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Special Report: Focus On CITES CoP15

Written By John J. Jackson III, Conservation Force Chairman & President
(posted May 2010)
 

 The 15th Conference of the Parties of CITES was held in Doha, Qatar, in March. The results from the hunting community perspective were mixed. On the positive side, the US proposal to uplist polar bear to Appendix I was soundly defeated as it should have been. Kenya’s proposal that no country make any further proposal to downlist or trade ivory in any form whatsoever for 20 years was withdrawn after Kenya first tried to make it apply to all countries for nine years and that was rejected. A definition of “hunting trophies” was adopted, by consensus, to include “manufactured” items made from an animal taken sport-hunting, which is contrary to the USF&WS’ regulation adopted in August, 2007. The Parties also agreed that when there is a problem with export permit validation/endorsement the Parties should cooperatively attempt to work it out. Again, this is contrary to new USF&WS regulations of August 2007.

 On the negative side, the Tanzania and Zambia proposals to downlist their elephant to Appendix II with an “annotation” that limited trade to a few narrow purposes, one of which was trophy trade, failed to get the required two-thirds vote. The US proposal to downlist the bobcat was also defeated.

 Following is a summary report on the above mentioned efforts. Credit must be given to the Wild Sheep Foundation and IPHA for providing extra funding. Also, credit is due to Osprey Film Company and Hunter Proud for their DVD Tembo: Use or Lose that we jointly produced and circulated before the CoP supporting Zambia and Tanzania’s downlisting proposals.
Polar Bear:  The US proposal to uplist the polar bear from Appendix II (all bear of the world are on Appendix II) to Appendix I was soundly rejected. The vote was 48 in favor of the proposal, 62 against and 11 abstentions. For passage, proposals require a two-thirds vote of those voting. In its final plea on the floor of the Committee before the vote, the US said it was not challenging the management of the bear (not attacking Canada as some protectionist NGOs were) but urged the listing of the bear under the “precautionary principle” (should have been called “approach,” not “principle”) in light of projected climate change. Few believed or were impressed with that singleness of purpose. The CITES Secretariat recommended its rejection on the basis the bear did not meet the listing criteria. Of course, Canada opposed the listing of the bear and made no bones about it after the reality lesson from the ESA listing of the bear. Canada is the only country that trades in bear parts. The IUCN Polar Bear Specialist Group, the foremost scientific bear specialists in the world, opposed the uplisting. Even WWF opposed the proposal ardently. WWF pointed out that “since the CoP meets approximately every three years…it would, therefore, be incongruous” to list the bear “on the basis of a population decline that is predicted to take place over a 50-year period into the future.” That was a good point. What is the hurry, particularly since the listing would not reduce the number of bear taken anywhere? A number of speakers such as Canada and Norway pointed out that the proposed uplisting could be detrimental to the bear’s conservation.

 Nunavut asserted that it spends over one million dollars each year for polar bear management, which is adaptive. They pointed out that hunting for them is not a part-time activity - it is their way of life. The bear would be taken for local use even if they could no longer be traded, so conservation of the bear through listing was an illusion. The European Union, a block of 27 countries, voted against the proposal after pointing out that trade is not excessive, the climate threat is only “potential,” not “actual,” there are other adequate regulatory mechanisms in place and the listing “may have a negative effect on the bear and the traditional communities.” It is interesting to note that the European Parliament urged its Member States and Commission to support the listing as they recently did with seal trade in Europe. Thankfully, the Member States did not follow that request.

 Defenders of Wildlife argued that existing trade is already excessive and called it “luxury goods trade” with emphasis on the end-use over its origin. The antis had three exhibition booths devoted to promoting the listing of the bear. They gave out cuddly polar bear dolls, lapel pins, baggage tags and ink pens with bear emblems. The HSUS leadership unabashedly displayed ownership of the proposal as if they had inspired it, as well they may have for all the sense it made. That group put a “SAVE MY SKIN” sign on one bear they were circulating. They gave hundreds away and hosted expensive lunches at the ritzy Four Seasons Hotel and at speaking programs at which the USF&WS spoke but yours truly was denied entry. It was not a pleasant thing to witness.

