The Hunting Report
HomeF.A.QContact Us\View Your Shopping Cart

Questions or Need Help Related to The Hunting Report Newsletter.
Call us at 800-272-5656 or 305-253-5301
Search:

HuntingReport.com
Home » News » World Conservation Force

printer-friendly version e-mail this article

  

Federal Court Rules Hunters’ Interests In Trophies Not Legally Protected

Written By John J. Jackson III, Conservation Force Chairman & President
(posted February 2010)
 

 The Chief Judge in the Federal District Court in San Francisco has finally ruled on the leopard forfeitures case and has ruled against the hunters on every issue. The Court granted the government’s motion to dismiss the case in total. Point for point it agreed with the positions taken by the USF&WS. The Court agreed with the government arguments that any irregularity whatsoever “transforms” the trophy into “contraband illegal to possess,” and hunters have no protection whatsoever under any provision of the US Constitution, statute or regulation regardless of the hunter’s innocence or the disproportionality of the value of the trophy to the $500 civil offense or the miniscule nature of the violation. The fact that it was a government employee’s clerical error in one instance, an accidental loss by the airline carrier in another, and harmless in both, made no difference whatsoever. Hunters are not protected by the Civil Assets Reform Act, CAFRA. In effect, CITES as implemented by the Endangered Species Act supersedes all protection afforded by law as if it were the supreme law of the land.

 The case challenged the forfeiture of one leopard trophy from Zambia and another from Namibia. In both cases the hunters were faultless. In the first case the airline lost the export documents, including the CITES export permit, while the leopard trophy was in transit, i.e. after export while in transit. The inspector would not accept a photocopy even when it was sworn to, nor a copy from the agency that issued it in Zambia, which of course had a copy. He also would not accept the replacement export permit issued by the exporting country’s CITES Authority. When a petition for remission was filed, the Assistant Regional Solicitor was completely unsympathetic to the hunter and denied the petition that had been filed and was based upon common sense grounds advanced by the import broker. Then Conservation Force was brought in and filed a request for reconsideration of the denial. That request raised the innocent owner defense and the proportionality test provided by the Civil Assets Reform Act, CAFRA, which Congress passed to protect innocent owners of property in forfeiture cases. The Assistant Solicitor denied the reconsideration with little fanfare on the basis that hunters were not protected by CAFRA because the trophies were considered “contraband illegal to possess” if imported in violation of CITES, regardless of the miniscule nature of the violation. Moreover, the Assistant Solicitor said that the replacement permit was technically not acceptable because the US CITES Authorities were not notified soon enough when they issued the replacement permit. In the second leopard seizure and forfeiture challenge, the Zambia CITES Authority had inserted mistaken numerals for the duration of the export permit, an obvious and undeniable typographical error, admitted the mistake and offered to issue a corrected export permit or to accept reshipment. The exporting government was wholly at fault and the typographical error was harmless.

 We had a problem because the time to file a “claim” to proceed in Court, instead of before a Solicitor employed by the Department of Interior had expired while the petition for remission ran its course. Yet, the hunters were both definitely innocent, and the penalty of forfeiture was grossly greater than the maximum limit of a $500 civil offense. Plus, the hunters had not even been given the lesser alternative penalty of shipping their trophies back or paying the small civil fine. There was no question about the authenticity of the leopards or the legality of the hunts or underlying conservation benefits. Both were mishaps beyond the control of the hunters who were innocent of any wrongdoing.

 Though there is generally no right to have a court review the “discretionary” decision of a Solicitor to remit or not remit seized private property, we alleged the remittance process before that Solicitor was a sham because the Solicitor, as a practice unknown to the unsuspecting trophy owners, never intended to remit trophies. She had an unknown pattern of denials in other cases. We cited two other cases that left little doubt the Assistant Solicitor was going to deny the petition for remission from the get-go. We asked that the Court review it anew, as well as other practically identical cases in which that Solicitor had demonstrated such indifference to the interests and innocence of the trophy owner. The Court denied the case entirely by holding that there was no right or cause to review the Assistant Solicitor’s decision or the case anew, but the Judge went further; he reviewed each right we contended had been violated and reasoned that they did not apply to CITES listed hunting trophies.

 “As a threshold matter,” the Court addressed whether the trophies were considered “contraband.” It ruled there are two kinds of contraband: per se and derivative. Per se contraband is illegal to posses by its nature (like illegal drugs). Derivative contraband, on the other hand, “is not inherently illegal, but becomes illegal through the manner or the intent with which it is used, possessed or acquired.” The Court held that “Under CAFRA, ‘contraband and other property that it is illegal to possess’ includes property that becomes illegal to possess because of extrinsic circumstances.” “[I]t is unlawful for any person…to import…or to possess any specimens contrary to CITES….The trophies at issue are ‘derivative contraband’ because without the proper permits under CITES, the trophies are illegal to bring into the United States under the ESA (Endangered Species Act)…Thus, while it is not per se illegal to import a leopard trophy, the manner in which plaintiffs brought their trophies into the United States transformed the trophies into contraband for purposes of this action.” Chief Judge Vaughn R. Walker, Conservation Force, a non-profit Corporation, Miguel Madero Blasquez, a hunter; and Colin G. Crook, a hunter, Plaintiffs v. Ken Salazar, United States Secretary of Interior; Rowan Gould, United States Fish and Wildlife Service Acting Director; Daniel G. Shilito, Pacific Southwest Region Solicitor; and Carolyn Lown, Pacific Southwest Region Assistant Solicitor, Defendants, No. 09-1170, U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. The decision/order can be found on Conservation Force’s website at http://www.conservationforce.org/news.html which is our News and Alerts page.

