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Our Polar Bear Comment: A Report

Written By John J. Jackson III, Conservation Force Chairman & President
(posted April 2007)
 

The comment deadline for the US Fish & Wildlife (USF&WS) Service proposal to list all polar bear as “threatened” was April 9, 2007. It proved to be one of the most challenging and demanding tasks we have ever undertaken. It was an enormous amount of work and expense, but the results are very promising. We think we’ve won. If we don’t, then we’ve established a solid legal and science-integrated record to win in court. Despite the enormous misinformation on the polar bear’s status and hyperbole about global warming, the facts and law don’t warrant listing.

 Here is the shocker: There were 1.6 million comments filed! Half were postcards and the other 800,000 are still being categorized. Many are lined up to sacrifice the polar bear, not to save it. It’s a record.

 Never have we witnessed so much misinformation in the media. Never have we seen so much baseless and misleading information broadcasted by so-called leading environmental organizations. The elephant wars of the late 80s pale in comparison. In one sense, it makes one ashamed to be a member of society; in another sense, it is a fascinating phenomenon to witness as a participant. So far it’s been much more than a fight for what is right. The experience has been shocking because of all that we’ve witnessed and are learning. So many people are too casual with the truth because of their agendas. Too many organizations and people are accepting and using misinformation for their own purposes. It is hysteria that has taken on a life of its own with no end in sight. We can’t possibly express and explain it within the confines of this article, but want you to know that there is something going on here much bigger than the proposed listing of polar bear. A hysteria that may change all of our lives, not just victimize our Inuit friends and threaten our hunting. The polar bear of the Arctic north has become the “poster child” or “panda bear” or “elephant” of the climate element of the environmental movement. There is no concern for the truth, and the hysteria is like a raging wind-blown fire soon to engulf everything in our lives. This is on a scale of its own.

 This is about more than the birth of a psychotic phenomenon within society itself and the status of the polar bear. The reach of the issue is becoming pervasive. Some wild sheep and caribou hunting is already being questioned. Climate committees in IUCN, the Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies, and other organizations and agencies are taking on an unexpected importance. Organizations like the National Wildlife Federation are adamantly supporting the listing of polar bear regardless of the fact that the Endangered Species Act does not provide benefits to foreign listed species and listing would forever end tourist hunting for Americans. Well, we are here to see that the polar bear is not the first casualty of the hysteria. Read on and compare the facts with what you’ve heard and read in the media and from organizations that are far too casual about what is important to us.

 The polar bear is healthy and secure today. Unlike other species in the world, it continues to occupy virtually all of its historical range simply because of the forsaken places it exists. Its population numbers are also at or near record highs - approximately 24,000. That is two and one-half times the estimate when it became of concern in the early 1970s (10,000). There are few species in the world that are so intensively managed and faring so well. Even in its proposal the USF&WS states that the Canadian population is generally healthy and well-managed at this time. In contrast, the USF&WS has just downlisted the Yellowstone area grizzly subpopulation when that species today occupies less than a fraction of one percent of its original range and is at less than a fraction of one percent of its original numbers. No forecast projects the polar bear of the high Arctic north to ever decline to one-half of one percent or less. Its overall population is on the increase. So much so that if it were not for the global warming scare, it would be thought to be overpopulating and in need of reduction for management purposes.

