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Markhor Import Denial Raises Big Questions

Written By John J. Jackson III, Conservation Force Chairman & President
(posted August 2007)
 

At CITES COP12 the Parties enlarged the quota for Pakistan markhor from six to 12 per annum for the express purpose of expanding that world-renown community-based conservation program to other village areas because of its great success. Conservation Force responded by creating The Other Markhor Project to establish the importation of those markhor that did not need to satisfy the requirements of the US Endangered Species Act as permits for those also listed as endangered had been stalled within the USF&WS for more than a decade. The Kashmir and Astor subspecies (both flare-horned, not straight-horned) are not listed as endangered, thus importation of those subspecies only requires a CITES Appendix 1 import permit to be issued by the USF&WS. Until now, it was widely believed that the import of those not on the ESA would be permitted. After all, the USF&WS suggested in a published proposal that it might even permit import of those listed as endangered.

 After several years of work, we filed a test import permit application for a Kashmir markhor in March of 2006.
 
 On June 6, 2007, the USF&WS denied the Kashmir trophy import permit filed by Conservation Force. The denial raises and epitomizes many issues crucial to trophy importation today. It puts in doubt whether any markhor from Pakistan will ever be importable. It clearly demonstrates the bureaucratic impasse that the USF&WS has become because of its self-imposed rules and practices that directly contradict the Resolutions of CITES governing the treatment of trophy imports. This is news of the worst kind because it applies to all trophies, not just markhor.

 The sustainable use tourist hunting program in Pakistan is one of the most sophisticated and renowned in the world. It owes its existence to the world’s leading wildlife conservation organizations that have used tourist trophy hunting as the ultimate tool for the conservation of markhor. It has been engineered by WWF-Pakistan, the IUCN’s Sustainable Use Specialist Group and the United Nations Development Program every step of the way. Over more than a decade, those conservation NGOs and international entities have helped design and adopt both national and regional legislation applying the very best, state-of-the-art concepts.

 The Convention on Biodiversity cites the markhor program in Pakistan as the single best example of “best practices” of sustainable use. CITES regales it and has increased the quotas from six to 12 in recognition of all that it stands for. Ironically, the USF&WS helped begin the program in the middle 1980s when it sent a team of experts - including founding Conservation Force Board Member Bart O’Gara, Ph.D. of the USF&WS Extension Service - to Pakistan, who helped initialize the tourist hunting strategy. Many others have participated in the promising development. One key role player has been Shikar Safari Club International, which has supported the program for decades and even helped educate Dr. Mumtaz Malik, the Conservator of Wildlife for the Northwest Frontier Province. In recent years the O’Gara Foundation at the University of Montana has funded the education of Pakistan wildlife graduate students. In fact, the permit applicant in this test import permit, Wayne Lau of Hawaii, contributed $5,000 to the O’Gara Foundation on top of the high price of his markhor hunt.

 Perhaps the most renown success is the Torghar Project in the Torghar region of Pakistan, where the community-based program is recognized and credited with bringing that markhor population from 200 to more than 1,500. That population is of the Suleiman subspecies, which is a so-called “straight-horned” markhor, which are all listed as endangered on the US Endangered Species List. Though the USF&WS after many years proposed import permitting of those trophies, the Administration has nixed it. 

 The model in the Torghar project is now law. A community-based program employing game guards and directing no less than 75 percent of the revenue to the local community is mandated across all of Pakistan, region by region. No tourist hunting is allowed without such a plan in place. In some instances, the local community receives 80 percent of the revenue, such as the Gaheret Markhor Conservancy where the Kashmir, flare-horned markhor was taken in this instance.

