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"Challenges and Solutions for the Conservation of Lions and Other Large Carnivores in Sub-Saharan Africa" February 17th-18th Maroua, Cameroon

Written By John J. Jackson III, Conservation Force Chairman & President
(posted April 2009)
 

(Editor Note: Conservation Force was invited to speak at a lion workshop in northern Cameroon last month. The meeting was attended by all the lion range states in western and central Africa as well as Ethiopia and Kenya. This workshop is one more important step in saving the lion, but we still need $200,000 more in the next two months to complete the necessary national action plans. Following is my presentation to those attending the workshop, reviewing what we have accomplished so far. It followed introductory remarks about Conservation Force and about the conservation history of U.S. hunters in general.)


The Role of Conservation Force in African Lion Conservation
By John J. Jackson, III, Chairman, Conservation Force

 Conservation Force has invested millions of dollars in lion conservation since 2000, but our efforts started long before that. I’ll begin my review with the Predator Committee of the Namibia Professional Hunters Association (NAPHA). I serve on that committee. It covers all predators. Three things arise from Conservation Force’s work on the cheetah in Namibia that you may find of note for lion.

 The cheetah conservation strategy adopted by Namibia in the early 90s was the first national strategic plan for any kind of cat in Africa. Second, it called for the creation of a staff post, a “Predator Coordinator,” and third, it formed a Predator Committee made up of ministry, private stakeholders and NGOs. We believe those components would be useful for national lion and/or predator action plans needed in all of Africa today - a staff coordinator, predator committee of stakeholders and an explicit action plan.

 Namibia has become renowned for its private and communal conservancies, and Conservation Force has been partnering in both. We are proud to participate with World Wildlife Fund’s LIFE Plus project that is evolving into 80 communal conservancies covering 49 million acres. In partnership with Dallas Safari Club, we fund the Quota Coordinator for this project. He goes into the field and meets with the communities, for they participate in the quota-setting and decision-making process in meetings. It is an amazing thing to witness and, most importantly, it is part of the magic formula that transforms the local community into responsible stakeholders.

 The government grants them ownership if the communities gather together and satisfy the conservancy legal requisites. But it is not the benefits alone but the participation in the decision-making process that does the trick. We learned that in the CAMPFIRE Program of Zimbabwe, and it works. The local people are full participants, as they must be. What is remarkable in that program, and virtually all of the others that Conservation Force partners with across Africa, is that the lion population doubled, then tripled, as has the prey base. It works. It can be done. We can really save the lion. Incidentally, Namibia has just held a workshop drafting a national lion action plan.

 Moving over to Mozambique, Conservation Force Board member Philippe Chardonnet, under the auspices of IGF in Paris (the International Foundation for the Conservation of Wildlife) has just completed the preliminary field work to determine the status of lion. Philippe is under contract to assist in organizing a national workshop to establish a national lion action plan.

 We also attended the Niassa Reserve PH Association annual meeting with Dr. Craig Packer to persuade the PHs to adopt best tourist hunting practices. The PHs in the reserve and buffer zone volunteered to take only lions six years of age or older. They have elected to follow the guideposts of Savannas Forever, the six-year rule that Conservation Force has partnered in from the inception. The PHs are also engaged in scientific data collection and sampling. They are working with and supporting the Beggs, who are members of the African Lion Working Group, in all they do. Conservation Force in turn acts as a funding facilitator, since we are a public charity and contributions by clients are tax deductible. Again, the lion population is growing.

 In South Africa, we participated in, authored and co-authored papers in the IUCN and CWS back-on-back regional lion workshops for Southern and Eastern Africa. We provided the funding for the Kruger Park survey work of Paul Funston – the first complete census of that park’s lion population.