 Of course, subpopulations rise and fall in the normal course. Only two subpopulations are alleged to be affected by global warming: the Western Hudson Bay and the Southern Beaufort Sea subpopulations on the northeast coast of Alaska. Their status is definitely not what has been represented. No decline has been shown in the Southern Beaufort Sea as hard as some try. The alleged decline in Western Hudson Bay is not as certain as represented. The 22 percent (265 bear) decline in the Western Hudson Bay is in serious dispute. The estimate is based only upon a partial survey that entirely excluded a substantial part of that subpopulation’s range. The Inuits and the Nunavut government adamantly deny there is a decline there, and protest that such a conclusion has been drawn from a survey with a large area left out. So who can you believe? The local people or an incomplete survey? With the help of Cabela’s Safari Outfitters, who book hunts in the very area that was left out of the survey, and hunt reports from Hunting Report subscribers who hunted that same area this November (just a month before the listing proposal was published), we submitted independent information. Two hundred bear were seen in three weeks by the hunters and outfitter within the very area left out of the survey. Of course, those observations were made a full month or so after the survey was done south of there, but that is to be corrected this September. There are other reasons to believe there is an error. The bear taken in the un-surveyed area had heavy fat layers and were healthy. Why shouldn’t they have moved northward up the coast, since the Churchill area of the survey is the most harassed and pressured bear subpopulation in the world? The clincher is the fact that when the number of bear in the entire southern range area are added together, the overall number has been increasing in recent years – despite the possible reduction of 256 bear in the one subpopulation (Western Hudson Bay).

 The one small decline that is the example cited to list all the polar bear in the world may be a fiction. Regardless, when have we ever listed an entire world population of a species because one of its many subpopulations on the extreme outer limit of its range may have declined 22 percent when compared to its highest recorded number in history?

 The loss of habitat and prey due to global warming is the basis of the proposal. The Western Hudson Bay polar bear population is geographically twice as far south of the North Pole as it is north of Miami. There are 2,000 miles of ice and habitat north of Churchill, which is the distance to the North Pole from there. It is undisputed by the experts that much of that will become better habitat for bear and seal, and prey/food, if the climate should warm.

 The first and primary reason for the proposal is global warming. Not the consensus estimates, rather the most extreme speculation. Everyone was so ready to assume that global warming was the cause of the one suspected decline, that no one checked the weather records. The Easter holidays fell one day before the comment deadline and the temperatures across the entire continent were at record lows. The media ignored this because it was incongruous with the popular spin and hysteria. This year, Alaska and Western Hudson Bay have been extremely cold. Those are not the only incongruous climate events. In all the hysteria, no one had bothered to consult the official temperature records of Western Hudson Bay and Southern Beaufort Sea. The temperature has declined in both Western Hudson Bay and in Southern Beaufort Sea over the past decade and is getting colder as I write this. (See the graphs and figures on Conservation Force’s website at http://www.conservationforce.org in the Alerts and News section following Conservation Force’s comment.) From 2000 through 2006, the temperature declined at a rate of 3.95 degrees Celsius per decade in the Western Hudson Bay region and 6.86 degrees Celsius per decade in the Southern Beaufort Sea region. So far this year it is even colder, continuing the overall temperature decline that has been taking place in those regions over the past decade.

 It is not yet as cold as it was in the 1970’s and 1980’s, which was thought to be the beginning of a new ice age and was popularly called the “Little Ice Age”. Our investigation has disclosed that the very same polar bear experts who are now claiming that the polar bear population characteristics of reduced body weight, reduction in number of offspring and survival of cubs is due to global warming, were claiming these same characteristics were due to it being too cold in the 1980’s. Really, they were doing formal documented studies of those same problems 25 years ago when the polar bear subpopulations first started to reach the substantial numbers they are at today. There are many possible explanations, like the bear reaching or nearing carrying capacity and having to share the prey/food base. The point still remains that one of the most probable causes in the 1980’s was that it was too cold and there was too much ice, while now the assumption is that it is too warm. Our investigation disclosed that it was warmer during the period of 1930-1950 than it is today. It was warmer than today and warmer for a longer period of time according to the records and experts. The bear survived. You don’t have to go back to when Greenland was green and the Vikings were farming crops there for the four hundred years that were blistering hot.

 A TIME Magazine article was found and reproduced from 1975. It cited the leading climate experts. They claimed that the world was on the verge of another ice age and TIME suggested covering the Arctic ice with black soot to warm it up to save the planet. It seems that man’s fear of the weather, hot and cold, is as common and old as weather fluctuations. The behavior appears to be almost instinctive and irrational. It says more about us than the weather. Society used to sacrifice virgins; in this case we are sacrificing Inuits.

