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First Formal Action on Elephant Import Suspension Taken by Conservation Force

Written By John J. Jackson III, Conservation Force Chairman & President
(posted June 2014)
 
On May 16th, Conservation Force filed a joint Request for Reconsideration of Tanzania elephant import permit applications that have been denied by the US Fish & Wildlife Service. It is the first of a two-prong approach that Conservation Force is taking after a month of exploring the underlying issues of the import suspension. The second prong is taking remedial steps in the field to correct the problems, which is most important.

The three permits to import Tanzania elephant trophies were denied April 4th and May 7th. The deadline to administratively challenge the denials of April 4th was just days beyond the filing. We have been racing night and day since April 4th to identify the issues, amass information to satisfy the issues and to timely file the first step in the administrative appeal process for the benefit of all.

This is the normal way to proceed to challenge a ban or suspension. It is the way we have been opening and successfully expanding elephant hunting for 25 years. The courts with rare exception require a complainant to file for a permit and fully exhaust the administrative appeals process to a Final determination before the import permit applicant has standing to sue and the court has jurisdiction to adjudicate a case. The process provides the USFWS with an opportunity to self-correct its error, provides the submission of documentary evidence for USFWS to change its mind, and provides evidence for the court to consider after the course of the administrative appeal process.

The Request for Reconsideration is the right of any permit applicant when an import permit has been denied. After that is decided, if still denied, then the permit applicant can appeal to the Director of USFWS as well as ask for oral argument before the Director. Over the past 25 years we have done this for thousands of permit applicants for everything from elephant to cheetah. Each stage better defines and narrows the issues. Those issues become the information target for the next level of appeal. It is not only necessary before filing suit, it can be faster than filing suit, which can be delayed for years with motions over threshold issues without ever reaching the merits. That is exactly what is happening with SCI’s suit right now. The USFWS has filed a Motion to Dismiss that case on threshold issues that the organization is not a permit applicant and, even if one or more members are applicants, they have not exhausted the administrative appeals process where the issues are likely to be resolved without ever reaching court.

The joint request has been filed by Conservation Force, acting as the authorized legal representative of the applicants. It is the applicants’ appeal; we are just providing the pro bono services because of the public-conservation interest in solving the underlying problems. The Request has a 21-page Information Document attached, which in turn has 100 documents with thousands of pages attached. It has been a massive undertaking within little more than a month, but we are still collecting expert documentation for a second submission and the next level of administrative appeal, if necessary. We are working cooperatively with USFWS in this process because there are underlying problems with excessive poaching that Tanzanian authorities readily admit. If something is not done, there may not be any elephant to hunt and import. No one recognizes the poaching crisis more than Tanzania itself, though they have gotten an unexpected and unwanted response from USFWS.

It is unfortunate that USFWS did not notify the hunting community or Tanzania of the suspension beforehand or better, try to solve the issues first. It is also a substantial handicap that USFWS did not send an inquiry or questionnaire to Tanzania before or even to this date, which is the usual protocol and just plain prudent. We have been able to get both the negative non-detriment advice issued by the Division of Scientific Authority and negative enhancement finding issued by the Division of Management Authority. This has been our guide to issues that must be addressed. We also gained some insight from Freedom of Information Act requests that we rushed out at the inception. We have learned that USFWS had decided to suspend imports from both countries before January 9th, 2014 because of written internal communications from the Director of International Affairs to the Director of USFWS. USFWS at that early date intended to advise Dallas Safari Club, SCI and Conservation Force according to internal memos, but never did. We can only speculate what would have happened had they informed us before the convention season as intended or if they had consulted with the two respective countries before the suspension. We are working with the hand that was dealt.

Many of the 100 documents are new materials that USFWS had not considered when making its negative non-detriment advice and enhancement findings. The information should go a long way towards lifting the suspension that the USFWS now refers to an “interim” determination, not a final determination of suspension for 2014.

We produced hard documentary proof that one exemplary operator expends approximately $500,000 dollars a year in anti-poaching. We discovered that one of the most important aerial surveys upon which the estimated elephant decline was based had skipped a significant area and covered other parts only lightly. It is not a comparable or reliable measure of decline. We were able to demonstrate that the count of elephant carcasses and their appearance suggests the escalation in poaching was arrested over two years ago, which means the elephant decline has turned around. The elephant skeletons/carcasses are more than 24 months old and what new ones exist are fewer than the natural death rate. This is good news.

The USFWS has approved elephant trophy import permits from Tanzania for 22 years, since my suit in 1992. The import permits have been based on positive DMA and DSA determinations, which have been largely based on intergovernmental communications and secondarily, from submissions of applicants, often with information from Conservation Force. When and if International Affairs has needed more or updated information, the DMA or DSA has requested the information from the Tanzanian authorities and simultaneously advised Tanzania it required the information and precisely what information it needed.

In this instance, no notice, warning, or inquiry was made to Tanzania before the negative findings. No inquiry was made of the Applicants, who were instead misadvised in a written acknowledgment that their applications were complete and they would be contacted if any further information was necessary.