 At the request of PHASA, the Professional Hunters Association of South Africa, and Sarel van der Merwe of the African Lion Working Group that we partner with and are members of, we have been supporting the effort to end “canned” lion hunting in South Africa. It is not an acceptable practice to the hunters themselves. The Professional Hunters Association of South Africa is behind the effort to improve practices. I have reminded them that the first ethic is conservation of the species being hunted, not what is fashionable or not fashionable at the present time. For example, the white rhino has been saved in large part because of so-called “canned” rhino hunting; so, should we not do the same with the black rhino?

 PHASA has supported the government in passing regulations controlling this practice. But there is a point to discussing this form of hunting for our purposes today. There are more captive-bred lion in South Africa than all of the lion in West and Central Africa together, and that is because of the revenue and incentives produced by a practice that is no longer acceptable to mainstream hunters and society. Peter Jackson, the long-time chair of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group, was fond of stating that the tiger could be saved through captive breeding for hunting. The point is not the acceptability of that practice, but the possible power from the revenue and incentives to produce lion positively if we put human incentives to work for the lion. My point is that perhaps in our search we can find other incentive combinations that can work to save the lion across Africa.

 Zambia just held its workshop to develop a national action plan for lion, and Conservation Force supported Philippe Chardonnet’s participation and paper presentation. We have also just contracted with lion researcher Paula White and will shortly produce a book on lion aging in that region. She has found that tooth dentine rings are not a reliable indicator of the age of a lion. She analyzed the corresponding teeth from both sides of the mouth and they indicated different ages! You know what that means. That said, we have found x-rays of the pulp cavity to be a reliable indicator of age. Conservation Force has provided x-ray machines in the Serengeti in Tanzania and in Botswana as well as the surrounding countries for pulp cavity viewing. In those instances, even if the age of the lion can’t be pre-determined, it can be determined from the teeth after the lion is taken. Then the quota can be adjusted accordingly (downward if less than five years of age, but of no biological consequence if over five years of age).

 We helped initiate and continue to fund an extremely successful program with the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) in Zambia: the Poacher Retraining Program. It was found that only a small number of individuals were doing most of the poaching. The poachers are identified and given a voluntary opportunity to be retrained in a more lucrative occupation if they sign an agreement not to poach. It has worked and worked well – and why shouldn’t it? That program was a strategy developed by Dale Lewis of WCS, a long-time partner of Conservation Force.

 In Botswana we have helped fund or participated in three predator workshops, but they still don’t have a national action plan. We have long funded the Winterbach’s lion surveys in the Okavango that have shown a very healthy population. That survey is based upon the distinct whisker patterns of lion that come to baiting stations. We are currently funding a project in the Kalahari that is ground truthing the reliability of lion and prey aerial surveys. We are comparing the ground sightings and signs on the ground to the aerial reports in hope of developing a formula for adjusting aerial survey estimates that Botswana has customarily used.

 It was in Botswana that Conservation Force created the 2.5 million dollar Lions Forever Trust Fund. It was to be funded by hunters, who were being asked to donate $10,000 above the cost of their lion hunt to Conservation Force, which is a 501 (c)(3) public charity in the US, so the sum would be tax-deductible to the hunter. Though the Fund was ultimately rejected by the President-elect of Botswana for reasons I still fail to understand, the concept carried over. It was followed by our Rann-Force Project. In that project, Rann Safaris asked each of its lion hunters to contribute $10,000 above the cost of the hunt as a tax-deductible contribution. Half of that money went to lion conservation within Botswana and half was expended Africa-wide where needed, such as in Paul Funston’s Kruger Lion Study. The hunters care and, through Conservation Force, have been made a greater force for conservation.

 In Zimbabwe, our most recent work was to help institute better lion hunting practices, particularly around Hwange National Park. We were asked by the leading PH in the Guayi Valley Conservancy to persuade private landowners to treat lion as valued trophies instead of cattle-killing vermin; not to shoot females and young males, but instead to let them mature into valuable trophy assets worth more than cattle. The conservancy members signed on – but soon they lost their lands and conservation roles altogether.

 In Zimbabwe we still coordinate and communicate with the Director of Parks and others. Zimbabwe may be the first country to draft and adopt a final national lion action plan, demonstrating something remains of its historic leadership.