 During the debate, the Inuvialuit leadership emphasized that the bear are abundant, the bear are the most valuable resource of the native people, and “We don’t have trees, we don’t have plants.” The only impact would be to harm the Arctic people. Of course these fine people have already lost their seal trade. What would become of our hunting friends in the north had the bear been uplisted? A devalued resource is a wasted resource.

 One Arctic group that was absent was the natives of Alaska. Apparently they did not realize that the CITES uplisting would have end-rounded the right-to-harvest-and-trade protection they are guaranteed under both the ESA and MMPA and the related special rule that exempts their use of polar bear. USF&WS’ CITES proposals have long been a means for the USF&WS to bypass the statutory and political protection of States and aboriginal people through listings. Some experts ventured that was part of the strategy of the US in this instance. Others ventured the proposal was a political payoff to protectionist supporters of the Obama Administration. The joint activities at Doha of the members of the anti-hunting group the Species Survival Network and the USF&WS certainly suggested collaboration.

 In short, it was clear to many that the proposed listing could harm the bear and certainly would harm the good people of the Arctic North. The proposal was viewed for what it was: political payoff within the United States. There was a great deal of expressed belief that the proposal was “premature” and that the conservation programs that exist and livelihoods of the people should not be terminated simply as a political tool and guise for highlighting climate change.

 The proposal was embarrassing and shameful. It squarely contradicted the concept and principles of sustainable use, was politically based, and recklessly disregarded the well-being of the Arctic people and principles of sustainable use. It was a classic example of abusive misuse of the precautionary approach and hypocrisy about caring for minorities and traditional people. What had been widely viewed to be “conservation hunting” was mischaracterized as an “additive” loss. It needs to be seen for what it was - an outrageous political act that would have shifted the cost of climate change to the innocent people of the North and would have compromised the bear. Who cares for the Arctic people? We do! That said, 48 Parties did vote for it, which is scary. Climate change is not as threatening as political overreaction to the speculation.

Tanzania Elephant Proposal: Tanzania’s proposal was to downlist its elephant to Appendix II with an annotation that the trade be limited to trophies and a single one-time sale of its ivory stockpile under special conditions and the pledge that the proceeds be expended wholly on elephant conservation and related community benefits. Though it has the second largest elephant population in the world, the proposal met with substantial opposition. As usual, many Parties deferred to the opinion of the Panel of Experts which is a panel of select elephant experts that go into the country, make a first-hand inspection and render an opinion on the proposal. The Expert Panel’s review blew Tanzania’s proposal out of the water. When the Panel rendered its last-minute opinion, it was negative because it had not been able to meet in first person with the Customs authorities in Tanzania during its inspection, had not been furnished substantial requested information from Tanzania authorities, poaching was on the increase in southern Tanzania and very large amounts of smuggled ivory had been identified as originating in Tanzania.

 The Panel found that the population might actually be declining though still viable. The 2006 best estimate was 142,788 ± 12,405, but the 2009 estimate was only 109,622 ± 6,135. The decline was “attributed largely to the downward trend recorded in the Selous-Mikumi ecosystem.” The Panel described this to be a “significant decline” or “loss” of 31,000 elephant over three years. Some of this may have been due to a “large scale movement” from Selous to Niassa Reserve that had an increase of approximately 9,000 elephant. Regardless, the Panel concluded that illegal killing of elephants in Tanzania “is not only important but has been increasing.” There also have been “progressive increases in the number of large-scale seizures involving Tanzania.” There was a sense that Tanzania has the capacity to better manage its elephant and should better manage them.

 Kenya and a number of Parties made a new argument against any downlisting that should be noted. Kenya and 26 primarily West, Central and East African countries have formed the African Coalition which is affecting the political balance over the issues. That Coalition was formed to assist its members to be beneficiaries of the new Elephant Fund that was created at CoP14 at The Hague. Their concept is to give elephant issues a rest for another six years and to build the Fund to help those that need the financial help the most - themselves - not those that are and have demonstrated the capacity to conserve elephant on their own. Their self-serving interpretation of the 9-year waiting period for the four countries already downlisted to Appendix II is that it applies to all African range states.