As of the date of the Request for Reconsideration, no inquiry for additional information had been made to Tanzania or the Applicants. Tanzania does not even have a letter of inquiry as has been the longstanding practice or a courtesy notice of the pending permit denials. At the very least, the information attached to our Request for Reconsideration should be given every consideration because this is the first opportunity to address unknown issues and the USFWS’ misperceptions arising from anecdotal information.

The Republic of Tanzania has the most up-to-date National Elephant Management Plan in Africa, adopted in 2010 and effective through 2015. With the exception of Kenya, no other country’s plan is anywhere near as up-to-date as Tanzania. For example, Namibia’s plan is dated 2007. Zimbabwe’s plan is dated 1997. Botswana’s plan and Zambia’s plan are each dated 2003. Only Kenya has a current plan that extends from 2012-2021. Tanzania also conducts regular elephant surveys and has developed substantial internal survey capacity uncommon in the developing countries. It had and probably still maintains the second largest elephant population in the world. It has succeeded in preserving the largest amount of protected habitat in Africa, approximately 36% of the country. Thirty-eight Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) are soon to add an additional 7% of the country as land managed for conservation. Currently, 17 WMAs make up 3% of the country, with 21 being registered for another 4% (WWF-Tanzania, Tanzania’s Wildlife Management Areas, 2012 Status Report). Combined, 43% of the country is managed for wildlife.

Tanzania has over 1,000 rangers or game scouts, and in 2014 is adding 930 more (500, then 430). Although it has been one of the largest exporters of illegal ivory in the midst of the current unprecedented Africa-wide ivory trafficking crisis, it also is the seaport gateway for eight land-locked countries, has four international airports, and has had the largest number of elephant and habitat excepting land-locked Botswana. A great deal of the country’s record amount of habitat is held in 150 hunting blocks and 38 developing WMAs. Tourist safari hunting is a major part of Tanzania’s anti-poaching strategy. Each of the 150 hunting blocks and the 38 developing WMAs must do anti-poaching and CBNRM. Most of the game scouts are supplied directly or indirectly through hunting.

Tanzania is not unique to have an ivory poaching and trafficking problem, but it is the leader in addressing the problem. (Witness the Summit on Stopping Wildlife Crime and Advancing Wildlife Conservation, Dar es Salaam, May 9 and 10, 2014.) A large part of the conservation world leadership is helping Tanzania authorities contend with the unprecedented and unexpected rise in poaching to crisis level. The fact remains that no one is doing more to control the unprecedented poaching arising from unprecedented demand.

Because of an unprecedented Asian demand, poaching has been more than anticipated. That said, Tanzania has been addressing the issues as they have become known. In the past four years, Tanzania has stepped up its programs. In 2014, without any knowledge that USFWS would threaten the hunting components of its programs, Tanzania has raised its anti-poaching and management efforts to exceptional levels. It is in the process of doubling its game scouts by adding 930 within months, increasing its WMAs by 21 areas to a total of 7% of the country (building community incentives and an army of village game scouts, and protecting corridors), returning to its Retention Funding system, organizing a UNDP Basket Fund, establishing the new Wildlife Authority, creating a ranger Disciplinary Board, Code of Conduct, and more. Tourist safari hunting has been a primary tool in Tanzania’s anti-poaching arsenal. It serves as an essential user-pay mechanism for survival in the war on poaching, which the Minister has made clear is not optional.

It follows that the suspension is untimely. Tanzania appears to have already turned the surprise crisis around after 2,000 arrests, confiscation of over 1,000 firearms, and several military and paramilitary campaigns.

The extreme rise in demand for ivory was unprecedented and unforeseeable, but Tanzania is measuring up. There is a wealth of hard documents and real actions to attest to the facts.

The USFWS has concluded that the sport hunting take is additive because the elephant population is declining, i.e. more elephant are dying and being killed than are being born. We point out that this conclusion is too simplistic because the benefits from the hunting make it a net gain in population. More animals and their habitat are conserved than are taken. For example, one exemplary hunting operator funds approximately $500,000 a year in anti-poaching in the heart of the top elephant area. Imagine how many elephant that has saved and what elephant would exist without the habitat alone.

We also point out that the quota in Tanzania compared to the ratio of elephant is far less than in Namibia where the elephant population is 20,546 and the quota is 90 elephant, and in RSA where the population is 22,889 and the quota is 150 elephant. If the estimate is correct in Tanzania, the population is over 70,000 and the quota is only 200 elephant, but because of added length and weight restrictions averages 36% of the 200. Moreover, older bulls are biologically surplus unless an extreme number are taken.

The second prong of our approach is taking action on the ground in Tanzania to deter poaching and conserve the elephant. In the past month Conservation Force has participated in the Elephant Summit in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania entitled Stopping Wildlife Crime & Advancing Wildlife Conservation: A Call to Action where more than 15 action items were decided upon:

Priority Actions to Stop Wildlife Poaching in Tanzania

Action Item 1: Creation of the Tanzania Wildlife Authority (TAWA).

Action Item 2: Recruitment of 900 additional rangers in 2014, with an additional approximately 1,000 recruited each year until the need is met at 5,000 by 2018.