 The expert climatologists and meteorologists that we consulted explained that climate cannot be validly projected. The models don’t even work backwards to explain the weather we’ve already had. It is absolute hype and spin to misrepresent that climate has been or can be projected 45 years in advance. Regardless, most of the projections don’t predict the loss of ice over most of the range of polar bear. It’s hyperbole and speculation.

 The science concerning CO2 is also not advanced. Recent studies show that the assumption that CO2 levels are significantly higher today than in the past is not true. Recent core samples of ice demonstrate that comparable CO2 levels were the norm for ages long before industrialization. Also, much of the CO2 being produced today disappears, i.e., it’s somehow absorbed in wholly unaccountable ways. It is a good gas that plants and the world depends on.

 That is not to say that there is not a gradual, long-term increase in temperature. There has been a one-half degree increase in the past one-hundred years. The trend has been gradual and consistent, but wholly within normal range variations or cycles. I repeat: it is normal.

 The experts we consulted explain that it is beyond the state of science to forecast or project climate decades in advance, but the most reliable indicator to reasonably predict weather cycles are solar cycles or sunspots. Rest easy: sunspots have demonstratively died down and the next solar cycle should prove to be very cold by 2030. When solar cycles are added to most models, cold weather is predicted, not the mild warming experienced during the last century (one half of one degree).

 We don’t take issue with the fact that cows produce methane and people produce CO2, or any of that. The ESA requires the threat to a species to be (1) “likely” to threaten the species with (2) extinction within the (3) “foreseeable” future in a (4) “significant portion of its range.” Global warming projections fail all four tests. No hypothetical projection can be said to be “likely”. Climate change is not “foreseeable” that far into the future. Ask your local weatherman. In fact, the further in time the projection, the less likely it is to be true. The bear has survived all climate changes in the past, so it has been empirically demonstrated not to be threatened by this lesser warming trend. And finally, it is highly speculative and not likely that a “biologically significant portion” of the bear’s habitat and numbers will not survive in all of its truly vast range.

 The second reason the USF&WS proposed the listing was related. It was the failure to have adequate regulatory measures to control the hypothetically projected global warming expected due to excessive CO2 production. That is not something that the Inuit, with approximately 60 percent of the world’s polar bear population, are responsible for or can control. Their failure to control global warming, which is beyond their control and not their fault, is not the cause of the asserted problem. We are. Proof of causation is necessary. They should not be penalized or sanctioned for the CO2 we produce. It would be irrational to list their polar bear over their objection when it is not their failure to have adequate regulatory measures. It shows how twisted things can get, but arbitrary and irrational listings are not legal.

 That brings us to the first and most important part of the Conservation Force comment opposing the listing. Under the ESA, a listing determination is not to be made until “after” the foreign range nation efforts and conservation programs are “taken into account”. In the case of the polar bear in Canada and Nunavut, the listing would seriously interfere and undermine its tourist hunting program which relies heavily upon US hunters. A “threatened” listing would trigger the prohibition in the Marine Mammal Protection Act that expressly provides that depleted marine mammal species can’t be imported and defines “depleted” as any marine mammal species that is listed as “threatened”. Some might argue that is an economic consideration that is not to be considered; that “solely” the best scientific data should be considered. Fortunately, that is not the law. The ESA’s section on listing determinations plainly states that the range nation’s programs “shall” be taken into account before getting into weighing the other factors. Congressional records make it clear that a foreign nation’s tourist hunting program is to first be taken into consideration. The polar bear listing proposal will put that “taking into account” clause to the ultimate test. If we are successful on that basis it will serve the hunting community long into the future. We’ve waited for the opportunity to make this argument for years. Now, we have no choice. The law is plain on its face, but there is no prior case on point. A foreign species should not be listed unless it is a net benefit to the species. Any other interpretation of the Endangered Species Act is nonsensical. The proposal is proof in itself that this listing arises from an agenda unrelated to the Endangered Species Act or is legal error.