 That brings us to Tanzania, the lion capital of the world, which has developed a national action plan at a workshop. The Chardonnet Lion Study as it has come to be called was also funded by Conservation Force. It found that the Tanzania lion population, like the prey population and habitat in that country, may be greater than all the rest of the wild world. Incidentally, Kristen Nowell, the Vice Chair of the Cat Specialist Group of IUCN describes the Chardonnet Study as being the most comprehensive and complete lion study ever done at that time of any wild cat species. We at Conservation Force are proud of that contribution towards the study of the status of the lion. 

 Dr. Craig Packer originated Savannas Forever in Tanzania, the program to experimentally limit trophy lion hunting to lion six years of age or older. Conservation Force partnered with Craig Packer on that from its inception. After two years and consultation with 12 experts across Africa, Conservation Force contracted with Karyl Whitman to produce the Aging Guide, and we have hawked it in presentations before most of the professional hunter associations and leading safari companies from Tanzania to Mozambique.

 The Simba Simba model suggests that the taking of lion five years of age or older has practically no effect on the population to such a degree that no population estimate or quota may even be necessary. Of equal importance to Conservation Force was raising the esteem of lion as a trophy of greater value. There is merit to discouraging the taking of juvenile males. It goes hand in hand with raising the economic value of this important, renewable resource that in turn can be translated into community benefits and local tolerance and incentive. Conservation Force also funded Dr. Packer’s research into how to reduce lion man-eating in Tanzania. 

 That brings me to our premier community development project in Tanzania, the Cullman-Hurt Community Development Project, which recently has been renamed the Robin Hurt Wildlife Fund after Joseph Cullman’s death. I serve as a Board member and Treasurer of that Fund, and Conservation Force acts as its US charitable partner. It was conceived by billionaire Joseph Cullman and his hunting buddy Russ Train, the father of WWF in the US, while on an elephant hunt in Tanzania with Robin Hurt. This is how it works. The hunting clients donate 20 percent above the cost of their trophy fees to Conservation Force as a charitable contribution. Most contribute more! This appeals to hunters with a conservation ethic. The project has constructed more than 50 schools in 33 communities, operates 12 medical dispensaries, two of which are mobile units, operates four fully-equipped and vehicled anti-poaching units and much more. The lion population is growing or stable.

 Importantly, it was intended to act as a model for other safari operators across Africa. Through Conservation Force, it is multiplying. We have similar conservation partnerships across Africa and around the world. Without going into detail, I have half a dozen different brochures of such projects from Tanzania to Mozambique. These are successfully marketed to hunting clients around the campfire, thanks in part to American movies that have romanticized Africa and the safari so well. Incidentally, such periodic movies can go a long way in saving the lion by recruiting donors. American hunters are conservationists at heart, as I’ve explained. Conservation Force is representative of that, and we are in the non-profit business of putting that “conservation DNA” in American hunters to work for the African lion and African people. It is our niche. It goes beyond the mandatory user-pay system.

 In Kenya, we have supported the mitigation work of WCS and Laurence Frank in Lakipia and also his mobile community education project. Like Conservation Force, he is focused on private lands and beyond the park borders. Although Kenya does not have tourist hunting, what he learns may be invaluable to all.

 That brings us closer to your direct interest, West and Central Africa. Conservation Force and its leaders have a long history here in Cameroon, primarily in elephant conservation. Unfortunately, that has folded because the US Fish & Wildlife Service (USF&WS) will not let elephant hunting trophies be imported because they are listed on Appendix I of CITES. It has been practically impossible to establish import of new listed Appendix I species into the US. Your Secretary General of Ministry of Forest and Fauna, Dennis Kolunga, worked hard and did everything within this country’s means to satisfy the USF&WS, but was rebuked, to put it mildly. Seven years in court did not help. Luckily, a CITES import permit is not needed for lion from the USF&WS at this time.

