hunting Survive? And More....
November What Really Happened At COP13
December More To Come On African Lion


Conservation Force 2003
2003
January On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
February Conservation of the African Lion: Contribution to a Status Survey
March A Reflection on Positive Developments
April DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC, News Analysis, The Argali Case: Court, Hears Mongolia's Appeal
May Conservation News Briefs - A Special Tribute To Gunbearers
June What You Need To Know About Trophy Imports
July Insights From Wildlife Conflict Studies, A Different Perspective For Problem Solving
August How Many Hunters Are There, Really?
September The Antis’ Argali Suit Has Been Dismissed
October Update On The Argali Case
November The Political Future
December Antis Tell Court They Would Rather See Elephants Euthanized Than in a Zoo


Conservation Force 2002
2002
January The Truth About That British Columbia Grizzly Bear “Ban”
February DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - Cameroon Elephant Permits Denied
March SPECIAL REPORT - New USF & WS Director
April The Saga of the Saiga
May The Role And Value Of Hunting
June On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
July Special Report: The Argali Suit - Part I
August Special Report: A Preview Of COP 12
September Zimbabwe Hunting Will Continue – But Zimbabwe Needs You Now
October Understanding Trophy Hunting: A Powerful Conservation Tool
November London March to Save Hunting Breaks All Records
December Santiago, Chile - What Really Happened At CITES COP 12


Conservation Force 2001
2001
March Idaho Approves Nonresident Moose Hunting: A Practical Lesson In Our Democracy
April Special Report On Hunting Why We Do It; Its Conservation Benefits
May Antis Sue To Stop All Argali Trophy Imports
June The Very Latest On That Argali Suit
July Why We Hunt: - Two Important Perspectives
August The Animal Rights 2001 Conference - Terrorism And A Radical Agenda At A Hilton Hotel
September Legal Matters - Update On The Argali Lawsuit
October DATELINE: WASHINGTON Mongolia, Others Denied Role In Argali Lawsuit
November DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - European Trophy Crisis Is Narrowly Averted
December People And Predators. Can They Live Together?




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