Action Item 3: Establishment of a Disciplinary Board to review and enforce Ranger Code of Conduct.


Actions to Stop Illegal Wildlife Trafficking

Action Item 1: Establishment of an Inter-Ministerial Task Force, including Ministries of Home Affairs, Transport, and Natural Resources and Tourism, with a clear direct lead Ministry to coordinate training and enforcement of wildlife laws to stop poaching and smuggling of wildlife.

Action Item 2: Registry and annual inspection of all Government-held ivory stocks by engaging independent third party audits.


Actions to Engage Community Conservation: Governance

Action Item 1: Establishing a joint MNRT – Ministry of Local Government Task Force to better define “devolution of authority to local communities” in the context of wildlife and natural resource conservation at the community level and improve governance and coordination of all wildlife and natural resource conservation community efforts at the district level through clear lines of duties and responsibilities among relevant district / ward / village institutions.

Action Item 2: Conduct a review of wildlife hotspots outside of protected areas with an aim to employ appropriate measures to engage community conservation efforts. Actions to Engage Community Conservation: Benefit Sharing

Action Item 1: Request to the Tanzanian Parliament to – at the appropriate time – undertake a review of how Tanzanian tax policies may facilitate conservation practices in Tanzania, with particular reference to tax relief to public and private entities engaged in conservation.

Action Item 2: MNRT to establish a Commission to review and recommend measures by which Tanzanian wildlife tourism, including consumptive and non-consumptive activities, may better contribute to wildlife conservation in a transparent and demonstrable manner.


Citizen Commitment Against Wildlife Crime and for Wildlife Conservation

Action Item 1: Joint Statement by Leading Faith Organizations to “Stop Wildlife Crime and Engage in Wildlife Conservation.”

Action Item 2: Establishment of the Tanzanian Alliance for Religion and Conservation.


Citizen Engagement – Industry and Media Leaders

Action Item: Establishment of the Tanzanian Natural Resources Stewardship Council.

Regional Partnerships in Combating Wildlife Poaching and Illicit Trade

Action Item: Regional Conference to be held in Arusha in October 2014 to enhance regional cooperation in combating wildlife crime.


Global Coordination to Curb Demand for Wildlife Products & Advance Wildlife Conservation

Action Item 1: A Partnership Framework to be signed by global partners

Action Item 2: A Basket Fund to support implementation of actions – dialogue on establishment of the fund to be led by the United Nations Development Programme.

A special debt of gratitude is owed to the Tanzania Minister of Natural Resources and Tourism and the International Congressional Caucus Foundation, both of whom invited Conservation Force to this important Summit to stop illegal elephant trafficking from the point of poaching to the point of consumption.

We also attended CIC’s Conference in Milan, Italy and participated in its special program on illegal wildlife trade. There we made plans for and financial commitment to starting a German-sponsored anti-poaching program in the Selous to cost more than $8 million. Our commitment is to ingest enough funding to start it this year rather than wait until 2015.

We also met with representatives of the Frankfurt Zoological Society to partner with them to place two experts on the ground in the Selous for one full year to instruct the game scouts in the most up-to-date (and, I might add, most impressive) technologies to control poaching.

We also met with the Director and Minister of Natural Resources and Tourism and pledged to fund an aerial survey of the Selous this year at the cost of $160,000 US dollars with the help of the Shikar Safari Club International Foundation that has become a significant supporter of Conservation Force and none too soon.

We are prepared to do more in Tanzania. The elephant must be saved and there can be no doubt this country should be a stronghold.


Conservation Force 2014
2014
January Firestorm Email Attacks by Media and Antis
January CIC Milan 61st General Assembly/Crime Summit
January USFWS Re-Notices Proposed ESA Downlisting of Markhor
January Markhor Import Permit Appeal
January Hunter Proud Foundation & Osprey Filming Company
January Intervention in Latest Three Amigos Suit
February Antis’ Antics Have Perverse Negative Effect on Rhino Conservation
March Speech Upon Receiving the Houston Safari Club International Hunter of the Year Award
March Hunting: A Great Debate
April Illegal Wildlife Trade and Poaching
April Conservation Force Solves Liberia Trophy Import Problems
April Elephant Hair and Skin Bracelets Importable
April Conservation Force First Quarter 2014 Report
May USFWS Implements Catastrophic Suspension of Elephant Imports from Tanzania and Zimbabwe
May Letter to USFWS from Robin Hurt
June First Formal Action on Elephant Import Suspension Taken by Conservation Force
July Import Permits Issued for Sulaiman Markhor of Torghar Project
July Trophy Definition to Again Include Worked, Manufactured or Handicraft Items
July Comments Opposing Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Import Suspension
July USFWS Produces Letter of Inquiry to Tanzania on Elephant Populations
August Status of Elephant Import Suspensions for Zimbabwe and Tanzania
August The True Status of White Rhino Populations
August Win the Wild, A Fictionalized Account of How South Africa Reclaimed Its Wildlife Heritage