 Of course, that was not the agreement in The Hague. An Elephant Fund was created in The Hague and a partially drafted African Action Plan has since been created that the Fund is intended to serve. It is now clearly in the financial interest of those in the new 26-member African Coalition to focus on their interests and deny the proposals of those successfully managing elephant. That said, though it has taken on form and structure, the divide between those that have managed their elephant the best and those that have managed their elephant the worst dominated the debate. Regardless, the balance may not change much in number or final voting tally.

 Tanzania divided and amended its proposal and brought it up again in the final Plenary. In the three instances the best support it received was 57 in favor, 45 against and 32 abstentions, a majority but not the necessary two-thirds of cast votes. The EU obviously abstained in that secret vote.

 The 19-page Expert Panel report is too rich with information to repeat here, so we have  posted it to  Conservation Force’s website under News and Alerts at http://www.conservation force.org/news.html.

Zambia’s Elephant Proposal: Zambia’s proposal to conditionally downlist its elephant with an annotation for trophy hunting and other limited purposes and a one-off sale of its surplus stockpile with a pledge to expend the funds on elephant and the related communities faired better but also failed to receive the necessary two-thirds vote.

 From the get-go, Zambia’s proposal was better received because of the Panel of Experts treatment. The Panel found its elephant numbers were “stable, viable and possibly increasing” except for the Lower Zambezi where “the offtake data indicate the likelihood of a declining population.” The Panel noted a positive trend in relation to many of the factors assessed since the last Panel report on Zambia in 2002 when it last made a downlisting proposal. Those positive trends were the status of elephant, population monitoring, ivory management and law enforcement. (See report on Conservation Force’s website at http://www.conservationforce.org/news.html.) TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network, noted all that Zambia has done to improve its elephant management over the last eight years and that the elephant satisfied the requirements to transfer it to Appendix II. WWF took a similar position. The Secretariat recommended the downlisting.

 Many speakers pointed out that efforts like Zambia has been making should be rewarded. Most speakers and written supporting documents recognized the critical need for the communities that live with the elephant to benefit and that the sport-hunting would reduce the poaching.

Even the US took the floor to state that, in light of the Panel report, elephant no longer meet the biological criteria for an Appendix I listing, it would be in the best interest of the elephant to down- list it, and supported the downlisting. This was a surprise as the USF&WS denied all elephant import permit applications pending from Zambia just days before the CoP began.
 Of course, Kenya and the African Coalition stated that it is not the right time to downlist any population. The vote was 55 in favor, 36 against and 40 abstained, which abstentions obviously included the EU. Even though the vote was by secret ballot, the US stated that it voted in favor of the downlisting proposal at the afternoon debriefing.

Kenya’s 20-Year Freeze Proposal: Kenya’s proposition to freeze all downlisting proposals in any form for 20 years followed on the heels of the Tanzania and Zambia rejections. Kenya divided its proposal to first try to make the 9-year freeze applicable to all African range states, rather than just the four countries that have already been conditionally downlisted to Appendix II and permitted a single one-time sale of select stockpiled ivory, namely Namibia, RSA, Zimbabwe and Botswana.

 It failed by a large margin. Perhaps most importantly, the European Union (EU) said it fully supports the African Action Plan but could not support Kenya’s extension of the freeze to all elephant range states. The vote in favor of extending the 9-year freeze (now six years remaining) to all countries was 38 in favor, 76 against and 21 abstentions. Kenya then withdrew its original proposal that there be a 20-year freeze on all range states.

 Kenya portrayed Tanzania and Zambia as “bad” countries for not abandoning their sovereignty and successes. It wants total focus to be on the evolving Action Plan and Fund. They want nine years or more of benefits and represent the proposals to be dangerous distractions that may stimulate reactionary poaching. Time will tell if this is going to be a new playing field with new political parameters.