 The Court held that it could not review the Assistant Solicitor’s decisions because CAFRA “provides alternative, not sequential, administrative and legal remedies for an administrative forfeiture. This part of the decision is most certainly incorrect as a general statement. The USF&WS’ own regulations expressly provide that one can still file a court claim after the petition for remission if time still remains, i.e. if the petition for remission is filed soon enough that time remains to file a court claim. In that event, the Court is not really reviewing the discretionary remittance determination made by the Solicitor. Rather, it is considering the matter as a claim, which is the alternative procedure allowed. Nevertheless, the Court never reviews the actual decision of the Solicitor, which is unreviewable and so broad that even the refusal to exercise discretion is not reviewable. (The Solicitor’s discretion includes the authority not to exercise discretion.) The lesson from this is that one should file a petition for remission early enough after receiving notice of seizure that there still will be time remaining to file a claim (which is the alternative procedure) should the Solicitor just rubber stamp the seizure and order forfeiture.

 The Government claimed that the alternative petition for remission process was wholly within the discretion of the Solicitor and could be arbitrary, capricious and still not be reviewable. The Court wholly agreed. Despite this, the Court went on to consider and rule out every conceivable defense raised by the lawsuit as if the case had been a claim before the Court from the origin.

 The Solicitor’s discretion is unlimited unless it breaches the US Constitution. Consequently, the Court still had to address the claim that the hunters were deprived of due process and the argument that the forfeiture was so excessive that it breached the excessive fines clause of the Eighth Amendment. The trophy owners claimed that the value of their trophies (cost of acquisition) greatly exceeded the maximum $500 civil penalty and that they had not been given the opportunity to pay $500 or to reship the trophy over again to correct any defect in the paperwork, both lesser and more balanced alternatives. Though the hunters strongly disagree, the Court held that the civil forfeitures were “remedial because it served to remove congressionally-defined contraband from society….Moreover, CAFRA does not permit the government to return contraband, which would be illegal to possess (in effect the Court here is saying it has less power than the Solicitors that have that discretion)…Plaintiffs therefore cannot legally possess the trophies because the trophies were imported in violation of CITES and the ESA.” (For reader information, the ESA implements CITES and prohibits its violation. Also, one wonders why a Court can’t remit trophies if a Solicitor can.)

 The Court went on to state “[a]dditionally, plaintiffs do not persuade the court that the forfeitures were ‘grossly disproportionate’ to the offenses….” CITES advances the government’s compelling interest in the conservation and protection of endangered species….’ Congress intended endangered species to be afforded the highest of priorities…Any wildlife imported in violation of the ESA is subject to forfeiture to the United States…Plaintiffs failed to comply with the mandates of CITES and the ESA: the resulting forfeitures are clearly within the remedial bounds as set forth by Congress. Therefore, a violation of the Eighth Amendment has not been pled.”

 Of course, we strongly disagree with this reasoning as the underlying trade is favored and supported by quotas set by the Parties to CITES and the enhancement finding made by the USF&WS, as the import permits conclusively demonstrate this fact. The mistakes were harmless, and the maximum penalty for the violations was $500. In one seizure it is a mere paperwork error that is correctable and in fact was cured by the issuance of a replacement permit by the very government that issued the lost export permit. This reasoning suggests that CITES overrides the US Constitution and that Congress (Lacey Act and/or ESA penalty section) can override the Constitution. That USF&WS position, now confirmed by this Court, is extreme in our view.

 The hunters also claimed that the sham remission process (“trust us, we will review and remit your trophy if there are mitigating circumstances”) deprived them of both procedural and substantive due process under the US Constitution. The two cases as well as two others cited in the suit, four in total, demonstrated that the particular Assistant Solicitor had a fixed position and pattern of rubber stamping seizures and ordering forfeiture. The Court denied these claims. It held, “[i]f plaintiffs were permitted to have their trophies returned or retroactive export permits issued, the underlying purpose of CITES would be undermined….Simply put, because the trophies at issue are derivative contraband and the governmental interest in conservation of endangered species is compelling, plaintiffs do not have a fundamental property right in the trophies and their substantive due process claim cannot stand.” The Court totally disregarded the positive nature of this trade and the express CITES Resolution authorizing replacement permits when one is lost, but rest assured it was in the petition, briefs and correspondence of the exporting countries Namibia and Zambia who are astounded by the USF&WS’ attitude in these harmless error cases.