Conservation Force 2013
2013
January US Fish and Wildlife Service Announces 90-Day Finding on ESA Listing for African Lion
February Why Hunt Wild Cats: Arguments Previously Made By USFWS and African Nations
March World Conservation Force Bulletin Enters Its 18th Year
March Mozambique and Cameroon Hippo Trade Suspended by CITES
March Final Findings of National Survey Reports A Record Number of Big Game Hunters
March 2012 Zambia Elephant Trophy Imports Approved
March On Receiving The Peter Hathaway Capstick Hunting Heritage Award
April A CITES CoP16 Report: Key Wins, Some Losses for the Hunting Community
April What Was Truly at Stake with the Polar Bear Proposal
May USFWS Grants First Black Rhino Import Permit
May Evaluating Namibia’s Rhino Program
May Rhino Populations Grow Despite Poaching
June CIC General Assembly Adopts Recommendations for African Lion and White Rhino
June Double Quotas Not Yet Resolved in USA
June Equal Allocation of New Mexico Nonresident Licenses for Rocky Mountain and Desert Bighorn Sheep, Oryx and Ibex Challenged Again
June Wood Bison Cases Still in Court
June Black Rhino Public Education
July USFWS Denies Petitions to Remove Private, Captive Populations of Species from ESA: Scimitar-horned Oryx, Dama Gazelle and Addax Denied
July Polar Bear Litigation Developments
July Finally, All Gray Wolves Proposed for Removal from ESA
July Status of the Petition to List the Lion as Endangered: African Lion Workshop
August Court Turns Deaf Ear to Polar Bear Enhancement Permit Applicants for Gulf of Boothia
August Newly Published Monograph on Hunting & Conservation
August Family Hunts Under One License are Illegal
August Wildlife for the 21st Century, Volume IV
September Downlisting of Straight-Horned Markhor Delayed; USFWS to Issue Revised Proposed Rule to Reclassify Species Under ESA
September New Trophy Seizure Issues Arise
September New Mexico Nonresident Terk Case Revving Up
September Polar Bear Listing Now Before US Supreme Court
October US Fish & Wildlife Lists White Rhino as Threatened
October Two Articles on Black Rhino Trophy Imports
October Defense of Terk Decision Needs Support
October Two Colorado State Senators Recalled for Passage of Firearms Restrictions
October Cheetah Numbers Increasing
November US Supreme Court Denies Polar Bear Writ
November Court Should Hold Feds Accountable for Questionable ESA Listing
November Succession and Development: “What will We Do When You are Gone?
November Black Rhino Auction: A Dream Come True
December Unintended Consequences May Arise from Presidential Executive Order to Combat Wildlife Trafficking
December The Crush: Whose Ivory was Destroyed and Will It Truly Curtail Poaching?
December Climate Change Used to Reopen Wolverine Listing Proposal
December Conservation Force Wins FOIA Suit for Records Revealing Why USFWS Stalled Markhor Downlisting
December Suit Threatens Three Amigos Permitting Process; Conservation Force and Allied Organizations to Intervene


Conservation Force 2012
2012
January HSUS Threatens Conservation Force’s Asian Projects and Partners
January Markhor III Suit Filed to Compel 12-Month Downlisting Finding
January Serious Irregularities in Administrative Records and Scientific Findings
January Can You Offer for Sale or Sell an “Endangered” Listed Species Without a Permit?
February Conservation Force Partners with SAVE Valley Conservancy
February New Mexico Further Restricts Nonresident Hunting
February An Open Letter to Ranchers and Hunters of ESA Listed Exotics in The US
March Trophy Seizure Threat Reaches New High; USFWS Conduct Reaches New Low
March Some Court Success in Seizure Cases
March New Study Quantifies the Importance of Lion Hunting
March Onsite Report: The Etosha Meeting of African Lion Working Group
March Conservation Force Legal Action Update
April USF&WS Proposes New CITES Regulations
April Update on Three Amigos: Dama Gazelle, Addax and Scimitar-horned Oryx
April CF Board Members Selected To Important IUCN Posts
April Help Needed For Conservation Force Intern Program
May Wood Bison II Litigation Successfully Concluded: Court Overturns USFWS Enhancement Permit Denials
May Markhor III Suit Settled
June Dr. James Teer, Founding Member of Conservation Force, Dies
June Canadian Wood Bison Downlisted! Trophies Now Importable
July National Fish & Wildlife Conservation Congress in Canada
July Hunting for an Acceptable Image: Building Public Acceptance for Sustainable Use of Wildlife
July USFWS Considering Positions for CITES CoP16
July Antis Again Challenge “Trophy” Definition
August Promising Polar Bear Developments: Scientists Stand Corrected
August Last Brief in Markhor I Suit Filed
August Power Outages – Shortfalls
September Success! USFWS Proposes the Downlisting & Importation of Torghar Markhor Without an ESA Import Permit
October The National Survey Shows Increase in Hunters and Big Game Hunting
October South Africa’s Protected Area Act of 2003 Hurts Wildlife & Habitats
October CIC President Bernard Lozé: “Banning Lion Hunting Endangers The Survival of Lions in the Wild!”
October Update on Our Freedom of Information Act Suits
November CITES CoP16 Proposals Published: White Rhino, Polar Bear, Elephant, Pyrenean Chamois, Leopard Permits
November Remarks of Deborah Lyons, Deputy Head of Mission, at the Inuit Delegation - Polar Bear Reception at Embassy of Canada, Washington, D.C., September 20, 2012
November 3 Amigos: USFWS Makes 90-Day Finding to Review Downlisting Those Species in USA
November PH Stu Taylor Recovery Fund Established
December Worked Elephant Ivory Tusks Not Importable: US Court Holds Import Violated Four Laws and Orders Forfeiture of Zimbabwe Elephant Tusk
December Waning Status of Hunting-Based Conservation in Botswana: Latest Developments
December Bill Poole Enshrined Into the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame


Conservation Force 2011
2011
January Court Rules No Fees Due in Permit Cases
January Delays & Revelations In Wood Bison Suit
February A Step-by-Step Guide On Who Is Responsible For What
February Billy Ray Parnell Purple Heart Program
March Wood Bison Initiative Enters Final Stage
March Lead Issue Taken to Court
March Both Markhor Cases Moving Forward
March Zambia Initiative Success
April Africa: Antis Petition Listing Of African Lion on ESA
April Success in Iran
April Scientists Recant Tipping Point Theory That Doomed the Polar Bear
April Plains Bison Listing Petition Denials
April The Osprey Filming Company
May Special Coverage On Polar Bear: Sustainable Use On Trial
June Special Coverage On Elephant Imports: Challenging The USFWS Definition of “Trophy”
July USFWS Makes Positive Markhor Finding
July New Eruption Atop Mountain of Seizures
July USFWS Enforces Validation Requirement On CITES Permits
July Pakistan Export Permits Don’t Have a Validation Section
August US District Court Denies All Challenges to Listing the Polar Bear as “Threatened”
August Permit Exclusions Eliminated for “The Three Amigos”
September Important Developments at 25th Meeting of the CITES Animals Committee
September Abusive Use of Polar Bear Drowning Misinformation
September Cheetah Import Permits Denied Again
October Special Coverage: Getting To The Root Of The Trophy Seizure Crisis – The History and Genesis Of The Problem
November District Court Denies Relief In Zambia
and Mozambique Elephant Import Suits
December Success! Zambia Elephant Import Permits Issued By USFWS
December Update on Seizure and Forfeiture Crisis


Conservation Force 2010
2010
January Special Report: Addressing The US Trophy Seizure Crisis
February Federal Court Rules Hunters’ Interests In Trophies Not Legally Protected
March CF Creates Permanent Litigation Division
March Special Report: Conservation Force Chairman Receives International Statesman Award
March Briefly Noted
April Conservation Force Institutes Industry-Commercial Services Sponsorships
April Briefly Noted
April Dr. Dale Toweill Joins Conservation Force Board of Advisors
May Special Report: Focus On CITES CoP15
June 57th CIC General Assembly: Expanding Scope, Participation & Influence
June Briefly Noted
July The Supreme Court Invalidates Overly Broad Cruelty Law In Light of the Acceptability of Hunting
August Status of Wood Bison Suits Against USFWS
September The Important Historical Role of Hunters To Both Public and Private Land Conservation
September Pakistan: New Markhor Down-listing Petition Filed
October CBD Pushes To Ban All Lead Ammo & Fish Gear
November Important New Development in Trophy Seizure Crisis
November Anticlimactic Polar Bear Court Hearing
December A Tool For Lion Hunters: The Pocket Guide To Aging Lions
December Polar Bear Listing Cases Status
December St. Petersburg Hosts 58th CIC General Assembly


Conservation Force 2009
2009
January 2008 In Review Bio-political Developments
February Crisis Over Trophies In Transit Resolved
February Two Important Legal Actions
March Lion Campaign Kicks Off In The Nick of Time
March Polar Bear Update: Law Suit Sets New Precedent On Listings
March Briefly Noted
April "Challenges and Solutions for the Conservation of Lions and Other Large Carnivores in Sub-Saharan Africa" February 17th-18th Maroua, Cameroon
May Trophy Seizures & Forfeiture Crisis: Problems and Resolutions
May Briefly Noted
June Cheetah & Black-faced Impala Permits Denied
June Briefly Noted
July National Action Plans Save Lion Initiative
July Briefly Noted
August Tanzania To Enforce Age Limits On Trophy Lions
August Three Antelope Case A Win For Conservation
August Briefly Noted
September The Unrealized Potential of Conservation Hunting
September North America: Latest Developments On Polar Bear
October Mozambique: Niassa Elephant Trophy
November Africa: Suit Filed Over Zambia Elephant Import Permits
November Arctic: USF&WS Proposes CITES Uplist Polar Bear
November Polar Bear Lawsuits Challenging the Listing Decision
December Special Report: African Lion Spared the CITES Axe, For Now
December Bill Poole: “A Lion of a Man”
December Special Report: CITES Proposals for CoP15, March 2010