Trophy Definition: CITES has long given trophies preferential trade treatment. Of course, such trade is under attack by the protectionists and more vehement antis in every possible way. The antis suggested to USF&WS, International Affairs, that the term should no longer include worked, crafted, manufactured items made from the animal taken sport-hunting and, in September 2007, the USF&WS adopted its own regulation to that effect over the vehement protests of the entire hunting community.

 The Parties have not had a definition before and most items produced by taxidermists located in developing countries are crafted products like bookends, swishes, bracelets, decorative stools, knife sheathes, gun scabbards, etc. The interpretive issue was on the agenda at this CoP. A working group was created and definitions went back and forth through the length of the CoP. Ultimately, the Parties adopted a definition that expressly includes items “manufactured” from the sport-hunted animal. Of course, this is in direct conflict with the USF&WS’ exclusion of crafted or worked items.

 It is important to understand that the US regulation still governs trophies coming into or through the US until the USF&WS changes its own stricter regulations. This is only our first step in that process. When time and resources permit, we will petition the USF&WS for a change in the regulation. In the meantime, we must advise against converting any part of a trophy of an Appendix I species into a utilitarian item or work before importation. Those conversions can be done after importation.

Export Permit Validation/Endorsements:  Another contested issue growing out of the September 2007 USF&WS regulations is Law Enforcement’s strict enforcement of the requirement that listed items be inspected and inventoried item-for-item in part 14 of export permits and signed by a CITES official designated with the CITES Secretariat. This too evolved favorably at this CoP. The Resolution was amended to urge that importing countries contact and work out discrepancies “cooperatively” instead of being difficult. Again, this is not in accordance with the recent US regulation and seizure practices, so be advised. In fact, it arose because of the International Affairs regulation and hard enforcement. Hopefully it will lead to more equitable treatment of importers when the error or confusion is harmless.



Conservation Force 2014
2014
January Firestorm Email Attacks by Media and Antis
January CIC Milan 61st General Assembly/Crime Summit
January USFWS Re-Notices Proposed ESA Downlisting of Markhor
January Markhor Import Permit Appeal
January Hunter Proud Foundation & Osprey Filming Company
January Intervention in Latest Three Amigos Suit
February Antis’ Antics Have Perverse Negative Effect on Rhino Conservation
March Speech Upon Receiving the Houston Safari Club International Hunter of the Year Award
March Hunting: A Great Debate
April Illegal Wildlife Trade and Poaching
April Conservation Force Solves Liberia Trophy Import Problems
April Elephant Hair and Skin Bracelets Importable
April Conservation Force First Quarter 2014 Report
May USFWS Implements Catastrophic Suspension of Elephant Imports from Tanzania and Zimbabwe
May Letter to USFWS from Robin Hurt
June First Formal Action on Elephant Import Suspension Taken by Conservation Force
July Import Permits Issued for Sulaiman Markhor of Torghar Project
July Trophy Definition to Again Include Worked, Manufactured or Handicraft Items
July Comments Opposing Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Import Suspension
July USFWS Produces Letter of Inquiry to Tanzania on Elephant Populations
August Status of Elephant Import Suspensions for Zimbabwe and Tanzania
August The True Status of White Rhino Populations
August Win the Wild, A Fictionalized Account of How South Africa Reclaimed Its Wildlife Heritage
September Final Zim Finding: Most and Best Available Information Ignored