 We’ve pointed out that the listing will not only undermine Canada and Nunavut’s conservation efforts and strategies, but it will also not benefit bear in foreign lands. Listing would cause a net loss or actually itself threaten the species. Generally, the only benefit provided foreign species that are listed is the prohibition against imports. In this case, that is not related to the threat to the bear and would interfere with the programs in Canada and Nunavut. Unlike provisions for domestic species, the Endangered Species Act does not provide designation of critical habitat, habitat acquisition, habitat conservation plans, mitigation, recovery plans, cooperative agreements, funding or little else.

 The following organizations should be credited with joining in Conservation Force’s comment opposing the listing: North American Bear Foundation, Dallas Safari Club, Dallas Ecological Foundation, Houston Safari Club, the African Safari Club of Florida, Grand Slam/OVIS, the International Professional Hunters Association, the Sustainable Use Commission of the International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation, the Foundation of North American Wild Sheep, the Guides and Outfitters Association of British Columbia, the Canadian Federation of Outfitter Associations (nine in total), and the National Taxidermist Association. We were proud to have them aboard for this important cause.

 The USF&WS will make and publish its decision next January, 2008. We’ve already filed a supplement to our original comment before the deadline. Now we are building another draft comment in anticipation that the Service may reopen the comment period. We asked the Service to reopen and/or extend the comment period because of the misleading media hype that there would be a worldwide recovery program if the polar bear is listed and false suggestion that it will not necessarily terminate trophy imports. The ESA does not provide for recovery programs of foreign species, and the USF&WS can’t override the express Congressional language in the Marine Mammal Protection Act that defines “threatened” listed species to be “depleted”. At this time, the bear numbers remain at or near all-time high numbers and occupies virtually all of its historical habitat. The greatest threat to long-term continuity at present levels is the listing proposal itself. – John J. Jackson, III.



Conservation Force 2014
2014
January Firestorm Email Attacks by Media and Antis
January CIC Milan 61st General Assembly/Crime Summit
January USFWS Re-Notices Proposed ESA Downlisting of Markhor
January Markhor Import Permit Appeal
January Hunter Proud Foundation & Osprey Filming Company
January Intervention in Latest Three Amigos Suit
February Antis’ Antics Have Perverse Negative Effect on Rhino Conservation
March Speech Upon Receiving the Houston Safari Club International Hunter of the Year Award
March Hunting: A Great Debate
April Illegal Wildlife Trade and Poaching
April Conservation Force Solves Liberia Trophy Import Problems
April Elephant Hair and Skin Bracelets Importable
April Conservation Force First Quarter 2014 Report
May USFWS Implements Catastrophic Suspension of Elephant Imports from Tanzania and Zimbabwe
May Letter to USFWS from Robin Hurt
June First Formal Action on Elephant Import Suspension Taken by Conservation Force
July Import Permits Issued for Sulaiman Markhor of Torghar Project
July Trophy Definition to Again Include Worked, Manufactured or Handicraft Items
July Comments Opposing Zimbabwe Elephant Trophy Import Suspension
July USFWS Produces Letter of Inquiry to Tanzania on Elephant Populations