 All markhor were listed at CITES COP 8 on Appendix 1.  Pakistan at first opposed the listing, but was persuaded to consent when it was assured by England and Germany (who made the proposal without first consulting Pakistan) that it would not prevent trade in trophies, only commercial trade.  As an Appendix 1 listed species, commercial trade is prohibited, but trophy trade is allowed if the exporting country determines that the taking is not biologically detrimental and the importing country determines that the “purpose” of the importation is not detrimental. CITES has devised a method of eliminating that impasse by adopting an express Resolution that provides that quotas adopted by the Parties at a COP satisfy and fulfill the requirements of making both of the non-detriment determinations. Moreover, the Parties specified a quota for Pakistan at one Conference of the Parties and later increased it. In addition to those actions, the CITES Parties amended Resolution 2.11 (Rev.) at COP 9 to provide that the biological non-detriment determination made by the exporting country that is in the best position to make biological findings should ordinarily be accepted by importing countries. The USF&WS does not honor any of those Resolutions. In fact, it has pending internal regulations that will expressly authorize it to disregard the quotas set by CITES and the non-detriment determination of the exporting nation as a matter of course. Conservation Force and its allied organizations filed an opposition comment to those self-imposed regulations with the Office of Management and Budget within the prescribed earlier time period that such an opposition had to be made to that office. Apparently, that opposition with OMB has succeeded for the moment, as the USF&WS expected OMB approval months ago but it has yet to clear OMB. Regardless, the two Divisions of the International Office of the USF&WS, the Division of Scientific Authority and the Division of Management Authority, have their longstanding agenda that works as a bureaucratic impasse even in the case of the markhor. 

 In a similar import denial in May, Conservation Force orally argued the final appeal of the Mozambique elephant import permits that have taken eight years to process and, of course, have been denied every step of the way. In this instance, the markhor permit had been pending for more than one year because the Division of Scientific Authority of the USF&WS insisted upon making its own duplicative biological findings to determine for itself if the purpose of the import was non-detrimental. 

 The procedural difficulties in that part of the service have become a barrier to trophy importation by themselves. That part of the service does not envision itself to be a service. It is a regulatory agency being asked to permit an activity that is not to be favored or facilitated and has said so. It has assumed information-gathering obligations and responsibilities that it then treats as a “low priority” and has little will or intent of fulfilling. It is then inept at collecting the information and uncommunicative with the permit applicant and/or his legal representative. In this case, the service sent a list of questions to a blind email address, not to any particular individual, and without any response. We had to inquire to learn of that hold-up and had to make several requests to get a copy of the questions and related e-mail particulars – all of which the service was reluctant to provide. Once we uncovered the problem, the permit applicant was able to furnish the name and address of the intended recipient in Pakistan. When the service received the response from Pakistan, it did not share that fact with the permit applicant, did not provide the applicant any opportunity to provide additional information and did not send any additional inquiry to the authorities. It denied the permit because it was “unable to determine that the importation… will be for purposes not detrimental to the survival of the species.” When we learned of the response, we wrote and asked what more was necessary, but the permit had already been denied, unbeknownst to us. To top it off, in this denial, the Service stated it “cannot consider any additional information beyond that submitted in the original permit application,” yet the federal regulation it attached to the denial expressly states that a request for reconsideration “shall (include) any new information or facts pertinent to the issue(s).” The Service decides what the issues are when it denies a “pioneering” permit like this one, but it recently has started requiring the permit applicant to start the permitting process from scratch with all the attendant delays without the ability to even clarify the issues through the reconsideration process.

 The actual reason stated for the denial is itself perplexing. The Service was “unable to determine that the importation of a sport-hunted Kashmir (flare-horned) markhor (Capra falconeri falconeri) trophy harvested in Gaheret Markhor Conservancy, Gaheret, Pakistan, in March 2006 will be for purposes not detrimental to the survival of the species… due to lack of specific scientific information available on the current biological and management status of flare-horned markhor in Pakistan.”  Do all of Pakistan’s markhor have to be saved by hunting before any of them can be? If so, it is doomed to failure.  Everything must be done in steps. Frankly, at this point, we don’t know what this means since Pakistan has one of the best-managed and most studied markhor subspecies in the world. One thing is certain: Its survival is dependent upon the community-based program that the US permitting process is retarding.