Conservation Force 2013
2013
January US Fish and Wildlife Service Announces 90-Day Finding on ESA Listing for African Lion
February Why Hunt Wild Cats: Arguments Previously Made By USFWS and African Nations
March World Conservation Force Bulletin Enters Its 18th Year
March Mozambique and Cameroon Hippo Trade Suspended by CITES
March Final Findings of National Survey Reports A Record Number of Big Game Hunters
March 2012 Zambia Elephant Trophy Imports Approved
March On Receiving The Peter Hathaway Capstick Hunting Heritage Award
April A CITES CoP16 Report: Key Wins, Some Losses for the Hunting Community
April What Was Truly at Stake with the Polar Bear Proposal
May USFWS Grants First Black Rhino Import Permit
May Evaluating Namibia’s Rhino Program
May Rhino Populations Grow Despite Poaching
June CIC General Assembly Adopts Recommendations for African Lion and White Rhino
June Double Quotas Not Yet Resolved in USA
June Equal Allocation of New Mexico Nonresident Licenses for Rocky Mountain and Desert Bighorn Sheep, Oryx and Ibex Challenged Again
June Wood Bison Cases Still in Court
June Black Rhino Public Education
July USFWS Denies Petitions to Remove Private, Captive Populations of Species from ESA: Scimitar-horned Oryx, Dama Gazelle and Addax Denied
July Polar Bear Litigation Developments
July Finally, All Gray Wolves Proposed for Removal from ESA
July Status of the Petition to List the Lion as Endangered: African Lion Workshop
August Court Turns Deaf Ear to Polar Bear Enhancement Permit Applicants for Gulf of Boothia
August Newly Published Monograph on Hunting & Conservation
August Family Hunts Under One License are Illegal
August Wildlife for the 21st Century, Volume IV
September Downlisting of Straight-Horned Markhor Delayed; USFWS to Issue Revised Proposed Rule to Reclassify Species Under ESA
September New Trophy Seizure Issues Arise
September New Mexico Nonresident Terk Case Revving Up
September Polar Bear Listing Now Before US Supreme Court
October US Fish & Wildlife Lists White Rhino as Threatened
October Two Articles on Black Rhino Trophy Imports
October Defense of Terk Decision Needs Support
October Two Colorado State Senators Recalled for Passage of Firearms Restrictions
October Cheetah Numbers Increasing
November US Supreme Court Denies Polar Bear Writ
November Court Should Hold Feds Accountable for Questionable ESA Listing
November Succession and Development: “What will We Do When You are Gone?
November Black Rhino Auction: A Dream Come True
December Unintended Consequences May Arise from Presidential Executive Order to Combat Wildlife Trafficking
December The Crush: Whose Ivory was Destroyed and Will It Truly Curtail Poaching?
December Climate Change Used to Reopen Wolverine Listing Proposal
December Conservation Force Wins FOIA Suit for Records Revealing Why USFWS Stalled Markhor Downlisting
December Suit Threatens Three Amigos Permitting Process; Conservation Force and Allied Organizations to Intervene


Conservation Force 2012
2012
January HSUS Threatens Conservation Force’s Asian Projects and Partners
January Markhor III Suit Filed to Compel 12-Month Downlisting Finding
January Serious Irregularities in Administrative Records and Scientific Findings
January Can You Offer for Sale or Sell an “Endangered” Listed Species Without a Permit?
February Conservation Force Partners with SAVE Valley Conservancy
February New Mexico Further Restricts Nonresident Hunting
February An Open Letter to Ranchers and Hunters of ESA Listed Exotics in The US
March Trophy Seizure Threat Reaches New High; USFWS Conduct Reaches New Low
March Some Court Success in Seizure Cases
March New Study Quantifies the Importance of Lion Hunting
March Onsite Report: The Etosha Meeting of African Lion Working Group
March Conservation Force Legal Action Update
April USF&WS Proposes New CITES Regulations
April Update on Three Amigos: Dama Gazelle, Addax and Scimitar-horned Oryx
April CF Board Members Selected To Important IUCN Posts
April Help Needed For Conservation Force Intern Program
May Wood Bison II Litigation Successfully Concluded: Court Overturns USFWS Enhancement Permit Denials
May Markhor III Suit Settled
June Dr. James Teer, Founding Member of Conservation Force, Dies
June Canadian Wood Bison Downlisted! Trophies Now Importable
July National Fish & Wildlife Conservation Congress in Canada
July Hunting for an Acceptable Image: Building Public Acceptance for Sustainable Use of Wildlife
July USFWS Considering Positions for CITES CoP16
July Antis Again Challenge “Trophy” Definition
August Promising Polar Bear Developments: Scientists Stand Corrected
August Last Brief in Markhor I Suit Filed
August Power Outages – Shortfalls
September Success! USFWS Proposes the Downlisting & Importation of Torghar Markhor Without an ESA Import Permit
October The National Survey Shows Increase in Hunters and Big Game Hunting
October South Africa’s Protected Area Act of 2003 Hurts Wildlife & Habitats
October CIC President Bernard Lozé: “Banning Lion Hunting Endangers The Survival of Lions in the Wild!”
October Update on Our Freedom of Information Act Suits
November CITES CoP16 Proposals Published: White Rhino, Polar Bear, Elephant, Pyrenean Chamois, Leopard Permits
November Remarks of Deborah Lyons, Deputy Head of Mission, at the Inuit Delegation - Polar Bear Reception at Embassy of Canada, Washington, D.C., September 20, 2012
November 3 Amigos: USFWS Makes 90-Day Finding to Review Downlisting Those Species in USA
November PH Stu Taylor Recovery Fund Established
December Worked Elephant Ivory Tusks Not Importable: US Court Holds Import Violated Four Laws and Orders Forfeiture of Zimbabwe Elephant Tusk
December Waning Status of Hunting-Based Conservation in Botswana: Latest Developments
December Bill Poole Enshrined Into the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame


Conservation Force 2011
2011
January Court Rules No Fees Due in Permit Cases
January Delays & Revelations In Wood Bison Suit
February A Step-by-Step Guide On Who Is Responsible For What
February Billy Ray Parnell Purple Heart Program
March Wood Bison Initiative Enters Final Stage
March Lead Issue Taken to Court
March Both Markhor Cases Moving Forward
March Zambia Initiative Success
April Africa: Antis Petition Listing Of African Lion on ESA
April Success in Iran
April Scientists Recant Tipping Point Theory That Doomed the Polar Bear
April Plains Bison Listing Petition Denials
April The Osprey Filming Company
May Special Coverage On Polar Bear: Sustainable Use On Trial
June Special Coverage On Elephant Imports: Challenging The USFWS Definition of “Trophy”
July USFWS Makes Positive Markhor Finding
July New Eruption Atop Mountain of Seizures
July USFWS Enforces Validation Requirement On CITES Permits
July Pakistan Export Permits Don’t Have a Validation Section
August US District Court Denies All Challenges to Listing the Polar Bear as “Threatened”
August Permit Exclusions Eliminated for “The Three Amigos”
September Important Developments at 25th Meeting of the CITES Animals Committee
September Abusive Use of Polar Bear Drowning Misinformation
September Cheetah Import Permits Denied Again
October Special Coverage: Getting To The Root Of The Trophy Seizure Crisis – The History and Genesis Of The Problem
November District Court Denies Relief In Zambia
and Mozambique Elephant Import Suits
December Success! Zambia Elephant Import Permits Issued By USFWS
December Update on Seizure and Forfeiture Crisis


Conservation Force 2010
2010
January Special Report: Addressing The US Trophy Seizure Crisis
February Federal Court Rules Hunters’ Interests In Trophies Not Legally Protected
March CF Creates Permanent Litigation Division
March Special Report: Conservation Force Chairman Receives International Statesman Award
March Briefly Noted
April Conservation Force Institutes Industry-Commercial Services Sponsorships
April Briefly Noted
April Dr. Dale Toweill Joins Conservation Force Board of Advisors
May Special Report: Focus On CITES CoP15
June 57th CIC General Assembly: Expanding Scope, Participation & Influence
June Briefly Noted
July The Supreme Court Invalidates Overly Broad Cruelty Law In Light of the Acceptability of Hunting
August Status of Wood Bison Suits Against USFWS
September The Important Historical Role of Hunters To Both Public and Private Land Conservation
September Pakistan: New Markhor Down-listing Petition Filed
October CBD Pushes To Ban All Lead Ammo & Fish Gear
November Important New Development in Trophy Seizure Crisis
November Anticlimactic Polar Bear Court Hearing
December A Tool For Lion Hunters: The Pocket Guide To Aging Lions
December Polar Bear Listing Cases Status
December St. Petersburg Hosts 58th CIC General Assembly