 Of course, Conservation Force participated in authored and co-authored papers at the WCS/IUCN West and Central Africa Regional Lion Workshop in Douala in December 2004. We have also supported IGF’s Carnet De Brousse, which engages the PH and hunting companies throughout West and Central Africa in field data collection and recordation of sightings of key species, particularly the lion and its prey.

 We have been concerned with the apparent lack of progress in these two regions with regards to the development of national action plans and were glad to learn recently of the draft lion action plan for Cameroon and site-specific plans for some protected areas. Without national action plans, lion have little chance of survival in viable numbers. It is for that reason that Conservation Force and our technical partner IGF have launched an initiative to complete action plans in 2009 in Benin, Burkina Faso and C.A.R. The preliminary gap analysis and data collection is just now beginning and will be completed during this dry season.  National workshops will shortly follow. The blight of the world economy delayed it a month (January), but it is now getting underway. Many of you in this room are expected to be consulted. In total, the project may exceed $300,000 US.

 Since arriving here, another project is taking shape to have US sportsmen who seek an eco-darting experience assist in darting and radio collaring lion for research in Cameroon’s WAZA National Park. That should provide $250,000 or more for that project. How is that for a micro-project in partnership with CEDC (Center for Environmental Study & Development of Cameroon), Leiden University and ROCAL (West and Central African Lion Conservation Network) of Moroua, Cameroon?

 Thank you so very much for having me here today and for partnering to save the African lion. We can do it, I really believe we can. – John J. Jackson, III.



Conservation Force 2014
2014
January Firestorm Email Attacks by Media and Antis
January CIC Milan 61st General Assembly/Crime Summit
January USFWS Re-Notices Proposed ESA Downlisting of Markhor
January Markhor Import Permit Appeal
January Hunter Proud Foundation & Osprey Filming Company
January Intervention in Latest Three Amigos Suit
February Antis’ Antics Have Perverse Negative Effect on Rhino Conservation
March Speech Upon Receiving the Houston Safari Club International Hunter of the Year Award
March Hunting: A Great Debate
April Illegal Wildlife Trade and Poaching
April Conservation Force Solves Liberia Trophy Import Problems
April Elephant Hair and Skin Bracelets Importable
April Conservation Force First Quarter 2014 Report
May USFWS Implements Catastrophic Suspension of Elephant Imports from Tanzania and Zimbabwe
May Letter to USFWS from Robin Hurt
June First Formal Action on Elephant Import Suspension Taken by Conservation Force
July Import Permits Issued for Sulaiman Markhor of Torghar Project
July Trophy Definition to Again Include Worked, Manufactured or Handicraft Items
July Comments Opposing Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Import Suspension
July USFWS Produces Letter of Inquiry to Tanzania on Elephant Populations
August Status of Elephant Import Suspensions for Zimbabwe and Tanzania
August The True Status of White Rhino Populations
August Win the Wild, A Fictionalized Account of How South Africa Reclaimed Its Wildlife Heritage
September Final Zim Finding: Most and Best Available Information Ignored