 Conservation Force is not filing a new permit or starting all over again. Instead, we have administratively appealed the denial (request for reconsideration) and we are furnishing what new information we could gather in the 45-day deadline for requesting reconsideration. We will continue to collect and supply new data addressing the issues we are able to identify and will use the appeal process to clarify the issues. It is detrimental not to issue the permits and inconceivable that 12 permits in all of Pakistan could be detrimental.

 We’ve been down this road before, but it has become worse than ever. This is likely to end up being the federal court case to challenge the service’s new proposed internal criteria for implementing CITES that is contrary to all the relevant CITES Resolutions. We need your support. Tax-deductible contributions can be made by check or credit card by mail (P.O. Box 278, Metairie, LA  70004-0278); or at: http: //www.conservationforce.org.

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Documentaries Offer “Image” Opportunity

Hunters know that they seldom get a positive image in mainstream feature films or TV, which hurts their image among non-hunters. Just how to change this is not easy or clear. That is one of the reasons why James Swan is on Conservation Force’s Board of Advisors. Here are two new opportunities he has created to change prevailing negative stereotypes. You may invest or contribute to them directly; or you can make a tax-deductible education donation through Conservation Force (http://www.conservationforce.org).

• Major Theatrical Documentary - Armed Angels of the Wildlife Wars: Poaching is a serious problem in Africa, and the people who seek to curb it are an extremely dedicated group of fearless rangers who daily put their lives on the line dealing with organized crime, political rebels, terrorists and starving people trying to kill game for money and food. The wildlife management policies of countries have a direct bearing on the success of the anti-poaching patrol rangers. Nowhere can this be seen better than by comparing Kenya and Tanzania.
 
 Kenya has prohibited sport hunting for 30 years, during which time the country’s wildlife population has declined 2/3 due to poaching and habitat loss. Other African nations like Tanzania that allow regulated sport hunting enjoy thriving wildlife populations, decreased poaching and major revenue streams that directly benefit local communities. Sport hunting recruits local communities to conserve wildlife, and it also puts more money directly into the hands of local communities than eco-tourism, a fact that is not well-understood by most people. Armed Angels of the Wildlife Wars is a frontline, action-instilled, globally attractive 90-minute theatrical quality documentary shot by a Hollywood cast and crew to explore first - Kenya’s resistance to allowing sport hunting to its detriment socially, politically and environmentally, and second - the success of Tanzania’s pro-sport hunting course.

 The documentary is being produced by Uncommon Dialogue Films (www.udfilms.com), whose CEO is actor/producer Patrick Kilpatrick (www.patrickilpatrick.com), who has appeared in over 100 feature films such as Minority Report, and Replacement Killers, and TV shows including recently 24 and Criminal Minds. Serious investors should e-mail events @udfilms.com; or write: Uncommon Dialogue Films, 570 North Rossmore Ave, Suite 203, Los Angeles, CA 90004. To make a tax-deductible contribution, send your donation to Conservation Force.

• Major Documentary for Public Television – Endangered Species: The Fish and Game Warden: There are 700,000 sworn peace officers in the United States, 7,000 of whom are state game wardens. Few non-sportsmen know anything about wardens who are the frontline of conservation, as well as leaders in search and rescue (witness the Katrina disaster), environmental education and homeland security.

 Author/actor/producer James Swan, Ph.D. is producing a 56-minute documentary – Endangered Species: the Fish and Game Warden. The documentary will encompass the entire US, but California fish and game wardens are the primary focus.

 The plight of the wardens is worsened by the fact that organized crime rings are setting up marijuana plantations and meth labs in wildlife areas and wild areas. Last summer, a California Fish and Game Warden was shot and seriously injured on a bust of a marijuana plantation. There also have been occasions of wardens discovering groups training with automatic weapons in remote areas, including one that may have been a terrorist cell.