Conservation Force 2009
2009
January 2008 In Review Bio-political Developments
February Crisis Over Trophies In Transit Resolved
February Two Important Legal Actions
March Lion Campaign Kicks Off In The Nick of Time
March Polar Bear Update: Law Suit Sets New Precedent On Listings
March Briefly Noted
April "Challenges and Solutions for the Conservation of Lions and Other Large Carnivores in Sub-Saharan Africa" February 17th-18th Maroua, Cameroon
May Trophy Seizures & Forfeiture Crisis: Problems and Resolutions
May Briefly Noted
June Cheetah & Black-faced Impala Permits Denied
June Briefly Noted
July National Action Plans Save Lion Initiative
July Briefly Noted
August Tanzania To Enforce Age Limits On Trophy Lions
August Three Antelope Case A Win For Conservation
August Briefly Noted
September The Unrealized Potential of Conservation Hunting
September North America: Latest Developments On Polar Bear
October Mozambique: Niassa Elephant Trophy
November Africa: Suit Filed Over Zambia Elephant Import Permits
November Arctic: USF&WS Proposes CITES Uplist Polar Bear
November Polar Bear Lawsuits Challenging the Listing Decision
December Special Report: African Lion Spared the CITES Axe, For Now
December Bill Poole: “A Lion of a Man”
December Special Report: CITES Proposals for CoP15, March 2010


Conservation Force 2008
2008
January CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
January Polar Bear Developments
February Conservation News Developments
March Breaking News On Argali Draws
April Polar Bear Decision: Some Thoughts About That Continuing Delay
April CAMEROON: All About The New CAMNARES Program
May Conversation Force to Intervene
May Briefly Noted
June Polar Bear Listing: Assessing The Impact And Mapping A Way Forward
June CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
August Update On Kashmir Markhor
August Polar Bear Imports: Immediate Ban Upheld
August A Word About The Bob Kern Trial
September Study Analyzes Work Of NGO’s In African Wildlife Conservation
September Tanzania: Elephant Permit Crisis Averted
September Briefly Noted
October New Efforts To Reverse The Polar Bear Listing
October USF&WS Seizing Some Utilitarian Trophy Items
November Nation-by-Nation Plans To Save African Lion
November Hunting For Truth: Why Rationalizing The Ritual Must Fail
November Briefly Noted
November USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
November Leadership, People and Science
December USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
December Briefly Noted


Conservation Force 2007
2007
January Largest Hunting Development in the World
January Philippe Chardonnet Elected to Conservation Force Board
January PHASA AGM: An On-Site Report
February Polar Bear and Trophy Imports Both In Jeopardy
March A Second Threat to Polar Bear Import
March Guide To Aging Lions Is Now Available
March Briefly Noted
April Understanding The Issues And Proposals
April Our Polar Bear Comment: A Report
June Namibia: Help Is Available On Seized Leopards
June Belgrade: All About The Latest CIC General Assembly
June Special Report: New Conservation DVD Is Getting Attention
June CITES Meeting: The Latest Developments
June What Do You Say To A Liberal Intellectual Who Has Never Hunted?
July What Really Happened at CITES COP14 In The Hague
August Markhor Import Denial Raises Big Questions
September White House Orders National Hunting Conference
October Reflections On 10 Years Of Conservation Force
October Bear Listing Proposal: USGS Releases Reports
November Petitions to Free Siezed Trophies Successful
November Polar Bear Crisis Heats Up
November Briefly Noted
December Important Development in Markhor Conservation
December A Commentary On The National Geographic Article About “Hunters: For Love of the Land”