Conservation Force 2013
2013
January US Fish and Wildlife Service Announces 90-Day Finding on ESA Listing for African Lion
February Why Hunt Wild Cats: Arguments Previously Made By USFWS and African Nations
March World Conservation Force Bulletin Enters Its 18th Year
March Mozambique and Cameroon Hippo Trade Suspended by CITES
March Final Findings of National Survey Reports A Record Number of Big Game Hunters
March 2012 Zambia Elephant Trophy Imports Approved
March On Receiving The Peter Hathaway Capstick Hunting Heritage Award
April A CITES CoP16 Report: Key Wins, Some Losses for the Hunting Community
April What Was Truly at Stake with the Polar Bear Proposal
May USFWS Grants First Black Rhino Import Permit
May Evaluating Namibia’s Rhino Program
May Rhino Populations Grow Despite Poaching
June CIC General Assembly Adopts Recommendations for African Lion and White Rhino
June Double Quotas Not Yet Resolved in USA
June Equal Allocation of New Mexico Nonresident Licenses for Rocky Mountain and Desert Bighorn Sheep, Oryx and Ibex Challenged Again
June Wood Bison Cases Still in Court
June Black Rhino Public Education
July USFWS Denies Petitions to Remove Private, Captive Populations of Species from ESA: Scimitar-horned Oryx, Dama Gazelle and Addax Denied
July Polar Bear Litigation Developments
July Finally, All Gray Wolves Proposed for Removal from ESA
July Status of the Petition to List the Lion as Endangered: African Lion Workshop
August Court Turns Deaf Ear to Polar Bear Enhancement Permit Applicants for Gulf of Boothia
August Newly Published Monograph on Hunting & Conservation
August Family Hunts Under One License are Illegal
August Wildlife for the 21st Century, Volume IV
September Downlisting of Straight-Horned Markhor Delayed; USFWS to Issue Revised Proposed Rule to Reclassify Species Under ESA
September New Trophy Seizure Issues Arise
September New Mexico Nonresident Terk Case Revving Up
September Polar Bear Listing Now Before US Supreme Court
October US Fish & Wildlife Lists White Rhino as Threatened
October Two Articles on Black Rhino Trophy Imports
October Defense of Terk Decision Needs Support
October Two Colorado State Senators Recalled for Passage of Firearms Restrictions
October Cheetah Numbers Increasing
November US Supreme Court Denies Polar Bear Writ
November Court Should Hold Feds Accountable for Questionable ESA Listing
November Succession and Development: “What will We Do When You are Gone?
November Black Rhino Auction: A Dream Come True
December Unintended Consequences May Arise from Presidential Executive Order to Combat Wildlife Trafficking
December The Crush: Whose Ivory was Destroyed and Will It Truly Curtail Poaching?
December Climate Change Used to Reopen Wolverine Listing Proposal
December Conservation Force Wins FOIA Suit for Records Revealing Why USFWS Stalled Markhor Downlisting
December Suit Threatens Three Amigos Permitting Process; Conservation Force and Allied Organizations to Intervene


Conservation Force 2012
2012
January HSUS Threatens Conservation Force’s Asian Projects and Partners
January Markhor III Suit Filed to Compel 12-Month Downlisting Finding
January Serious Irregularities in Administrative Records and Scientific Findings
January Can You Offer for Sale or Sell an “Endangered” Listed Species Without a Permit?
February Conservation Force Partners with SAVE Valley Conservancy
February New Mexico Further Restricts Nonresident Hunting
February An Open Letter to Ranchers and Hunters of ESA Listed Exotics in The US
March Trophy Seizure Threat Reaches New High; USFWS Conduct Reaches New Low
March Some Court Success in Seizure Cases
March New Study Quantifies the Importance of Lion Hunting
March Onsite Report: The Etosha Meeting of African Lion Working Group
March Conservation Force Legal Action Update
April USF&WS Proposes New CITES Regulations
April Update on Three Amigos: Dama Gazelle, Addax and Scimitar-horned Oryx
April CF Board Members Selected To Important IUCN Posts
April Help Needed For Conservation Force Intern Program
May Wood Bison II Litigation Successfully Concluded: Court Overturns USFWS Enhancement Permit Denials
May Markhor III Suit Settled
June Dr. James Teer, Founding Member of Conservation Force, Dies
June Canadian Wood Bison Downlisted! Trophies Now Importable
July National Fish & Wildlife Conservation Congress in Canada
July Hunting for an Acceptable Image: Building Public Acceptance for Sustainable Use of Wildlife
July USFWS Considering Positions for CITES CoP16
July Antis Again Challenge “Trophy” Definition
August Promising Polar Bear Developments: Scientists Stand Corrected
August Last Brief in Markhor I Suit Filed
August Power Outages – Shortfalls
September Success! USFWS Proposes the Downlisting & Importation of Torghar Markhor Without an ESA Import Permit
October The National Survey Shows Increase in Hunters and Big Game Hunting
October South Africa’s Protected Area Act of 2003 Hurts Wildlife & Habitats
October CIC President Bernard Lozé: “Banning Lion Hunting Endangers The Survival of Lions in the Wild!”
October Update on Our Freedom of Information Act Suits
November CITES CoP16 Proposals Published: White Rhino, Polar Bear, Elephant, Pyrenean Chamois, Leopard Permits
November Remarks of Deborah Lyons, Deputy Head of Mission, at the Inuit Delegation - Polar Bear Reception at Embassy of Canada, Washington, D.C., September 20, 2012
November 3 Amigos: USFWS Makes 90-Day Finding to Review Downlisting Those Species in USA
November PH Stu Taylor Recovery Fund Established
December Worked Elephant Ivory Tusks Not Importable: US Court Holds Import Violated Four Laws and Orders Forfeiture of Zimbabwe Elephant Tusk
December Waning Status of Hunting-Based Conservation in Botswana: Latest Developments
December Bill Poole Enshrined Into the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame


Conservation Force 2011
2011
January Court Rules No Fees Due in Permit Cases
January Delays & Revelations In Wood Bison Suit
February A Step-by-Step Guide On Who Is Responsible For What
February Billy Ray Parnell Purple Heart Program
March Wood Bison Initiative Enters Final Stage
March Lead Issue Taken to Court
March Both Markhor Cases Moving Forward
March Zambia Initiative Success
April Africa: Antis Petition Listing Of African Lion on ESA
April Success in Iran
April Scientists Recant Tipping Point Theory That Doomed the Polar Bear
April Plains Bison Listing Petition Denials
April The Osprey Filming Company
May Special Coverage On Polar Bear: Sustainable Use On Trial
June Special Coverage On Elephant Imports: Challenging The USFWS Definition of “Trophy”
July USFWS Makes Positive Markhor Finding
July New Eruption Atop Mountain of Seizures
July USFWS Enforces Validation Requirement On CITES Permits
July Pakistan Export Permits Don’t Have a Validation Section
August US District Court Denies All Challenges to Listing the Polar Bear as “Threatened”
August Permit Exclusions Eliminated for “The Three Amigos”
September Important Developments at 25th Meeting of the CITES Animals Committee
September Abusive Use of Polar Bear Drowning Misinformation
September Cheetah Import Permits Denied Again
October Special Coverage: Getting To The Root Of The Trophy Seizure Crisis – The History and Genesis Of The Problem
November District Court Denies Relief In Zambia
and Mozambique Elephant Import Suits
December Success! Zambia Elephant Import Permits Issued By USFWS
December Update on Seizure and Forfeiture Crisis


Conservation Force 2010
2010
January Special Report: Addressing The US Trophy Seizure Crisis
February Federal Court Rules Hunters’ Interests In Trophies Not Legally Protected
March CF Creates Permanent Litigation Division
March Special Report: Conservation Force Chairman Receives International Statesman Award
March Briefly Noted
April Conservation Force Institutes Industry-Commercial Services Sponsorships
April Briefly Noted
April Dr. Dale Toweill Joins Conservation Force Board of Advisors
May Special Report: Focus On CITES CoP15
June 57th CIC General Assembly: Expanding Scope, Participation & Influence
June Briefly Noted
July The Supreme Court Invalidates Overly Broad Cruelty Law In Light of the Acceptability of Hunting
August Status of Wood Bison Suits Against USFWS
September The Important Historical Role of Hunters To Both Public and Private Land Conservation
September Pakistan: New Markhor Down-listing Petition Filed
October CBD Pushes To Ban All Lead Ammo & Fish Gear
November Important New Development in Trophy Seizure Crisis
November Anticlimactic Polar Bear Court Hearing
December A Tool For Lion Hunters: The Pocket Guide To Aging Lions
December Polar Bear Listing Cases Status
December St. Petersburg Hosts 58th CIC General Assembly