Conservation Force 2008
2008
January CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
January Polar Bear Developments
February Conservation News Developments
March Breaking News On Argali Draws
April Polar Bear Decision: Some Thoughts About That Continuing Delay
April CAMEROON: All About The New CAMNARES Program
May Conversation Force to Intervene
May Briefly Noted
June Polar Bear Listing: Assessing The Impact And Mapping A Way Forward
June CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
August Update On Kashmir Markhor
August Polar Bear Imports: Immediate Ban Upheld
August A Word About The Bob Kern Trial
September Study Analyzes Work Of NGO’s In African Wildlife Conservation
September Tanzania: Elephant Permit Crisis Averted
September Briefly Noted
October New Efforts To Reverse The Polar Bear Listing
October USF&WS Seizing Some Utilitarian Trophy Items
November Nation-by-Nation Plans To Save African Lion
November Hunting For Truth: Why Rationalizing The Ritual Must Fail
November Briefly Noted
November USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
November Leadership, People and Science
December USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
December Briefly Noted


Conservation Force 2007
2007
January Largest Hunting Development in the World
January Philippe Chardonnet Elected to Conservation Force Board
January PHASA AGM: An On-Site Report
February Polar Bear and Trophy Imports Both In Jeopardy
March A Second Threat to Polar Bear Import
March Guide To Aging Lions Is Now Available
March Briefly Noted
April Understanding The Issues And Proposals
April Our Polar Bear Comment: A Report
June Namibia: Help Is Available On Seized Leopards
June Belgrade: All About The Latest CIC General Assembly
June Special Report: New Conservation DVD Is Getting Attention
June CITES Meeting: The Latest Developments
June What Do You Say To A Liberal Intellectual Who Has Never Hunted?
July What Really Happened at CITES COP14 In The Hague
August Markhor Import Denial Raises Big Questions
September White House Orders National Hunting Conference
October Reflections On 10 Years Of Conservation Force
October Bear Listing Proposal: USGS Releases Reports
November Petitions to Free Siezed Trophies Successful
November Polar Bear Crisis Heats Up
November Briefly Noted
December Important Development in Markhor Conservation
December A Commentary On The National Geographic Article About “Hunters: For Love of the Land”


Conservation Force 2006
2006
January Highlights of 2005
February Protectionist File Suit To List All Polar Bear Under the Endangered Species Act
March ESA Listing Pending Polar Bear Crisis Is Growing
April The Real Significance If Polar Bear Are Listed
May One Important Nonresident Rights Case Continues
June Comment On “Draft Norms & Standards for the Regulations of the Hunting Industry in South Africa
July Symposium May Affect The Future Of Hunting; Progress Reported On Black Faced Impala
August Assessing The Impact Of Interior Dept. Turnover
September Mozambique Elephant Trophy Import Permit Applications Denied
October BC Bear Report And “Stricter Domestic Measures:” An Analysis Of The Connections
November UK Meetings Focus On Hunting/Conservation
December Wildlife ‘Compact’ Has Downsides / Gala Tanzania Banquet / Last Nonresident Suit


Conservation Force 2005
2005
January The End of Nonresident Hunting Rights
February African Elephant Downlisted to Vulnerable
March Southwest Alaska Profile In Conservation
April The Truth About That Polar Bear Petition
May The Legally Structured Role of Hunting and Fishing in the US and Abroad
June Nonresidents Stripped of Constitutional Rights in Congress
July Black Rhino Hunting Development
August Elephant Hunting Is Fully Open In Zambia / Getting A Handle On “Sustainable Use”
September Russia: The “Real Skinny On That Hunting Closure
October Hurricane Katrina Threatens Conservation Force
October USFW&S Denies Permits For Black-Faced Impala
November First African Lion Workshops Are Successful; IUCN Polar Bear Listing Upgraded
December US Lists New Foreign Species As Endangered


Conservation Force 2004
2004
January Permits To Import Certain Endangered Species Understanding That Draft Trophy Import Policy Change
February Musings of an Old Hunter
March Giant Saltwater Crocodile Hunting May Open
April Who Said What: A Compendium Of Comments
May African Lion Targeted At CITES Meeting
June The Truth About Senator John Kerry
June Two Hunters’ Legacies
July Argali Suit Finally Finished: Positive Gains
July Case Study of a Man-Eating Lion Killing 35 People
September Cats/Canids Bill Introduced; NRA To Push Hunting; Important CITES COP 13 Developments
October Will Lion Hunting Survive? And More....
November What Really Happened At COP13
December More To Come On African Lion


Conservation Force 2003
2003
January On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
February Conservation of the African Lion: Contribution to a Status Survey
March A Reflection on Positive Developments
April DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC, News Analysis, The Argali Case: Court, Hears Mongolia's Appeal
May Conservation News Briefs - A Special Tribute To Gunbearers
June What You Need To Know About Trophy Imports
July Insights From Wildlife Conflict Studies, A Different Perspective For Problem Solving
August How Many Hunters Are There, Really?
September The Antis’ Argali Suit Has Been Dismissed
October Update On The Argali Case
November The Political Future
December Antis Tell Court They Would Rather See Elephants Euthanized Than in a Zoo