Conservation Force 2006
2006
January Highlights of 2005
February Protectionist File Suit To List All Polar Bear Under the Endangered Species Act
March ESA Listing Pending Polar Bear Crisis Is Growing
April The Real Significance If Polar Bear Are Listed
May One Important Nonresident Rights Case Continues
June Comment On “Draft Norms & Standards for the Regulations of the Hunting Industry in South Africa
July Symposium May Affect The Future Of Hunting; Progress Reported On Black Faced Impala
August Assessing The Impact Of Interior Dept. Turnover
September Mozambique Elephant Trophy Import Permit Applications Denied
October BC Bear Report And “Stricter Domestic Measures:” An Analysis Of The Connections
November UK Meetings Focus On Hunting/Conservation
December Wildlife ‘Compact’ Has Downsides / Gala Tanzania Banquet / Last Nonresident Suit


Conservation Force 2005
2005
January The End of Nonresident Hunting Rights
February African Elephant Downlisted to Vulnerable
March Southwest Alaska Profile In Conservation
April The Truth About That Polar Bear Petition
May The Legally Structured Role of Hunting and Fishing in the US and Abroad
June Nonresidents Stripped of Constitutional Rights in Congress
July Black Rhino Hunting Development
August Elephant Hunting Is Fully Open In Zambia / Getting A Handle On “Sustainable Use”
September Russia: The “Real Skinny On That Hunting Closure
October Hurricane Katrina Threatens Conservation Force
October USFW&S Denies Permits For Black-Faced Impala
November First African Lion Workshops Are Successful; IUCN Polar Bear Listing Upgraded
December US Lists New Foreign Species As Endangered


Conservation Force 2004
2004
January Permits To Import Certain Endangered Species Understanding That Draft Trophy Import Policy Change
February Musings of an Old Hunter
March Giant Saltwater Crocodile Hunting May Open
April Who Said What: A Compendium Of Comments
May African Lion Targeted At CITES Meeting
June The Truth About Senator John Kerry
June Two Hunters’ Legacies
July Argali Suit Finally Finished: Positive Gains
July Case Study of a Man-Eating Lion Killing 35 People
September Cats/Canids Bill Introduced; NRA To Push Hunting; Important CITES COP 13 Developments
October Will Lion Hunting Survive? And More....
November What Really Happened At COP13
December More To Come On African Lion


Conservation Force 2003
2003
January On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
February Conservation of the African Lion: Contribution to a Status Survey
March A Reflection on Positive Developments
April DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC, News Analysis, The Argali Case: Court, Hears Mongolia's Appeal
May Conservation News Briefs - A Special Tribute To Gunbearers
June What You Need To Know About Trophy Imports
July Insights From Wildlife Conflict Studies, A Different Perspective For Problem Solving
August How Many Hunters Are There, Really?
September The Antis’ Argali Suit Has Been Dismissed
October Update On The Argali Case
November The Political Future
December Antis Tell Court They Would Rather See Elephants Euthanized Than in a Zoo


Conservation Force 2002
2002
January The Truth About That British Columbia Grizzly Bear “Ban”
February DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - Cameroon Elephant Permits Denied
March SPECIAL REPORT - New USF & WS Director
April The Saga of the Saiga
May The Role And Value Of Hunting
June On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
July Special Report: The Argali Suit - Part I
August Special Report: A Preview Of COP 12
September Zimbabwe Hunting Will Continue – But Zimbabwe Needs You Now
October Understanding Trophy Hunting: A Powerful Conservation Tool
November London March to Save Hunting Breaks All Records
December Santiago, Chile - What Really Happened At CITES COP 12


Conservation Force 2001
2001
March Idaho Approves Nonresident Moose Hunting: A Practical Lesson In Our Democracy
April Special Report On Hunting Why We Do It; Its Conservation Benefits
May Antis Sue To Stop All Argali Trophy Imports
June The Very Latest On That Argali Suit
July Why We Hunt: - Two Important Perspectives
August The Animal Rights 2001 Conference - Terrorism And A Radical Agenda At A Hilton Hotel
September Legal Matters - Update On The Argali Lawsuit
October DATELINE: WASHINGTON Mongolia, Others Denied Role In Argali Lawsuit
November DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - European Trophy Crisis Is Narrowly Averted
December People And Predators. Can They Live Together?




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