 In denying the procedural due process claim that the whole procedure was a sham, the Court did acknowledge that “derivative contraband is susceptible to protected property rights and cannot be civilly forfeited without a modicum of due process protection,” but then continued that, “[t]he strict permitting requirements of CITES and the ESA are the least restrictive means to promote the government’s compelling interest in the protection and conservation of endangered species…This permitting scheme - with respect to CITES and ESA-listed species - is designed to allow for efficient review of whether the exporting country has issued valid authorization for the export of the specimens…Exceptions to the CITES regime undermine the govern- ment’s ability to further its interest in protecting endangered species….As stated herein, plaintiffs do not have a constitutionally protected property right to the trophies because the trophies were illegally imported in violation of CITES and the ESA.” Again, this is the extreme stance of the USF&WS, i.e. efficient review overrides property rights arising from conservation hunting even when the owner is faultless, the error is harmless and the violation is the lowest level.

 Conservation Force filed a notice of appeal immediately upon the issuance of the Court decision of dismissal. We are going forward with the other cases around the country and still need to hear from lawyers willing to help in all the ports of entry in the US. Those ports are: Anchorage, AK; Atlanta, GA; Baltimore, MD; Boston, MA; Chicago, IL; Dallas/Ft. Worth, TX; Houston, TX; Honolulu, HI; Los Angeles, CA; Louisville, KY; Memphis, TN; Miami, FL; New Orleans, LA; New York, NY; Newark, NJ; Portland, OR; San Francisco, CA; and Seattle, WA. Because many of the detentions and seizures arise from the USF&WS’s new CITES implementing regulations they adopted in August - September of 2007, these cases challenge the underlying regulations themselves. For example, we have had at least five seizures charging that the animal parts were not trophies because they were worked or crafted, like scrimshawed tusks, footstools and tail swishes. The Federal Court claims will test the lawfulness of the regulations that would otherwise go unchallenged, so these cases are not just about protection of hunters’ private, personal property interests. Within the next year we expect to challenge every regulation that was adopted over the objection of the hunting community and foreign nations in 2007. There are many different underlying issues in these cases. We have managed to get a great many trophies released around the country but obviously have to go the full judicial distance with others. Willing attorneys admitted to those Federal Courts, please contact undersigned at 504-837-1233 or jjw-no@att.net.

 It is now time for Congressional reform of CAFRA or the related provision of the ESA. Certainly the curing of harmless mistakes should be allowed, particularly when CITES Resolutions expressly provide for “replacement” permits when permits are lost, “retrospective” permits when mistakes are made for Appendix II species, or the errors are of a mere clerical nature.

 It is important to note that the Court merely accepted the position of the USF&WS on these issues. Something has happened to stop the USF&WS inspectors at ports of entry from accepting innocent and harmless mistakes. The same is true of Solicitors that have stopped exercising discretion in the remission process. Even if they are acting within the bounds of their authority, something is amiss in instances where the trophy owner is innocent, the error is cured by the real country in interest, it is a government error, and/or the error is miniscule and absolutely harmless in degree or kind.

 The errors were totally harmless in the two seizures in this case. In the instance where the air carrier lost the export permit, both the hunter and the exporting government that issued the permit had copies of it and the leopard was permanently tagged with a tag number that perfectly matched the one on the copies of the export permit. This has reached the extreme that it constitutes an attack on conservation through hunting. It most certainly is having a negative impact upon those that do it and those that depend on that hunting.

 The innocent owner defense should apply under CAFRA out of fairness, and the excessive punishment/proportionality test should be applied. CAFRA has a proportionality test as does the Eighth Amendment of the US Constitution. The payment of the maximum fine ($500) or the reshipment of the trophies are both fairer alternatives. In the meantime, it is best to import your trophies defensively. Have your export freight agent and foreign taxidermist use the Problem Checklist we provided in the last issue of this Bulletin – also available on Conservation Force’s web site at http://www.conservationforce.org/pdf/Checklist.pdf. We have just circulated thousands of those at the conventions and in publications. The Problem Checklist is being republished in other media around the world. We are doing everything we can to attack the problem from every angle and welcome all help. We are ready and willing to fight all unwarranted forfeitures, not just roll over. Fight we must. Fight we will. – John J. Jackson, III.



Conservation Force 2014
2014
January Firestorm Email Attacks by Media and Antis
January CIC Milan 61st General Assembly/Crime Summit
January USFWS Re-Notices Proposed ESA Downlisting of Markhor
January Markhor Import Permit Appeal
January Hunter Proud Foundation & Osprey Filming Company
January Intervention in Latest Three Amigos Suit
February Antis’ Antics Have Perverse Negative Effect on Rhino Conservation
March Speech Upon Receiving the Houston Safari Club International Hunter of the Year Award
March Hunting: A Great Debate
April Illegal Wildlife Trade and Poaching
April Conservation Force Solves Liberia Trophy Import Problems
April Elephant Hair and Skin Bracelets Importable
April Conservation Force First Quarter 2014 Report
May USFWS Implements Catastrophic Suspension of Elephant Imports from Tanzania and Zimbabwe
May Letter to USFWS from Robin Hurt
June First Formal Action on Elephant Import Suspension Taken by Conservation Force
July Import Permits Issued for Sulaiman Markhor of Torghar Project
July Trophy Definition to Again Include Worked, Manufactured or Handicraft Items
July Comments Opposing Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Import Suspension
July USFWS Produces Letter of Inquiry to Tanzania on Elephant Populations
August Status of Elephant Import Suspensions for Zimbabwe and Tanzania
August The True Status of White Rhino Populations
August Win the Wild, A Fictionalized Account of How South Africa Reclaimed Its Wildlife Heritage