 Wardens normally work alone and without backup in remote areas. They are three times as likely to be killed by gunfire as a California Highway Patrol officer, and earn half the pay. For more details see Swan’s recent ESPN column about a takedown of an illegal caviar ring. http://sports.espn.go.com/outdoors/fishing/news/story?page= Calif_Caviar_Caper
 This documentary will focus on what wardens do and the lifestyle they have to maintain to do it. It will have a celebrity host. A three-minute trailer may be viewed at: http://www.james swan.com/snowgoose/cp.html. Or at: www.youtube.com/snowgooseprod

  Swan has letters from the California Fish and Game Wardens Association and the head of DFG’s Law Enforcement Division stating that they will work with him in any way possible to make this documentary happen. He is the only person who has been given this degree of support to document the wardens and their needs.

 This documentary has both short-run and long-run values. 1.) Immediately, it will help the California wardens in their quest for more funding, which will help conserve California’s wildlife resources. 2.) In the long view, through major airings on television and before large groups, and DVD’s distributed to schools and libraries, it will educate the general public about who wardens are, what they do, and their importance to conservation. It will go on helping the wardens and conservation for many years to come. And it will show how wardens and sportsmen work together as conservationists. After all, sportsmen and women provide more support for wardens than all others in society combined.

 Swan wrote and hosted his first documentary in 1970 for the University of Michigan. He has since been a writer/consultant and on-camera guest for NOVA, Sightings, Ancient Mysteries, Modern Marvels, and ESPN. He has also written over 60 outdoor TV shows that have aired on the Outdoor Channel, Versus, Fox-Sports and Spike. Shows he has written have been nominated for six Outdoor Channel Golden Moose Awards and won one. For more about Swan go to: www.james swan.com.

 To date, the California Wardens Association and California Waterfowl Association have contributed to this project. Contributions via Conservation Force are tax-deductible. Net proceeds arising from this production will be shared with the California Game Wardens Foundation (http://www.the gwf.org/) that supports wardens and their families. – John J. Jackson, III.



Conservation Force 2014
2014
January Firestorm Email Attacks by Media and Antis
January CIC Milan 61st General Assembly/Crime Summit
January USFWS Re-Notices Proposed ESA Downlisting of Markhor
January Markhor Import Permit Appeal
January Hunter Proud Foundation & Osprey Filming Company
January Intervention in Latest Three Amigos Suit
February Antis’ Antics Have Perverse Negative Effect on Rhino Conservation
March Speech Upon Receiving the Houston Safari Club International Hunter of the Year Award
March Hunting: A Great Debate
April Illegal Wildlife Trade and Poaching
April Conservation Force Solves Liberia Trophy Import Problems
April Elephant Hair and Skin Bracelets Importable
April Conservation Force First Quarter 2014 Report
May USFWS Implements Catastrophic Suspension of Elephant Imports from Tanzania and Zimbabwe
May Letter to USFWS from Robin Hurt
June First Formal Action on Elephant Import Suspension Taken by Conservation Force
July Import Permits Issued for Sulaiman Markhor of Torghar Project
July Trophy Definition to Again Include Worked, Manufactured or Handicraft Items
July Comments Opposing Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Import Suspension
July USFWS Produces Letter of Inquiry to Tanzania on Elephant Populations
August Status of Elephant Import Suspensions for Zimbabwe and Tanzania
August The True Status of White Rhino Populations
August Win the Wild, A Fictionalized Account of How South Africa Reclaimed Its Wildlife Heritage