Conservation Force 2002
2002
January The Truth About That British Columbia Grizzly Bear “Ban”
February DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - Cameroon Elephant Permits Denied
March SPECIAL REPORT - New USF & WS Director
April The Saga of the Saiga
May The Role And Value Of Hunting
June On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
July Special Report: The Argali Suit - Part I
August Special Report: A Preview Of COP 12
September Zimbabwe Hunting Will Continue – But Zimbabwe Needs You Now
October Understanding Trophy Hunting: A Powerful Conservation Tool
November London March to Save Hunting Breaks All Records
December Santiago, Chile - What Really Happened At CITES COP 12


Conservation Force 2001
2001
March Idaho Approves Nonresident Moose Hunting: A Practical Lesson In Our Democracy
April Special Report On Hunting Why We Do It; Its Conservation Benefits
May Antis Sue To Stop All Argali Trophy Imports
June The Very Latest On That Argali Suit
July Why We Hunt: - Two Important Perspectives
August The Animal Rights 2001 Conference - Terrorism And A Radical Agenda At A Hilton Hotel
September Legal Matters - Update On The Argali Lawsuit
October DATELINE: WASHINGTON Mongolia, Others Denied Role In Argali Lawsuit
November DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - European Trophy Crisis Is Narrowly Averted
December People And Predators. Can They Live Together?




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Outfitter Reports
Hunting Outfitter Reports
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Hunting Reports & Articles
Hunting Experiences
From Fellow Hunters
Angola Hunting (1)
Argentina Hunting (113)
Armenia Hunting (3)
Australia Hunting (99)
Austria Hunting (7)
Azerbaijan Hunting (19)
Benin Hunting (16)
Botswana Hunting (99)
Bulgaria Hunting (2)
Burkina Faso Hunting (4)
Cameroon Hunting (106)
Central African Republic Hunting (54)
Chad Hunting (8)
Chile Hunting (3)
China Hunting (13)
Croatia Hunting (5)
Czech Republic Hunting (5)
Ecuador Hunting (1)
England Hunting (23)
Estonia Hunting (2)
Ethiopia Hunting (38)
France Hunting (1)
Germany Hunting (1)
Ghana Hunting (2)
Greece Hunting (2)
Greenland Hunting (4)
Hungary Hunting (9)
Iceland Hunting (2)
Italy Hunting (1)
Iran Hunting (2)
Kazakhstan Hunting (11)
Kyrgyzstan Hunting (20)
Liberia Hunting (6)
Macedonia Hunting (5)
Mexico Hunting (137)
Mongolia Hunting (67)
Mozambique Hunting (79)
Namibia Hunting (256)
Nepal Hunting (2)
New Caledonia Hunting (19)
New Zealand Hunting (217)
Pakistan Hunting (17)
Papua New Guinea Hunting (4)
Philippines Hunting (3)
Poland Hunting (5)
Romania Hunting (11)
Russia Hunting (80)
Scotland Hunting (28)
Serbia Hunting (1)
Slovakia Hunting (1)
Slovenia Hunting (3)
South Africa Hunting (718)
Spain Hunting (171)
Sudan Hunting (4)
Switzerland Hunting (4)
Tajikistan Hunting (37)
Tanzania Hunting (256)
Turkey Hunting (24)
Turkmenistan Hunting (10)
Uganda Hunting (10)
Ukraine Hunting (3)
Vietnam Hunting (1)
Yugoslavia Hunting (1)
Zambia Hunting (143)
Zimbabwe Hunting (537)


Hunting Reports & Articles
Hunting Experiences
From Fellow Hunters
Alberta Hunting (115)
Manitoba Hunting (22)
New Brunswick Hunting (4)
Newfoundland Hunting (32)
Nunavut Hunting (65)
Northwest Territories Hunting (195)
Ontario Hunting (11)
Quebec Hunting (47)
Saskatchewan Hunting (51)
Yukon Hunting (80)


Hunting Reports & Articles
Hunting Experiences
From Fellow Hunters
Alabama Hunting (5)
Alaska Hunting (475)
Arizona Hunting (41)
California Hunting (68)
Colorado Hunting (83)
Florida Hunting (25)
Georgia Hunting (3)
Hawaii Hunting (16)
Idaho Hunting (39)
Illinois Hunting (15)
Iowa Hunting (7)
Kansas Hunting (28)
Kentucky Hunting (5)
Louisiana Hunting (4)
Maine Hunting (13)
Maryland Hunting (1)
Michigan Hunting (27)
Minnesota Hunting (1)
Mississippi Hunting (3)
Missouri Hunting (8)
Montana Hunting (65)
Nebraska Hunting (7)
Nevada Hunting (33)
New Hampshire Hunting (2)
New Jersey Hunting (1)
New Mexico Hunting (92)
New York Hunting (8)
North Carolina Hunting (3)
North Dakota Hunting (3)
Ohio Hunting (2)
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Oregon Hunting (18)
Pennsylvania Hunting (2)
South Carolina Hunting (7)
South Dakota Hunting (9)
Tennessee Hunting (1)
Texas Hunting (257)
Utah Hunting (31)
Vermont Hunting (3)
Washington Hunting (6)
Wisconsin Hunting (3)
Wyoming Hunting (143)
 