Conservation Force 2013
2013
January US Fish and Wildlife Service Announces 90-Day Finding on ESA Listing for African Lion
February Why Hunt Wild Cats: Arguments Previously Made By USFWS and African Nations
March World Conservation Force Bulletin Enters Its 18th Year
March Mozambique and Cameroon Hippo Trade Suspended by CITES
March Final Findings of National Survey Reports A Record Number of Big Game Hunters
March 2012 Zambia Elephant Trophy Imports Approved
March On Receiving The Peter Hathaway Capstick Hunting Heritage Award
April A CITES CoP16 Report: Key Wins, Some Losses for the Hunting Community
April What Was Truly at Stake with the Polar Bear Proposal
May USFWS Grants First Black Rhino Import Permit
May Evaluating Namibia’s Rhino Program
May Rhino Populations Grow Despite Poaching
June CIC General Assembly Adopts Recommendations for African Lion and White Rhino
June Double Quotas Not Yet Resolved in USA
June Equal Allocation of New Mexico Nonresident Licenses for Rocky Mountain and Desert Bighorn Sheep, Oryx and Ibex Challenged Again
June Wood Bison Cases Still in Court
June Black Rhino Public Education
July USFWS Denies Petitions to Remove Private, Captive Populations of Species from ESA: Scimitar-horned Oryx, Dama Gazelle and Addax Denied
July Polar Bear Litigation Developments
July Finally, All Gray Wolves Proposed for Removal from ESA
July Status of the Petition to List the Lion as Endangered: African Lion Workshop
August Court Turns Deaf Ear to Polar Bear Enhancement Permit Applicants for Gulf of Boothia
August Newly Published Monograph on Hunting & Conservation
August Family Hunts Under One License are Illegal
August Wildlife for the 21st Century, Volume IV
September Downlisting of Straight-Horned Markhor Delayed; USFWS to Issue Revised Proposed Rule to Reclassify Species Under ESA
September New Trophy Seizure Issues Arise
September New Mexico Nonresident Terk Case Revving Up
September Polar Bear Listing Now Before US Supreme Court
October US Fish & Wildlife Lists White Rhino as Threatened
October Two Articles on Black Rhino Trophy Imports
October Defense of Terk Decision Needs Support
October Two Colorado State Senators Recalled for Passage of Firearms Restrictions
October Cheetah Numbers Increasing
November US Supreme Court Denies Polar Bear Writ
November Court Should Hold Feds Accountable for Questionable ESA Listing
November Succession and Development: “What will We Do When You are Gone?
November Black Rhino Auction: A Dream Come True
December Unintended Consequences May Arise from Presidential Executive Order to Combat Wildlife Trafficking
December The Crush: Whose Ivory was Destroyed and Will It Truly Curtail Poaching?
December Climate Change Used to Reopen Wolverine Listing Proposal
December Conservation Force Wins FOIA Suit for Records Revealing Why USFWS Stalled Markhor Downlisting
December Suit Threatens Three Amigos Permitting Process; Conservation Force and Allied Organizations to Intervene


Conservation Force 2012
2012
January HSUS Threatens Conservation Force’s Asian Projects and Partners
January Markhor III Suit Filed to Compel 12-Month Downlisting Finding
January Serious Irregularities in Administrative Records and Scientific Findings
January Can You Offer for Sale or Sell an “Endangered” Listed Species Without a Permit?
February Conservation Force Partners with SAVE Valley Conservancy
February New Mexico Further Restricts Nonresident Hunting
February An Open Letter to Ranchers and Hunters of ESA Listed Exotics in The US
March Trophy Seizure Threat Reaches New High; USFWS Conduct Reaches New Low
March Some Court Success in Seizure Cases
March New Study Quantifies the Importance of Lion Hunting
March Onsite Report: The Etosha Meeting of African Lion Working Group
March Conservation Force Legal Action Update
April USF&WS Proposes New CITES Regulations
April Update on Three Amigos: Dama Gazelle, Addax and Scimitar-horned Oryx
April CF Board Members Selected To Important IUCN Posts
April Help Needed For Conservation Force Intern Program
May Wood Bison II Litigation Successfully Concluded: Court Overturns USFWS Enhancement Permit Denials
May Markhor III Suit Settled
June Dr. James Teer, Founding Member of Conservation Force, Dies
June Canadian Wood Bison Downlisted! Trophies Now Importable
July National Fish & Wildlife Conservation Congress in Canada
July Hunting for an Acceptable Image: Building Public Acceptance for Sustainable Use of Wildlife
July USFWS Considering Positions for CITES CoP16
July Antis Again Challenge “Trophy” Definition
August Promising Polar Bear Developments: Scientists Stand Corrected
August Last Brief in Markhor I Suit Filed
August Power Outages – Shortfalls
September Success! USFWS Proposes the Downlisting & Importation of Torghar Markhor Without an ESA Import Permit
October The National Survey Shows Increase in Hunters and Big Game Hunting
October South Africa’s Protected Area Act of 2003 Hurts Wildlife & Habitats
October CIC President Bernard Lozé: “Banning Lion Hunting Endangers The Survival of Lions in the Wild!”
October Update on Our Freedom of Information Act Suits
November CITES CoP16 Proposals Published: White Rhino, Polar Bear, Elephant, Pyrenean Chamois, Leopard Permits
November Remarks of Deborah Lyons, Deputy Head of Mission, at the Inuit Delegation - Polar Bear Reception at Embassy of Canada, Washington, D.C., September 20, 2012
November 3 Amigos: USFWS Makes 90-Day Finding to Review Downlisting Those Species in USA
November PH Stu Taylor Recovery Fund Established
December Worked Elephant Ivory Tusks Not Importable: US Court Holds Import Violated Four Laws and Orders Forfeiture of Zimbabwe Elephant Tusk
December Waning Status of Hunting-Based Conservation in Botswana: Latest Developments
December Bill Poole Enshrined Into the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame


Conservation Force 2011
2011
January Court Rules No Fees Due in Permit Cases
January Delays & Revelations In Wood Bison Suit
February A Step-by-Step Guide On Who Is Responsible For What
February Billy Ray Parnell Purple Heart Program
March Wood Bison Initiative Enters Final Stage
March Lead Issue Taken to Court
March Both Markhor Cases Moving Forward
March Zambia Initiative Success
April Africa: Antis Petition Listing Of African Lion on ESA
April Success in Iran
April Scientists Recant Tipping Point Theory That Doomed the Polar Bear
April Plains Bison Listing Petition Denials
April The Osprey Filming Company
May Special Coverage On Polar Bear: Sustainable Use On Trial
June Special Coverage On Elephant Imports: Challenging The USFWS Definition of “Trophy”
July USFWS Makes Positive Markhor Finding
July New Eruption Atop Mountain of Seizures
July USFWS Enforces Validation Requirement On CITES Permits
July Pakistan Export Permits Don’t Have a Validation Section
August US District Court Denies All Challenges to Listing the Polar Bear as “Threatened”
August Permit Exclusions Eliminated for “The Three Amigos”
September Important Developments at 25th Meeting of the CITES Animals Committee
September Abusive Use of Polar Bear Drowning Misinformation
September Cheetah Import Permits Denied Again
October Special Coverage: Getting To The Root Of The Trophy Seizure Crisis – The History and Genesis Of The Problem
November District Court Denies Relief In Zambia
and Mozambique Elephant Import Suits
December Success! Zambia Elephant Import Permits Issued By USFWS
December Update on Seizure and Forfeiture Crisis


Conservation Force 2010
2010
January Special Report: Addressing The US Trophy Seizure Crisis
February Federal Court Rules Hunters’ Interests In Trophies Not Legally Protected
March CF Creates Permanent Litigation Division
March Special Report: Conservation Force Chairman Receives International Statesman Award
March Briefly Noted
April Conservation Force Institutes Industry-Commercial Services Sponsorships
April Briefly Noted
April Dr. Dale Toweill Joins Conservation Force Board of Advisors
May Special Report: Focus On CITES CoP15
June 57th CIC General Assembly: Expanding Scope, Participation & Influence
June Briefly Noted
July The Supreme Court Invalidates Overly Broad Cruelty Law In Light of the Acceptability of Hunting
August Status of Wood Bison Suits Against USFWS
September The Important Historical Role of Hunters To Both Public and Private Land Conservation
September Pakistan: New Markhor Down-listing Petition Filed
October CBD Pushes To Ban All Lead Ammo & Fish Gear
November Important New Development in Trophy Seizure Crisis
November Anticlimactic Polar Bear Court Hearing
December A Tool For Lion Hunters: The Pocket Guide To Aging Lions
December Polar Bear Listing Cases Status
December St. Petersburg Hosts 58th CIC General Assembly


Conservation Force 2009
2009
January 2008 In Review Bio-political Developments
February Crisis Over Trophies In Transit Resolved
February Two Important Legal Actions
March Lion Campaign Kicks Off In The Nick of Time
March Polar Bear Update: Law Suit Sets New Precedent On Listings
March Briefly Noted
April "Challenges and Solutions for the Conservation of Lions and Other Large Carnivores in Sub-Saharan Africa" February 17th-18th Maroua, Cameroon
May Trophy Seizures & Forfeiture Crisis: Problems and Resolutions
May Briefly Noted
June Cheetah & Black-faced Impala Permits Denied
June Briefly Noted
July National Action Plans Save Lion Initiative
July Briefly Noted
August Tanzania To Enforce Age Limits On Trophy Lions
August Three Antelope Case A Win For Conservation
August Briefly Noted
September The Unrealized Potential of Conservation Hunting
September North America: Latest Developments On Polar Bear
October Mozambique: Niassa Elephant Trophy
November Africa: Suit Filed Over Zambia Elephant Import Permits
November Arctic: USF&WS Proposes CITES Uplist Polar Bear
November Polar Bear Lawsuits Challenging the Listing Decision
December Special Report: African Lion Spared the CITES Axe, For Now
December Bill Poole: “A Lion of a Man”
December Special Report: CITES Proposals for CoP15, March 2010