Conservation Force 2013
2013
January US Fish and Wildlife Service Announces 90-Day Finding on ESA Listing for African Lion
February Why Hunt Wild Cats: Arguments Previously Made By USFWS and African Nations
March World Conservation Force Bulletin Enters Its 18th Year
March Mozambique and Cameroon Hippo Trade Suspended by CITES
March Final Findings of National Survey Reports A Record Number of Big Game Hunters
March 2012 Zambia Elephant Trophy Imports Approved
March On Receiving The Peter Hathaway Capstick Hunting Heritage Award
April A CITES CoP16 Report: Key Wins, Some Losses for the Hunting Community
April What Was Truly at Stake with the Polar Bear Proposal
May USFWS Grants First Black Rhino Import Permit
May Evaluating Namibia’s Rhino Program
May Rhino Populations Grow Despite Poaching
June CIC General Assembly Adopts Recommendations for African Lion and White Rhino
June Double Quotas Not Yet Resolved in USA
June Equal Allocation of New Mexico Nonresident Licenses for Rocky Mountain and Desert Bighorn Sheep, Oryx and Ibex Challenged Again
June Wood Bison Cases Still in Court
June Black Rhino Public Education
July USFWS Denies Petitions to Remove Private, Captive Populations of Species from ESA: Scimitar-horned Oryx, Dama Gazelle and Addax Denied
July Polar Bear Litigation Developments
July Finally, All Gray Wolves Proposed for Removal from ESA
July Status of the Petition to List the Lion as Endangered: African Lion Workshop
August Court Turns Deaf Ear to Polar Bear Enhancement Permit Applicants for Gulf of Boothia
August Newly Published Monograph on Hunting & Conservation
August Family Hunts Under One License are Illegal
August Wildlife for the 21st Century, Volume IV
September Downlisting of Straight-Horned Markhor Delayed; USFWS to Issue Revised Proposed Rule to Reclassify Species Under ESA
September New Trophy Seizure Issues Arise
September New Mexico Nonresident Terk Case Revving Up
September Polar Bear Listing Now Before US Supreme Court
October US Fish & Wildlife Lists White Rhino as Threatened
October Two Articles on Black Rhino Trophy Imports
October Defense of Terk Decision Needs Support
October Two Colorado State Senators Recalled for Passage of Firearms Restrictions
October Cheetah Numbers Increasing
November US Supreme Court Denies Polar Bear Writ
November Court Should Hold Feds Accountable for Questionable ESA Listing
November Succession and Development: “What will We Do When You are Gone?
November Black Rhino Auction: A Dream Come True
December Unintended Consequences May Arise from Presidential Executive Order to Combat Wildlife Trafficking
December The Crush: Whose Ivory was Destroyed and Will It Truly Curtail Poaching?
December Climate Change Used to Reopen Wolverine Listing Proposal
December Conservation Force Wins FOIA Suit for Records Revealing Why USFWS Stalled Markhor Downlisting
December Suit Threatens Three Amigos Permitting Process; Conservation Force and Allied Organizations to Intervene


Conservation Force 2012
2012
January HSUS Threatens Conservation Force’s Asian Projects and Partners
January Markhor III Suit Filed to Compel 12-Month Downlisting Finding
January Serious Irregularities in Administrative Records and Scientific Findings
January Can You Offer for Sale or Sell an “Endangered” Listed Species Without a Permit?
February Conservation Force Partners with SAVE Valley Conservancy
February New Mexico Further Restricts Nonresident Hunting
February An Open Letter to Ranchers and Hunters of ESA Listed Exotics in The US
March Trophy Seizure Threat Reaches New High; USFWS Conduct Reaches New Low
March Some Court Success in Seizure Cases
March New Study Quantifies the Importance of Lion Hunting
March Onsite Report: The Etosha Meeting of African Lion Working Group
March Conservation Force Legal Action Update
April USF&WS Proposes New CITES Regulations
April Update on Three Amigos: Dama Gazelle, Addax and Scimitar-horned Oryx
April CF Board Members Selected To Important IUCN Posts
April Help Needed For Conservation Force Intern Program
May Wood Bison II Litigation Successfully Concluded: Court Overturns USFWS Enhancement Permit Denials
May Markhor III Suit Settled
June Dr. James Teer, Founding Member of Conservation Force, Dies
June Canadian Wood Bison Downlisted! Trophies Now Importable
July National Fish & Wildlife Conservation Congress in Canada
July Hunting for an Acceptable Image: Building Public Acceptance for Sustainable Use of Wildlife
July USFWS Considering Positions for CITES CoP16
July Antis Again Challenge “Trophy” Definition
August Promising Polar Bear Developments: Scientists Stand Corrected
August Last Brief in Markhor I Suit Filed
August Power Outages – Shortfalls
September Success! USFWS Proposes the Downlisting & Importation of Torghar Markhor Without an ESA Import Permit
October The National Survey Shows Increase in Hunters and Big Game Hunting
October South Africa’s Protected Area Act of 2003 Hurts Wildlife & Habitats
October CIC President Bernard Lozé: “Banning Lion Hunting Endangers The Survival of Lions in the Wild!”
October Update on Our Freedom of Information Act Suits
November CITES CoP16 Proposals Published: White Rhino, Polar Bear, Elephant, Pyrenean Chamois, Leopard Permits
November Remarks of Deborah Lyons, Deputy Head of Mission, at the Inuit Delegation - Polar Bear Reception at Embassy of Canada, Washington, D.C., September 20, 2012
November 3 Amigos: USFWS Makes 90-Day Finding to Review Downlisting Those Species in USA
November PH Stu Taylor Recovery Fund Established
December Worked Elephant Ivory Tusks Not Importable: US Court Holds Import Violated Four Laws and Orders Forfeiture of Zimbabwe Elephant Tusk
December Waning Status of Hunting-Based Conservation in Botswana: Latest Developments
December Bill Poole Enshrined Into the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame


Conservation Force 2011
2011
January Court Rules No Fees Due in Permit Cases
January Delays & Revelations In Wood Bison Suit
February A Step-by-Step Guide On Who Is Responsible For What
February Billy Ray Parnell Purple Heart Program
March Wood Bison Initiative Enters Final Stage
March Lead Issue Taken to Court
March Both Markhor Cases Moving Forward
March Zambia Initiative Success
April Africa: Antis Petition Listing Of African Lion on ESA
April Success in Iran
April Scientists Recant Tipping Point Theory That Doomed the Polar Bear
April Plains Bison Listing Petition Denials
April The Osprey Filming Company
May Special Coverage On Polar Bear: Sustainable Use On Trial
June Special Coverage On Elephant Imports: Challenging The USFWS Definition of “Trophy”
July USFWS Makes Positive Markhor Finding
July New Eruption Atop Mountain of Seizures
July USFWS Enforces Validation Requirement On CITES Permits
July Pakistan Export Permits Don’t Have a Validation Section
August US District Court Denies All Challenges to Listing the Polar Bear as “Threatened”
August Permit Exclusions Eliminated for “The Three Amigos”
September Important Developments at 25th Meeting of the CITES Animals Committee
September Abusive Use of Polar Bear Drowning Misinformation
September Cheetah Import Permits Denied Again
October Special Coverage: Getting To The Root Of The Trophy Seizure Crisis – The History and Genesis Of The Problem
November District Court Denies Relief In Zambia
and Mozambique Elephant Import Suits
December Success! Zambia Elephant Import Permits Issued By USFWS
December Update on Seizure and Forfeiture Crisis


Conservation Force 2010
2010
January Special Report: Addressing The US Trophy Seizure Crisis
February Federal Court Rules Hunters’ Interests In Trophies Not Legally Protected
March CF Creates Permanent Litigation Division
March Special Report: Conservation Force Chairman Receives International Statesman Award
March Briefly Noted
April Conservation Force Institutes Industry-Commercial Services Sponsorships
April Briefly Noted
April Dr. Dale Toweill Joins Conservation Force Board of Advisors
May Special Report: Focus On CITES CoP15
June 57th CIC General Assembly: Expanding Scope, Participation & Influence
June Briefly Noted
July The Supreme Court Invalidates Overly Broad Cruelty Law In Light of the Acceptability of Hunting
August Status of Wood Bison Suits Against USFWS
September The Important Historical Role of Hunters To Both Public and Private Land Conservation
September Pakistan: New Markhor Down-listing Petition Filed
October CBD Pushes To Ban All Lead Ammo & Fish Gear
November Important New Development in Trophy Seizure Crisis
November Anticlimactic Polar Bear Court Hearing
December A Tool For Lion Hunters: The Pocket Guide To Aging Lions
December Polar Bear Listing Cases Status
December St. Petersburg Hosts 58th CIC General Assembly