Conservation Force 2013
2013
January US Fish and Wildlife Service Announces 90-Day Finding on ESA Listing for African Lion
February Why Hunt Wild Cats: Arguments Previously Made By USFWS and African Nations
March World Conservation Force Bulletin Enters Its 18th Year
March Mozambique and Cameroon Hippo Trade Suspended by CITES
March Final Findings of National Survey Reports A Record Number of Big Game Hunters
March 2012 Zambia Elephant Trophy Imports Approved
March On Receiving The Peter Hathaway Capstick Hunting Heritage Award
April A CITES CoP16 Report: Key Wins, Some Losses for the Hunting Community
April What Was Truly at Stake with the Polar Bear Proposal
May USFWS Grants First Black Rhino Import Permit
May Evaluating Namibia’s Rhino Program
May Rhino Populations Grow Despite Poaching
June CIC General Assembly Adopts Recommendations for African Lion and White Rhino
June Double Quotas Not Yet Resolved in USA
June Equal Allocation of New Mexico Nonresident Licenses for Rocky Mountain and Desert Bighorn Sheep, Oryx and Ibex Challenged Again
June Wood Bison Cases Still in Court
June Black Rhino Public Education
July USFWS Denies Petitions to Remove Private, Captive Populations of Species from ESA: Scimitar-horned Oryx, Dama Gazelle and Addax Denied
July Polar Bear Litigation Developments
July Finally, All Gray Wolves Proposed for Removal from ESA
July Status of the Petition to List the Lion as Endangered: African Lion Workshop
August Court Turns Deaf Ear to Polar Bear Enhancement Permit Applicants for Gulf of Boothia
August Newly Published Monograph on Hunting & Conservation
August Family Hunts Under One License are Illegal
August Wildlife for the 21st Century, Volume IV
September Downlisting of Straight-Horned Markhor Delayed; USFWS to Issue Revised Proposed Rule to Reclassify Species Under ESA
September New Trophy Seizure Issues Arise
September New Mexico Nonresident Terk Case Revving Up
September Polar Bear Listing Now Before US Supreme Court
October US Fish & Wildlife Lists White Rhino as Threatened
October Two Articles on Black Rhino Trophy Imports
October Defense of Terk Decision Needs Support
October Two Colorado State Senators Recalled for Passage of Firearms Restrictions
October Cheetah Numbers Increasing
November US Supreme Court Denies Polar Bear Writ
November Court Should Hold Feds Accountable for Questionable ESA Listing
November Succession and Development: “What will We Do When You are Gone?
November Black Rhino Auction: A Dream Come True
December Unintended Consequences May Arise from Presidential Executive Order to Combat Wildlife Trafficking
December The Crush: Whose Ivory was Destroyed and Will It Truly Curtail Poaching?
December Climate Change Used to Reopen Wolverine Listing Proposal
December Conservation Force Wins FOIA Suit for Records Revealing Why USFWS Stalled Markhor Downlisting
December Suit Threatens Three Amigos Permitting Process; Conservation Force and Allied Organizations to Intervene


Conservation Force 2012
2012
January HSUS Threatens Conservation Force’s Asian Projects and Partners
January Markhor III Suit Filed to Compel 12-Month Downlisting Finding
January Serious Irregularities in Administrative Records and Scientific Findings
January Can You Offer for Sale or Sell an “Endangered” Listed Species Without a Permit?
February Conservation Force Partners with SAVE Valley Conservancy
February New Mexico Further Restricts Nonresident Hunting
February An Open Letter to Ranchers and Hunters of ESA Listed Exotics in The US
March Trophy Seizure Threat Reaches New High; USFWS Conduct Reaches New Low
March Some Court Success in Seizure Cases
March New Study Quantifies the Importance of Lion Hunting
March Onsite Report: The Etosha Meeting of African Lion Working Group
March Conservation Force Legal Action Update
April USF&WS Proposes New CITES Regulations
April Update on Three Amigos: Dama Gazelle, Addax and Scimitar-horned Oryx
April CF Board Members Selected To Important IUCN Posts
April Help Needed For Conservation Force Intern Program
May Wood Bison II Litigation Successfully Concluded: Court Overturns USFWS Enhancement Permit Denials
May Markhor III Suit Settled
June Dr. James Teer, Founding Member of Conservation Force, Dies
June Canadian Wood Bison Downlisted! Trophies Now Importable
July National Fish & Wildlife Conservation Congress in Canada
July Hunting for an Acceptable Image: Building Public Acceptance for Sustainable Use of Wildlife
July USFWS Considering Positions for CITES CoP16
July Antis Again Challenge “Trophy” Definition
August Promising Polar Bear Developments: Scientists Stand Corrected
August Last Brief in Markhor I Suit Filed
August Power Outages – Shortfalls
September Success! USFWS Proposes the Downlisting & Importation of Torghar Markhor Without an ESA Import Permit
October The National Survey Shows Increase in Hunters and Big Game Hunting
October South Africa’s Protected Area Act of 2003 Hurts Wildlife & Habitats
October CIC President Bernard Lozé: “Banning Lion Hunting Endangers The Survival of Lions in the Wild!”
October Update on Our Freedom of Information Act Suits
November CITES CoP16 Proposals Published: White Rhino, Polar Bear, Elephant, Pyrenean Chamois, Leopard Permits
November Remarks of Deborah Lyons, Deputy Head of Mission, at the Inuit Delegation - Polar Bear Reception at Embassy of Canada, Washington, D.C., September 20, 2012
November 3 Amigos: USFWS Makes 90-Day Finding to Review Downlisting Those Species in USA
November PH Stu Taylor Recovery Fund Established
December Worked Elephant Ivory Tusks Not Importable: US Court Holds Import Violated Four Laws and Orders Forfeiture of Zimbabwe Elephant Tusk
December Waning Status of Hunting-Based Conservation in Botswana: Latest Developments
December Bill Poole Enshrined Into the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame


Conservation Force 2011
2011
January Court Rules No Fees Due in Permit Cases
January Delays & Revelations In Wood Bison Suit
February A Step-by-Step Guide On Who Is Responsible For What
February Billy Ray Parnell Purple Heart Program
March Wood Bison Initiative Enters Final Stage
March Lead Issue Taken to Court
March Both Markhor Cases Moving Forward
March Zambia Initiative Success
April Africa: Antis Petition Listing Of African Lion on ESA
April Success in Iran
April Scientists Recant Tipping Point Theory That Doomed the Polar Bear
April Plains Bison Listing Petition Denials
April The Osprey Filming Company
May Special Coverage On Polar Bear: Sustainable Use On Trial
June Special Coverage On Elephant Imports: Challenging The USFWS Definition of “Trophy”
July USFWS Makes Positive Markhor Finding
July New Eruption Atop Mountain of Seizures
July USFWS Enforces Validation Requirement On CITES Permits
July Pakistan Export Permits Don’t Have a Validation Section
August US District Court Denies All Challenges to Listing the Polar Bear as “Threatened”
August Permit Exclusions Eliminated for “The Three Amigos”
September Important Developments at 25th Meeting of the CITES Animals Committee
September Abusive Use of Polar Bear Drowning Misinformation
September Cheetah Import Permits Denied Again
October Special Coverage: Getting To The Root Of The Trophy Seizure Crisis – The History and Genesis Of The Problem
November District Court Denies Relief In Zambia
and Mozambique Elephant Import Suits
December Success! Zambia Elephant Import Permits Issued By USFWS
December Update on Seizure and Forfeiture Crisis


Conservation Force 2010
2010
January Special Report: Addressing The US Trophy Seizure Crisis
February Federal Court Rules Hunters’ Interests In Trophies Not Legally Protected
March CF Creates Permanent Litigation Division
March Special Report: Conservation Force Chairman Receives International Statesman Award
March Briefly Noted
April Conservation Force Institutes Industry-Commercial Services Sponsorships
April Briefly Noted
April Dr. Dale Toweill Joins Conservation Force Board of Advisors
May Special Report: Focus On CITES CoP15
June 57th CIC General Assembly: Expanding Scope, Participation & Influence
June Briefly Noted
July The Supreme Court Invalidates Overly Broad Cruelty Law In Light of the Acceptability of Hunting
August Status of Wood Bison Suits Against USFWS
September The Important Historical Role of Hunters To Both Public and Private Land Conservation
September Pakistan: New Markhor Down-listing Petition Filed
October CBD Pushes To Ban All Lead Ammo & Fish Gear
November Important New Development in Trophy Seizure Crisis
November Anticlimactic Polar Bear Court Hearing
December A Tool For Lion Hunters: The Pocket Guide To Aging Lions
December Polar Bear Listing Cases Status
December St. Petersburg Hosts 58th CIC General Assembly