Conservation Force 2008
2008
January CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
January Polar Bear Developments
February Conservation News Developments
March Breaking News On Argali Draws
April Polar Bear Decision: Some Thoughts About That Continuing Delay
April CAMEROON: All About The New CAMNARES Program
May Conversation Force to Intervene
May Briefly Noted
June Polar Bear Listing: Assessing The Impact And Mapping A Way Forward
June CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
August Update On Kashmir Markhor
August Polar Bear Imports: Immediate Ban Upheld
August A Word About The Bob Kern Trial
September Study Analyzes Work Of NGO’s In African Wildlife Conservation
September Tanzania: Elephant Permit Crisis Averted
September Briefly Noted
October New Efforts To Reverse The Polar Bear Listing
October USF&WS Seizing Some Utilitarian Trophy Items
November Nation-by-Nation Plans To Save African Lion
November Hunting For Truth: Why Rationalizing The Ritual Must Fail
November Briefly Noted
November USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
November Leadership, People and Science
December USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
December Briefly Noted


Conservation Force 2007
2007
January Largest Hunting Development in the World
January Philippe Chardonnet Elected to Conservation Force Board
January PHASA AGM: An On-Site Report
February Polar Bear and Trophy Imports Both In Jeopardy
March A Second Threat to Polar Bear Import
March Guide To Aging Lions Is Now Available
March Briefly Noted
April Understanding The Issues And Proposals
April Our Polar Bear Comment: A Report
June Namibia: Help Is Available On Seized Leopards
June Belgrade: All About The Latest CIC General Assembly
June Special Report: New Conservation DVD Is Getting Attention
June CITES Meeting: The Latest Developments
June What Do You Say To A Liberal Intellectual Who Has Never Hunted?
July What Really Happened at CITES COP14 In The Hague
August Markhor Import Denial Raises Big Questions
September White House Orders National Hunting Conference
October Reflections On 10 Years Of Conservation Force
October Bear Listing Proposal: USGS Releases Reports
November Petitions to Free Siezed Trophies Successful
November Polar Bear Crisis Heats Up
November Briefly Noted
December Important Development in Markhor Conservation
December A Commentary On The National Geographic Article About “Hunters: For Love of the Land”


Conservation Force 2006
2006
January Highlights of 2005
February Protectionist File Suit To List All Polar Bear Under the Endangered Species Act
March ESA Listing Pending Polar Bear Crisis Is Growing
April The Real Significance If Polar Bear Are Listed
May One Important Nonresident Rights Case Continues
June Comment On “Draft Norms & Standards for the Regulations of the Hunting Industry in South Africa
July Symposium May Affect The Future Of Hunting; Progress Reported On Black Faced Impala
August Assessing The Impact Of Interior Dept. Turnover
September Mozambique Elephant Trophy Import Permit Applications Denied
October BC Bear Report And “Stricter Domestic Measures:” An Analysis Of The Connections
November UK Meetings Focus On Hunting/Conservation
December Wildlife ‘Compact’ Has Downsides / Gala Tanzania Banquet / Last Nonresident Suit


Conservation Force 2005
2005
January The End of Nonresident Hunting Rights
February African Elephant Downlisted to Vulnerable
March Southwest Alaska Profile In Conservation
April The Truth About That Polar Bear Petition
May The Legally Structured Role of Hunting and Fishing in the US and Abroad
June Nonresidents Stripped of Constitutional Rights in Congress
July Black Rhino Hunting Development
August Elephant Hunting Is Fully Open In Zambia / Getting A Handle On “Sustainable Use”
September Russia: The “Real Skinny On That Hunting Closure
October Hurricane Katrina Threatens Conservation Force
October USFW&S Denies Permits For Black-Faced Impala
November First African Lion Workshops Are Successful; IUCN Polar Bear Listing Upgraded
December US Lists New Foreign Species As Endangered


Conservation Force 2004
2004
January Permits To Import Certain Endangered Species Understanding That Draft Trophy Import Policy Change
February Musings of an Old Hunter
March Giant Saltwater Crocodile Hunting May Open
April Who Said What: A Compendium Of Comments
May African Lion Targeted At CITES Meeting
June The Truth About Senator John Kerry
June Two Hunters’ Legacies
July Argali Suit Finally Finished: Positive Gains
July Case Study of a Man-Eating Lion Killing 35 People
September Cats/Canids Bill Introduced; NRA To Push Hunting; Important CITES COP 13 Developments
October Will Lion Hunting Survive? And More....
November What Really Happened At COP13
December More To Come On African Lion


Conservation Force 2003
2003
January On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
February Conservation of the African Lion: Contribution to a Status Survey
March A Reflection on Positive Developments
April DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC, News Analysis, The Argali Case: Court, Hears Mongolia's Appeal
May Conservation News Briefs - A Special Tribute To Gunbearers
June What You Need To Know About Trophy Imports
July Insights From Wildlife Conflict Studies, A Different Perspective For Problem Solving
August How Many Hunters Are There, Really?
September The Antis’ Argali Suit Has Been Dismissed
October Update On The Argali Case
November The Political Future
December Antis Tell Court They Would Rather See Elephants Euthanized Than in a Zoo