Conservation Force 2009
2009
January 2008 In Review Bio-political Developments
February Crisis Over Trophies In Transit Resolved
February Two Important Legal Actions
March Lion Campaign Kicks Off In The Nick of Time
March Polar Bear Update: Law Suit Sets New Precedent On Listings
March Briefly Noted
April "Challenges and Solutions for the Conservation of Lions and Other Large Carnivores in Sub-Saharan Africa" February 17th-18th Maroua, Cameroon
May Trophy Seizures & Forfeiture Crisis: Problems and Resolutions
May Briefly Noted
June Cheetah & Black-faced Impala Permits Denied
June Briefly Noted
July National Action Plans Save Lion Initiative
July Briefly Noted
August Tanzania To Enforce Age Limits On Trophy Lions
August Three Antelope Case A Win For Conservation
August Briefly Noted
September The Unrealized Potential of Conservation Hunting
September North America: Latest Developments On Polar Bear
October Mozambique: Niassa Elephant Trophy
November Africa: Suit Filed Over Zambia Elephant Import Permits
November Arctic: USF&WS Proposes CITES Uplist Polar Bear
November Polar Bear Lawsuits Challenging the Listing Decision
December Special Report: African Lion Spared the CITES Axe, For Now
December Bill Poole: “A Lion of a Man”
December Special Report: CITES Proposals for CoP15, March 2010


Conservation Force 2008
2008
January CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
January Polar Bear Developments
February Conservation News Developments
March Breaking News On Argali Draws
April Polar Bear Decision: Some Thoughts About That Continuing Delay
April CAMEROON: All About The New CAMNARES Program
May Conversation Force to Intervene
May Briefly Noted
June Polar Bear Listing: Assessing The Impact And Mapping A Way Forward
June CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
August Update On Kashmir Markhor
August Polar Bear Imports: Immediate Ban Upheld
August A Word About The Bob Kern Trial
September Study Analyzes Work Of NGO’s In African Wildlife Conservation
September Tanzania: Elephant Permit Crisis Averted
September Briefly Noted
October New Efforts To Reverse The Polar Bear Listing
October USF&WS Seizing Some Utilitarian Trophy Items
November Nation-by-Nation Plans To Save African Lion
November Hunting For Truth: Why Rationalizing The Ritual Must Fail
November Briefly Noted
November USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
November Leadership, People and Science
December USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
December Briefly Noted


Conservation Force 2007
2007
January Largest Hunting Development in the World
January Philippe Chardonnet Elected to Conservation Force Board
January PHASA AGM: An On-Site Report
February Polar Bear and Trophy Imports Both In Jeopardy
March A Second Threat to Polar Bear Import
March Guide To Aging Lions Is Now Available
March Briefly Noted
April Understanding The Issues And Proposals
April Our Polar Bear Comment: A Report
June Namibia: Help Is Available On Seized Leopards
June Belgrade: All About The Latest CIC General Assembly
June Special Report: New Conservation DVD Is Getting Attention
June CITES Meeting: The Latest Developments
June What Do You Say To A Liberal Intellectual Who Has Never Hunted?
July What Really Happened at CITES COP14 In The Hague
August Markhor Import Denial Raises Big Questions
September White House Orders National Hunting Conference
October Reflections On 10 Years Of Conservation Force
October Bear Listing Proposal: USGS Releases Reports
November Petitions to Free Siezed Trophies Successful
November Polar Bear Crisis Heats Up
November Briefly Noted
December Important Development in Markhor Conservation
December A Commentary On The National Geographic Article About “Hunters: For Love of the Land”