Conservation Force 2009
2009
January 2008 In Review Bio-political Developments
February Crisis Over Trophies In Transit Resolved
February Two Important Legal Actions
March Lion Campaign Kicks Off In The Nick of Time
March Polar Bear Update: Law Suit Sets New Precedent On Listings
March Briefly Noted
April "Challenges and Solutions for the Conservation of Lions and Other Large Carnivores in Sub-Saharan Africa" February 17th-18th Maroua, Cameroon
May Trophy Seizures & Forfeiture Crisis: Problems and Resolutions
May Briefly Noted
June Cheetah & Black-faced Impala Permits Denied
June Briefly Noted
July National Action Plans Save Lion Initiative
July Briefly Noted
August Tanzania To Enforce Age Limits On Trophy Lions
August Three Antelope Case A Win For Conservation
August Briefly Noted
September The Unrealized Potential of Conservation Hunting
September North America: Latest Developments On Polar Bear
October Mozambique: Niassa Elephant Trophy
November Africa: Suit Filed Over Zambia Elephant Import Permits
November Arctic: USF&WS Proposes CITES Uplist Polar Bear
November Polar Bear Lawsuits Challenging the Listing Decision
December Special Report: African Lion Spared the CITES Axe, For Now
December Bill Poole: “A Lion of a Man”
December Special Report: CITES Proposals for CoP15, March 2010


Conservation Force 2008
2008
January CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
January Polar Bear Developments
February Conservation News Developments
March Breaking News On Argali Draws
April Polar Bear Decision: Some Thoughts About That Continuing Delay
April CAMEROON: All About The New CAMNARES Program
May Conversation Force to Intervene
May Briefly Noted
June Polar Bear Listing: Assessing The Impact And Mapping A Way Forward
June CITES: Trophy Importation Crisis Averted For Now
August Update On Kashmir Markhor
August Polar Bear Imports: Immediate Ban Upheld
August A Word About The Bob Kern Trial
September Study Analyzes Work Of NGO’s In African Wildlife Conservation
September Tanzania: Elephant Permit Crisis Averted
September Briefly Noted
October New Efforts To Reverse The Polar Bear Listing
October USF&WS Seizing Some Utilitarian Trophy Items
November Nation-by-Nation Plans To Save African Lion
November Hunting For Truth: Why Rationalizing The Ritual Must Fail
November Briefly Noted
November USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
November Leadership, People and Science
December USF&WS Trophy Regs Still Wreaking Havoc
December Briefly Noted


Conservation Force 2007
2007
January Largest Hunting Development in the World
January Philippe Chardonnet Elected to Conservation Force Board
January PHASA AGM: An On-Site Report
February Polar Bear and Trophy Imports Both In Jeopardy
March A Second Threat to Polar Bear Import
March Guide To Aging Lions Is Now Available
March Briefly Noted
April Understanding The Issues And Proposals
April Our Polar Bear Comment: A Report
June Namibia: Help Is Available On Seized Leopards
June Belgrade: All About The Latest CIC General Assembly
June Special Report: New Conservation DVD Is Getting Attention
June CITES Meeting: The Latest Developments
June What Do You Say To A Liberal Intellectual Who Has Never Hunted?
July What Really Happened at CITES COP14 In The Hague
August Markhor Import Denial Raises Big Questions
September White House Orders National Hunting Conference
October Reflections On 10 Years Of Conservation Force
October Bear Listing Proposal: USGS Releases Reports
November Petitions to Free Siezed Trophies Successful
November Polar Bear Crisis Heats Up
November Briefly Noted
December Important Development in Markhor Conservation
December A Commentary On The National Geographic Article About “Hunters: For Love of the Land”