Conservation Force 2002
2002
January The Truth About That British Columbia Grizzly Bear “Ban”
February DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - Cameroon Elephant Permits Denied
March SPECIAL REPORT - New USF & WS Director
April The Saga of the Saiga
May The Role And Value Of Hunting
June On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
July Special Report: The Argali Suit - Part I
August Special Report: A Preview Of COP 12
September Zimbabwe Hunting Will Continue – But Zimbabwe Needs You Now
October Understanding Trophy Hunting: A Powerful Conservation Tool
November London March to Save Hunting Breaks All Records
December Santiago, Chile - What Really Happened At CITES COP 12


Conservation Force 2001
2001
March Idaho Approves Nonresident Moose Hunting: A Practical Lesson In Our Democracy
April Special Report On Hunting Why We Do It; Its Conservation Benefits
May Antis Sue To Stop All Argali Trophy Imports
June The Very Latest On That Argali Suit
July Why We Hunt: - Two Important Perspectives
August The Animal Rights 2001 Conference - Terrorism And A Radical Agenda At A Hilton Hotel
September Legal Matters - Update On The Argali Lawsuit
October DATELINE: WASHINGTON Mongolia, Others Denied Role In Argali Lawsuit
November DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - European Trophy Crisis Is Narrowly Averted
December People And Predators. Can They Live Together?




Site Map
Home | Subscription Related | Articles & Reports | Trophies  | Advertising | E-mail Extra | Online Store

The Hunting Report Copyright © 2014Who We Are/What We Do / Privacy Policy / Contact Us


Hunting Newsletter
Hunting in Africa, Hunting in Canada, Hunting in Russia...it's all here!
Read an issue of The Hunting Report Newsletter online right now!
Get the latest issue of The Hunting Report Newsletter by mail.
Hunting Africa, hunting russia, hunting europe....It's all one click away!

Outfitter Reports
Hunting Outfitter Reports
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Hunting Reports & Articles
Hunting Experiences
From Fellow Hunters
Angola Hunting (1)
Argentina Hunting (113)
Armenia Hunting (3)
Australia Hunting (99)
Austria Hunting (7)
Azerbaijan Hunting (19)
Benin Hunting (16)
Botswana Hunting (99)
Bulgaria Hunting (2)
Burkina Faso Hunting (4)
Cameroon Hunting (106)
Central African Republic Hunting (54)
Chad Hunting (8)
Chile Hunting (3)
China Hunting (13)
Croatia Hunting (5)
Czech Republic Hunting (5)
Ecuador Hunting (1)
England Hunting (23)
Estonia Hunting (2)
Ethiopia Hunting (38)
France Hunting (1)
Germany Hunting (1)
Ghana Hunting (2)
Greece Hunting (2)
Greenland Hunting (4)
Hungary Hunting (9)
Iceland Hunting (2)
Italy Hunting (1)
Iran Hunting (2)
Kazakhstan Hunting (11)
Kyrgyzstan Hunting (20)
Liberia Hunting (6)
Macedonia Hunting (5)
Mexico Hunting (137)
Mongolia Hunting (67)
Mozambique Hunting (79)
Namibia Hunting (256)
Nepal Hunting (2)
New Caledonia Hunting (19)
New Zealand Hunting (217)
Pakistan Hunting (17)
Papua New Guinea Hunting (4)
Philippines Hunting (3)
Poland Hunting (5)
Romania Hunting (11)
Russia Hunting (80)
Scotland Hunting (28)
Serbia Hunting (1)
Slovakia Hunting (1)
Slovenia Hunting (3)
South Africa Hunting (718)
Spain Hunting (171)
Sudan Hunting (4)
Switzerland Hunting (4)
Tajikistan Hunting (37)
Tanzania Hunting (256)
Turkey Hunting (24)
Turkmenistan Hunting (10)
Uganda Hunting (10)
Ukraine Hunting (3)
Vietnam Hunting (1)
Yugoslavia Hunting (1)
Zambia Hunting (143)
Zimbabwe Hunting (537)


Hunting Reports & Articles
Hunting Experiences
From Fellow Hunters
Alberta Hunting (115)
Manitoba Hunting (22)
New Brunswick Hunting (4)
Newfoundland Hunting (32)
Nunavut Hunting (65)
Northwest Territories Hunting (195)
Ontario Hunting (11)
Quebec Hunting (47)
Saskatchewan Hunting (51)
Yukon Hunting (80)


Hunting Reports & Articles
Hunting Experiences
From Fellow Hunters
Alabama Hunting (5)
Alaska Hunting (475)
Arizona Hunting (41)
California Hunting (68)
Colorado Hunting (83)
Florida Hunting (25)
Georgia Hunting (3)
Hawaii Hunting (16)
Idaho Hunting (39)
Illinois Hunting (15)
Iowa Hunting (7)
Kansas Hunting (28)
Kentucky Hunting (5)
Louisiana Hunting (4)
Maine Hunting (13)
Maryland Hunting (1)
Michigan Hunting (27)
Minnesota Hunting (1)
Mississippi Hunting (3)
Missouri Hunting (8)
Montana Hunting (65)
Nebraska Hunting (7)
Nevada Hunting (33)
New Hampshire Hunting (2)
New Jersey Hunting (1)
New Mexico Hunting (92)
New York Hunting (8)
North Carolina Hunting (3)
North Dakota Hunting (3)
Ohio Hunting (2)
Oklahoma Hunting (1)
Oregon Hunting (18)
Pennsylvania Hunting (2)
South Carolina Hunting (7)
South Dakota Hunting (9)
Tennessee Hunting (1)
Texas Hunting (257)
Utah Hunting (31)
Vermont Hunting (3)
Washington Hunting (6)
Wisconsin Hunting (3)
Wyoming Hunting (143)
 