Conservation Force 2006
2006
January Highlights of 2005
February Protectionist File Suit To List All Polar Bear Under the Endangered Species Act
March ESA Listing Pending Polar Bear Crisis Is Growing
April The Real Significance If Polar Bear Are Listed
May One Important Nonresident Rights Case Continues
June Comment On “Draft Norms & Standards for the Regulations of the Hunting Industry in South Africa
July Symposium May Affect The Future Of Hunting; Progress Reported On Black Faced Impala
August Assessing The Impact Of Interior Dept. Turnover
September Mozambique Elephant Trophy Import Permit Applications Denied
October BC Bear Report And “Stricter Domestic Measures:” An Analysis Of The Connections
November UK Meetings Focus On Hunting/Conservation
December Wildlife ‘Compact’ Has Downsides / Gala Tanzania Banquet / Last Nonresident Suit


Conservation Force 2005
2005
January The End of Nonresident Hunting Rights
February African Elephant Downlisted to Vulnerable
March Southwest Alaska Profile In Conservation
April The Truth About That Polar Bear Petition
May The Legally Structured Role of Hunting and Fishing in the US and Abroad
June Nonresidents Stripped of Constitutional Rights in Congress
July Black Rhino Hunting Development
August Elephant Hunting Is Fully Open In Zambia / Getting A Handle On “Sustainable Use”
September Russia: The “Real Skinny On That Hunting Closure
October Hurricane Katrina Threatens Conservation Force
October USFW&S Denies Permits For Black-Faced Impala
November First African Lion Workshops Are Successful; IUCN Polar Bear Listing Upgraded
December US Lists New Foreign Species As Endangered


Conservation Force 2004
2004
January Permits To Import Certain Endangered Species Understanding That Draft Trophy Import Policy Change
February Musings of an Old Hunter
March Giant Saltwater Crocodile Hunting May Open
April Who Said What: A Compendium Of Comments
May African Lion Targeted At CITES Meeting
June The Truth About Senator John Kerry
June Two Hunters’ Legacies
July Argali Suit Finally Finished: Positive Gains
July Case Study of a Man-Eating Lion Killing 35 People
September Cats/Canids Bill Introduced; NRA To Push Hunting; Important CITES COP 13 Developments
October Will Lion Hunting Survive? And More....
November What Really Happened At COP13
December More To Come On African Lion


Conservation Force 2003
2003
January On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
February Conservation of the African Lion: Contribution to a Status Survey
March A Reflection on Positive Developments
April DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC, News Analysis, The Argali Case: Court, Hears Mongolia's Appeal
May Conservation News Briefs - A Special Tribute To Gunbearers
June What You Need To Know About Trophy Imports
July Insights From Wildlife Conflict Studies, A Different Perspective For Problem Solving
August How Many Hunters Are There, Really?
September The Antis’ Argali Suit Has Been Dismissed
October Update On The Argali Case
November The Political Future
December Antis Tell Court They Would Rather See Elephants Euthanized Than in a Zoo


Conservation Force 2002
2002
January The Truth About That British Columbia Grizzly Bear “Ban”
February DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - Cameroon Elephant Permits Denied
March SPECIAL REPORT - New USF & WS Director
April The Saga of the Saiga
May The Role And Value Of Hunting
June On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
July Special Report: The Argali Suit - Part I
August Special Report: A Preview Of COP 12
September Zimbabwe Hunting Will Continue – But Zimbabwe Needs You Now
October Understanding Trophy Hunting: A Powerful Conservation Tool
November London March to Save Hunting Breaks All Records
December Santiago, Chile - What Really Happened At CITES COP 12


Conservation Force 2001
2001
March Idaho Approves Nonresident Moose Hunting: A Practical Lesson In Our Democracy
April Special Report On Hunting Why We Do It; Its Conservation Benefits
May Antis Sue To Stop All Argali Trophy Imports
June The Very Latest On That Argali Suit
July Why We Hunt: - Two Important Perspectives
August The Animal Rights 2001 Conference - Terrorism And A Radical Agenda At A Hilton Hotel
September Legal Matters - Update On The Argali Lawsuit
October DATELINE: WASHINGTON Mongolia, Others Denied Role In Argali Lawsuit
November DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - European Trophy Crisis Is Narrowly Averted
December People And Predators. Can They Live Together?




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