Conservation Force 2009
2009
January 2008 In Review Bio-political Developments
February Crisis Over Trophies In Transit Resolved
February Two Important Legal Actions
March Lion Campaign Kicks Off In The Nick of Time
March Polar Bear Update: Law Suit Sets New Precedent On Listings
March Briefly Noted
April "Challenges and Solutions for the Conservation of Lions and Other Large Carnivores in Sub-Saharan Africa" February 17th-18th Maroua, Cameroon
May Trophy Seizures & Forfeiture Crisis: Problems and Resolutions
May Briefly Noted
June Cheetah & Black-faced Impala Permits Denied
June Briefly Noted
July National Action Plans Save Lion Initiative
July Briefly Noted
August Tanzania To Enforce Age Limits On Trophy Lions
August Three Antelope Case A Win For Conservation
August Briefly Noted
September The Unrealized Potential of Conservation Hunting
September North America: Latest Developments On Polar Bear
October Mozambique: Niassa Elephant Trophy
November Africa: Suit Filed Over Zambia Elephant Import Permits
November Arctic: USF&WS Proposes CITES Uplist Polar Bear
November Polar Bear Lawsuits Challenging the Listing Decision
December Special Report: African Lion Spared the CITES Axe, For Now
December Bill Poole: “A Lion of a Man”
December Special Report: CITES Proposals for CoP15, March 2010


Conservation Force 2008
2008
January CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
January Polar Bear Developments
February Conservation News Developments
March Breaking News On Argali Draws
April Polar Bear Decision: Some Thoughts About That Continuing Delay
April CAMEROON: All About The New CAMNARES Program
May Conversation Force to Intervene
May Briefly Noted
June Polar Bear Listing: Assessing The Impact And Mapping A Way Forward
June CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
August Update On Kashmir Markhor
August Polar Bear Imports: Immediate Ban Upheld
August A Word About The Bob Kern Trial
September Study Analyzes Work Of NGO’s In African Wildlife Conservation
September Tanzania: Elephant Permit Crisis Averted
September Briefly Noted
October New Efforts To Reverse The Polar Bear Listing
October USF&WS Seizing Some Utilitarian Trophy Items
November Nation-by-Nation Plans To Save African Lion
November Hunting For Truth: Why Rationalizing The Ritual Must Fail
November Briefly Noted
November USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
November Leadership, People and Science
December USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
December Briefly Noted


Conservation Force 2007
2007
January Largest Hunting Development in the World
January Philippe Chardonnet Elected to Conservation Force Board
January PHASA AGM: An On-Site Report
February Polar Bear and Trophy Imports Both In Jeopardy
March A Second Threat to Polar Bear Import
March Guide To Aging Lions Is Now Available
March Briefly Noted
April Understanding The Issues And Proposals
April Our Polar Bear Comment: A Report
June Namibia: Help Is Available On Seized Leopards
June Belgrade: All About The Latest CIC General Assembly
June Special Report: New Conservation DVD Is Getting Attention
June CITES Meeting: The Latest Developments
June What Do You Say To A Liberal Intellectual Who Has Never Hunted?
July What Really Happened at CITES COP14 In The Hague
August Markhor Import Denial Raises Big Questions
September White House Orders National Hunting Conference
October Reflections On 10 Years Of Conservation Force
October Bear Listing Proposal: USGS Releases Reports
November Petitions to Free Siezed Trophies Successful
November Polar Bear Crisis Heats Up
November Briefly Noted
December Important Development in Markhor Conservation
December A Commentary On The National Geographic Article About “Hunters: For Love of the Land”