Hunting Reports & Articles
Hunting Experiences
From Fellow Hunters
Alligator Hunting (22)
Antelope Hunting (355)
   Blackbuck Antelope
   Klipspringer Antelope
   Pronghorn Antelope
Argali Hunting (77)
Banteng Hunting (32)
Bear Hunting (704)
   Black Bear
   Brown Bear
   Grizzly Bear
   Polar Bear
Bison Hunting (20)
Blesbok Hunting (315)
Bobcat Hunting (29)
Bongo Hunting (61)
Bontebok Hunting (38)
Buffalo Hunting (1004)
   Cape Buffalo
   Nile Buffalo
   Water Buffalo
Bushbuck Hunting (633)
   Chobe Bushbuck
   Harnessed Bushbuck
   Limpopo Bushbuck
   Masai Bushbuck
   Menelik Bushbuck
Bushpig Hunting (137)
Caracal Hunting (87)
Caribou Hunting (314)
   Central Canada Caribou
   Mountain Caribou
   Quebec-Labrador Caribou
Cat Hunting (86)
Chamois Hunting (203)
   Cantabrian Chamois
Cheetah Hunting (18)
Chevrotain Hunting (2)
Civet Hunting (33)
Coyote Hunting (19)
Crocodile Hunting (181)
Deer Hunting (1302)
   Brocket Deer
   Columbia Blacktail Deer
   Coues Whitetail Deer
   Desert Mule Deer
   Fallow Deer
   Hog Deer
   Mule Deer
   Pere David Deer
   Red Deer
   Roe Deer
   Rusa Deer
   Sambar Deer
   Sika Deer
   Sitka Blacktail Deer
   Water Deer
   Whitetail Deer
Dik-Dik Hunting (65)
Donkey Hunting (4)
Duiker Hunting (453)
   Blue Duiker
   Bush Duiker
   Common Duiker
   Red-Flanked Duiker
Eland Hunting (611)
   Cape Eland
   Giant Eland
Elephant Hunting (374)
Elk Hunting (285)
   Asian Elk
   Rocky Mountain Elk
   Roosevelt Elk
   Tule Elk
Gazelle Hunting (142)
   Goitered Gazelle
   Grant Gazelle
   Soemmerring Gazelle
   Thomson Gazelle
   Tibetan Gazelle
Gemsbok/Oryx Hunting (503)
Gerenuk Hunting (57)
Giraffe Hunting (94)
Goat Hunting (147)
   Feral Goat
   Mountain Goat
Grysbok Hunting (97)
Hartebeest Hunting (207)
   Red Hartebeest
Hippopotamus Hunting (212)
Hyena Hunting (162)
Ibex Hunting (263)
   Beceite Spanish Ibex
   Gredos Ibex
Impala Hunting (750)
Jaguar Hunting (2)
Javelina Hunting (39)
Kob Hunting (68)
Korrigum Hunting (6)
Kudu Hunting (1006)
   Greater Kudu
   Lesser Kudu
Lechwe Hunting (135)
   Red Lechwe
Leopard Hunting (541)
Lion Hunting (472)
   Mountain Lion
Lynx Hunting (34)
Markhor Hunting (9)
Moose Hunting (254)
   Mountain Moose
   Shiras Moose
Mouflon Hunting (104)
Muntjac Hunting (16)
Musk Ox Hunting (54)
Nilgai Hunting (16)
Nyala Hunting (303)
   Mountain Nyala
Oribi Hunting (106)
Ox Hunting (60)
Peccary Hunting (29)
Prarie Dog Hunting (5)
Puku Hunting (95)
Reedbuck Hunting (355)
   Mountain Reedbuck
Reindeer Hunting (6)
Rhebok Hunting (72)
Rhinoceros Hunting (84)
Roan Hunting (187)
Sable Hunting (369)
Sheep Hunting (669)
   Aoudad Sheep
   Barbary Sheep
   Bighorn Sheep
   Blue Sheep
   California Big Horn Sheep
   Corsican Sheep
   Dall Sheep
   Desert Bighorn Sheep
   Feral Sheep
   Four-Horned Sheep
   Kerman Sheep
   Mouflon Sheep
   Red Sheep
   Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
   Soay Sheep
   Stone Sheep
Sitatunga Hunting (112)
Springbok Hunting (406)
Steenbok Hunting (220)
Suni Hunting (39)
Tahr Hunting (149)
   Himalayan Tahr
Takin Hunting (1)
Tiang Hunting (11)
Topi Hunting (38)
Tsessebe Hunting (94)
Tur Hunting (7)
Urial Hunting (18)
Varmint Hunting (71)
Warthog Hunting (696)
Waterbuck Hunting (471)
Wildebeest Hunting (665)
   Black Wildebeest
   Blue Wildebeest
Wolf Hunting (231)
Wolverine Hunting (45)
Yak Hunting (3)
Zebra Hunting (725)
   Burchell's Zebra