Conservation Force 2006
2006
January Highlights of 2005
February Protectionist File Suit To List All Polar Bear Under the Endangered Species Act
March ESA Listing Pending Polar Bear Crisis Is Growing
April The Real Significance If Polar Bear Are Listed
May One Important Nonresident Rights Case Continues
June Comment On “Draft Norms & Standards for the Regulations of the Hunting Industry in South Africa
July Symposium May Affect The Future Of Hunting; Progress Reported On Black Faced Impala
August Assessing The Impact Of Interior Dept. Turnover
September Mozambique Elephant Trophy Import Permit Applications Denied
October BC Bear Report And “Stricter Domestic Measures:” An Analysis Of The Connections
November UK Meetings Focus On Hunting/Conservation
December Wildlife ‘Compact’ Has Downsides / Gala Tanzania Banquet / Last Nonresident Suit


Conservation Force 2005
2005
January The End of Nonresident Hunting Rights
February African Elephant Downlisted to Vulnerable
March Southwest Alaska Profile In Conservation
April The Truth About That Polar Bear Petition
May The Legally Structured Role of Hunting and Fishing in the US and Abroad
June Nonresidents Stripped of Constitutional Rights in Congress
July Black Rhino Hunting Development
August Elephant Hunting Is Fully Open In Zambia / Getting A Handle On “Sustainable Use”
September Russia: The “Real Skinny On That Hunting Closure
October Hurricane Katrina Threatens Conservation Force
October USFW&S Denies Permits For Black-Faced Impala
November First African Lion Workshops Are Successful; IUCN Polar Bear Listing Upgraded
December US Lists New Foreign Species As Endangered


Conservation Force 2004
2004
January Permits To Import Certain Endangered Species Understanding That Draft Trophy Import Policy Change
February Musings of an Old Hunter
March Giant Saltwater Crocodile Hunting May Open
April Who Said What: A Compendium Of Comments
May African Lion Targeted At CITES Meeting
June The Truth About Senator John Kerry
June Two Hunters’ Legacies
July Argali Suit Finally Finished: Positive Gains
July Case Study of a Man-Eating Lion Killing 35 People
September Cats/Canids Bill Introduced; NRA To Push Hunting; Important CITES COP 13 Developments
October Will Lion Hunting Survive? And More....
November What Really Happened At COP13
December More To Come On African Lion


Conservation Force 2003
2003
January On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
February Conservation of the African Lion: Contribution to a Status Survey
March A Reflection on Positive Developments
April DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC, News Analysis, The Argali Case: Court, Hears Mongolia's Appeal
May Conservation News Briefs - A Special Tribute To Gunbearers
June What You Need To Know About Trophy Imports
July Insights From Wildlife Conflict Studies, A Different Perspective For Problem Solving
August How Many Hunters Are There, Really?
September The Antis’ Argali Suit Has Been Dismissed
October Update On The Argali Case
November The Political Future
December Antis Tell Court They Would Rather See Elephants Euthanized Than in a Zoo


Conservation Force 2002
2002
January The Truth About That British Columbia Grizzly Bear “Ban”
February DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - Cameroon Elephant Permits Denied
March SPECIAL REPORT - New USF & WS Director
April The Saga of the Saiga
May The Role And Value Of Hunting
June On The Legal Front Gun Rights… Nonresident Permits… Trophy Imports
July Special Report: The Argali Suit - Part I
August Special Report: A Preview Of COP 12
September Zimbabwe Hunting Will Continue – But Zimbabwe Needs You Now
October Understanding Trophy Hunting: A Powerful Conservation Tool
November London March to Save Hunting Breaks All Records
December Santiago, Chile - What Really Happened At CITES COP 12


Conservation Force 2001
2001
March Idaho Approves Nonresident Moose Hunting: A Practical Lesson In Our Democracy
April Special Report On Hunting Why We Do It; Its Conservation Benefits
May Antis Sue To Stop All Argali Trophy Imports
June The Very Latest On That Argali Suit
July Why We Hunt: - Two Important Perspectives
August The Animal Rights 2001 Conference - Terrorism And A Radical Agenda At A Hilton Hotel
September Legal Matters - Update On The Argali Lawsuit
October DATELINE: WASHINGTON Mongolia, Others Denied Role In Argali Lawsuit
November DATELINE: WASHINGTON, DC - European Trophy Crisis Is Narrowly Averted
December People And Predators. Can They Live Together?




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