Conservation Force 2006
2006
January Highlights of 2005
February Protectionist File Suit To List All Polar Bear Under the Endangered Species Act
March ESA Listing Pending Polar Bear Crisis Is Growing
April The Real Significance If Polar Bear Are Listed
May One Important Nonresident Rights Case Continues
June Comment On “Draft Norms & Standards for the Regulations of the Hunting Industry in South Africa
July Symposium May Affect The Future Of Hunting; Progress Reported On Black Faced Impala
August Assessing The Impact Of Interior Dept. Turnover
September Mozambique Elephant Trophy Import Permit Applications Denied
October BC Bear Report And “Stricter Domestic Measures:” An Analysis Of The Connections
November UK Meetings Focus On Hunting/Conservation
December Wildlife ‘Compact’ Has Downsides / Gala Tanzania Banquet / Last Nonresident Suit


Conservation Force 2005
2005
January The End of Nonresident Hunting Rights
February African Elephant Downlisted to Vulnerable
March Southwest Alaska Profile In Conservation
April The Truth About That Polar Bear Petition
May The Legally Structured Role of Hunting and Fishing in the US and Abroad
June Nonresidents Stripped of Constitutional Rights in Congress
July Black Rhino Hunting Development
August Elephant Hunting Is Fully Open In Zambia / Getting A Handle On “Sustainable Use”
September Russia: The “Real Skinny On That Hunting Closure
October Hurricane Katrina Threatens Conservation Force
October USFW&S Denies Permits For Black-Faced Impala
November First African Lion Workshops Are Successful; IUCN Polar Bear Listing Upgraded
December US Lists New Foreign Species As Endangered


Conservation Force 2004
2004
January Permits To Import Certain Endangered Species Understanding That Draft Trophy Import Policy Change
February Musings of an Old Hunter
March Giant Saltwater Crocodile Hunting May Open
April Who Said What: A Compendium Of Comments
May African Lion Targeted At CITES Meeting
June The Truth About Senator John Kerry
June Two Hunters’ Legacies
July Argali Suit Finally Finished: Positive Gains
July Case Study of a Man-Eating Lion Killing 35 People
September Cats/Canids Bill Introduced; NRA To Push Hunting; Important CITES COP 13 Developments
October Will Lion Hunting Survive? And More....
November What Really Happened At COP13
December More To Come On African Lion


Conservation Force 2003
2003
January On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
February Conservation of the African Lion: Contribution to a Status Survey
March A Reflection on Positive Developments
April DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC, News Analysis, The Argali Case: Court, Hears Mongolia's Appeal
May Conservation News Briefs - A Special Tribute To Gunbearers
June What You Need To Know About Trophy Imports
July Insights From Wildlife Conflict Studies, A Different Perspective For Problem Solving
August How Many Hunters Are There, Really?
September The Antis’ Argali Suit Has Been Dismissed
October Update On The Argali Case
November The Political Future
December Antis Tell Court They Would Rather See Elephants Euthanized Than in a Zoo


Conservation Force 2002
2002
January The Truth About That British Columbia Grizzly Bear “Ban”
February DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - Cameroon Elephant Permits Denied
March SPECIAL REPORT - New USF & WS Director
April The Saga of the Saiga
May The Role And Value Of Hunting
June On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
July Special Report: The Argali Suit - Part I
August Special Report: A Preview Of COP 12
September Zimbabwe Hunting Will Continue – But Zimbabwe Needs You Now
October Understanding Trophy Hunting: A Powerful Conservation Tool
November London March to Save Hunting Breaks All Records
December Santiago, Chile - What Really Happened At CITES COP 12


Conservation Force 2001
2001
March Idaho Approves Nonresident Moose Hunting: A Practical Lesson In Our Democracy
April Special Report On Hunting Why We Do It; Its Conservation Benefits
May Antis Sue To Stop All Argali Trophy Imports
June The Very Latest On That Argali Suit
July Why We Hunt: - Two Important Perspectives
August The Animal Rights 2001 Conference - Terrorism And A Radical Agenda At A Hilton Hotel
September Legal Matters - Update On The Argali Lawsuit
October DATELINE: WASHINGTON Mongolia, Others Denied Role In Argali Lawsuit
November DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - European Trophy Crisis Is Narrowly Averted
December People And Predators. Can They Live Together?




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Hunting Reports & Articles
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