Hunting Reports & Articles
Hunting Experiences
From Fellow Hunters
Alligator Hunting (22)
Antelope Hunting (355)
   Blackbuck Antelope
   Klipspringer Antelope
   Pronghorn Antelope
Argali Hunting (77)
Banteng Hunting (32)
Bear Hunting (704)
   Black Bear
   Brown Bear
   Grizzly Bear
   Polar Bear
Bison Hunting (20)
Blesbok Hunting (315)
Bobcat Hunting (29)
Bongo Hunting (61)
Bontebok Hunting (38)
Buffalo Hunting (1004)
   Cape Buffalo
   Nile Buffalo
   Water Buffalo
Bushbuck Hunting (633)
   Chobe Bushbuck
   Harnessed Bushbuck
   Limpopo Bushbuck
   Masai Bushbuck
   Menelik Bushbuck
Bushpig Hunting (137)
Caracal Hunting (87)
Caribou Hunting (314)
   Central Canada Caribou
   Mountain Caribou
   Quebec-Labrador Caribou
Cat Hunting (86)
Chamois Hunting (203)
   Cantabrian Chamois
Cheetah Hunting (18)
Chevrotain Hunting (2)
Civet Hunting (33)
Coyote Hunting (19)
Crocodile Hunting (181)
Deer Hunting (1302)
   Brocket Deer
   Columbia Blacktail Deer
   Coues Whitetail Deer
   Desert Mule Deer
   Fallow Deer
   Hog Deer
   Mule Deer
   Pere David Deer
   Red Deer
   Roe Deer
   Rusa Deer
   Sambar Deer
   Sika Deer
   Sitka Blacktail Deer
   Water Deer
   Whitetail Deer
Dik-Dik Hunting (65)
Donkey Hunting (4)
Duiker Hunting (453)
   Blue Duiker
   Bush Duiker
   Common Duiker
   Red-Flanked Duiker
Eland Hunting (611)
   Cape Eland
   Giant Eland
Elephant Hunting (374)
Elk Hunting (285)
   Asian Elk
   Rocky Mountain Elk
   Roosevelt Elk
   Tule Elk
Gazelle Hunting (142)
   Goitered Gazelle
   Grant Gazelle
   Soemmerring Gazelle
   Thomson Gazelle
   Tibetan Gazelle
Gemsbok/Oryx Hunting (503)
Gerenuk Hunting (57)
Giraffe Hunting (94)
Goat Hunting (147)
   Feral Goat
   Mountain Goat
Grysbok Hunting (97)
Hartebeest Hunting (207)
   Red Hartebeest
Hippopotamus Hunting (212)
Hyena Hunting (162)
Ibex Hunting (263)
   Beceite Spanish Ibex
   Gredos Ibex
Impala Hunting (750)
Jaguar Hunting (2)
Javelina Hunting (39)
Kob Hunting (68)
Korrigum Hunting (6)
Kudu Hunting (1006)
   Greater Kudu
   Lesser Kudu
Lechwe Hunting (135)
   Red Lechwe
Leopard Hunting (541)
Lion Hunting (472)
   Mountain Lion
Lynx Hunting (34)
Markhor Hunting (9)
Moose Hunting (254)
   Mountain Moose
   Shiras Moose
Mouflon Hunting (104)
Muntjac Hunting (16)
Musk Ox Hunting (54)
Nilgai Hunting (16)
Nyala Hunting (303)
   Mountain Nyala
Oribi Hunting (106)
Ox Hunting (60)
Peccary Hunting (29)
Prarie Dog Hunting (5)
Puku Hunting (95)
Reedbuck Hunting (355)
   Mountain Reedbuck
Reindeer Hunting (6)
Rhebok Hunting (72)
Rhinoceros Hunting (84)
Roan Hunting (187)
Sable Hunting (369)
Sheep Hunting (669)
   Aoudad Sheep
   Barbary Sheep
   Bighorn Sheep
   Blue Sheep
   California Big Horn Sheep
   Corsican Sheep
   Dall Sheep
   Desert Bighorn Sheep
   Feral Sheep
   Four-Horned Sheep
   Kerman Sheep
   Mouflon Sheep
   Red Sheep
   Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
   Soay Sheep
   Stone Sheep
Sitatunga Hunting (112)
Springbok Hunting (406)
Steenbok Hunting (220)
Suni Hunting (39)
Tahr Hunting (149)
   Himalayan Tahr
Takin Hunting (1)
Tiang Hunting (11)
Topi Hunting (38)
Tsessebe Hunting (94)
Tur Hunting (7)
Urial Hunting (18)
Varmint Hunting (71)
Warthog Hunting (696)
Waterbuck Hunting (471)
Wildebeest Hunting (665)
   Black Wildebeest
   Blue Wildebeest
Wolf Hunting (231)
Wolverine Hunting (45)
Yak Hunting (3)
Zebra Hunting (725)
   Burchell's Zebra